Avg Aggregationedit

A single-value metrics aggregation that computes the average of numeric values that are extracted from the aggregated documents. These values can be extracted either from specific numeric fields in the documents, or be generated by a provided script.

Assuming the data consists of documents representing exams grades (between 0 and 100) of students we can average their scores with:

POST /exams/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "avg_grade" : { "avg" : { "field" : "grade" } }
    }
}

The above aggregation computes the average grade over all documents. The aggregation type is avg and the field setting defines the numeric field of the documents the average will be computed on. The above will return the following:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "avg_grade": {
            "value": 75.0
        }
    }
}

The name of the aggregation (avg_grade above) also serves as the key by which the aggregation result can be retrieved from the returned response.

Scriptedit

Computing the average grade based on a script:

POST /exams/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "avg_grade" : {
            "avg" : {
                "script" : {
                    "source" : "doc.grade.value"
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

This will interpret the script parameter as an inline script with the painless script language and no script parameters. To use a file script use the following syntax:

POST /exams/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "avg_grade" : {
            "avg" : {
                "script" : {
                    "file": "my_script",
                    "params": {
                        "field": "grade"
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
Tip

for indexed scripts replace the file parameter with an id parameter.

Value Scriptedit

It turned out that the exam was way above the level of the students and a grade correction needs to be applied. We can use value script to get the new average:

POST /exams/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "avg_corrected_grade" : {
            "avg" : {
                "field" : "grade",
                "script" : {
                    "lang": "painless",
                    "source": "_value * params.correction",
                    "params" : {
                        "correction" : 1.2
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Missing valueedit

The missing parameter defines how documents that are missing a value should be treated. By default they will be ignored but it is also possible to treat them as if they had a value.

POST /exams/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "grade_avg" : {
            "avg" : {
                "field" : "grade",
                "missing": 10 
            }
        }
    }
}

Documents without a value in the grade field will fall into the same bucket as documents that have the value 10.