Elasticsearch APIedit

The elasticsearch-api library provides a Ruby implementation of the Elasticsearch REST API.

Installationedit

Install the package from Rubygems:

gem install elasticsearch-api

To use an unreleased version, either add it to your Gemfile for Bundler:

gem 'elasticsearch-api', git: 'git://github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-ruby.git'

or install it from a source code checkout:

git clone https://github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-ruby.git
cd elasticsearch-ruby/elasticsearch-api
bundle install
rake install

Example usageedit

The library is designed as a group of standalone Ruby modules, which can be mixed into a class providing connection to Elasticsearch — an Elasticsearch client.

Usage with the elasticsearch gemedit

When you use the client from the elasticsearch-ruby client, the library modules have been already included, so you just call the API methods.

The response will be an Elasticsearch::API::Response object which wraps an Elasticsearch::Transport::Transport::Response object. It provides body, status and headers methods, but you can treat is as a hash and access the keys directly.

require 'elasticsearch'

client = Elasticsearch::Client.new

>response = client.index(index: 'myindex', id: 1, body: { title: 'Test' })
=> #<Elasticsearch::API::Response:0x00007fc9564b4980
 @response=
  #<Elastic::Transport::Transport::Response:0x00007fc9564b4ac0
   @body=
    {"_index"=>"myindex",
     "_id"=>"1",
     "_version"=>2,
     "result"=>"updated",
     "_shards"=>{"total"=>1, "successful"=>1, "failed"=>0},
     "_seq_no"=>1,
     "_primary_term"=>1},
   @headers=
    {"x-elastic-product"=>"Elasticsearch",
     "content-type"=>"application/json",
     "content-encoding"=>"gzip",
     "content-length"=>"130"},
   @status=200>>

> response['result']
=> "created"

client.search(index: 'myindex', body: { query: { match: { title: 'test' } } })
# => => #<Elasticsearch::API::Response:0x00007fc95674a550
 @response=
  #<Elastic::Transport::Transport::Response:0x00007fc95674a5c8
   @body=
    {"took"=>223,
     "timed_out"=>false,
     "_shards"=>{"total"=>2, "successful"=>2, "skipped"=>0, "failed"=>0},
     "hits"=>
      {"total"=>{"value"=>1, "relation"=>"eq"},
       "max_score"=>0.2876821,
       "hits"=>[{"_index"=>"myindex", "_id"=>"1", "_score"=>0.2876821, "_source"=>{"title"=>"Test"}}]}},
   @headers=
    {"x-elastic-product"=>"Elasticsearch",
     "content-type"=>"application/json",
     "content-encoding"=>"gzip",
     "content-length"=>"188"},
   @status=200>>

Full documentation and examples are included as RDoc annotations in the source code and available online at http://rubydoc.info/gems/elasticsearch-api.

Usage with a custom clientedit

When you want to mix the library with your own client, it must conform to the following contract:

  • It responds to a perform_request(method, path, params, body, headers) method,
  • the method returns an object with status, body and headers methods.

A simple client could look like this (with a dependency on active_support to parse the query params):

require 'multi_json'
require 'faraday'
require 'elasticsearch/api'

class MySimpleClient
  include Elasticsearch::API

  CONNECTION = ::Faraday::Connection.new(url: 'http://localhost:9200')

  def perform_request(method, path, params, body, headers = nil)
    puts "--> #{method.upcase} #{path} #{params} #{body} #{headers}"

    CONNECTION.run_request \
      method.downcase.to_sym,
      path_with_params(path, params),
      ( body ? MultiJson.dump(body): nil ),
      {'Content-Type' => 'application/json'}
  end

  private

  def path_with_params(path, params)
    return path if params.blank?

    case params
    when String
      "#{path}?#{params}"
    when Hash
      "#{path}?#{URI.encode_www_form(params)}"
    else
      raise ArgumentError, "Cannot parse params: '#{params}'"
    end
  end
end

client = MySimpleClient.new

p client.cluster.health
# --> GET _cluster/health {}
# => "{"cluster_name":"elasticsearch" ... }"

p client.index(index: 'myindex', id: 'custom', body: { title: "Indexing from my client" })
# --> PUT myindex/mytype/custom {} {:title=>"Indexing from my client"}
# => "{"ok":true, ... }"
Using JSON Buildersedit

Instead of passing the :body argument as a Ruby Hash, you can pass it as a String, potentially taking advantage of JSON builders such as JBuilder or Jsonify:

require 'jbuilder'

query = Jbuilder.encode do |json|
  json.query do
    json.match do
      json.title do
        json.query    'test 1'
        json.operator 'and'
      end
    end
  end
end

client.search(index: 'myindex', body: query)

# 2013-06-25 09:56:05 +0200: GET http://localhost:9200/myindex/_search [status:200, request:0.015s, query:0.011s]
# 2013-06-25 09:56:05 +0200: > {"query":{"match":{"title":{"query":"test 1","operator":"and"}}}}
# ...
# => {"took"=>21, ..., "hits"=>{"total"=>1, "hits"=>[{ "_source"=>{"title"=>"Test 1", ...}}]}}
Using Hash Wrappersedit

For a more comfortable access to response properties, you may wrap it in one of the Hash "object access" wrappers, such as Hashie::Mash:

require 'hashie'

response = client.search(
  index: 'myindex',
  body: {
    query: { match: { title: 'test' } },
    aggregations: { tags: { terms: { field: 'tags' } } }
  }
)

mash = Hashie::Mash.new(response)

mash.hits.hits.first._source.title
# => 'Test'
Using a Custom JSON Serializeredit

The library uses the MultiJson gem by default but allows you to set a custom JSON library, provided it uses the standard load/dump interface:

Elasticsearch::API.settings[:serializer] = JrJackson::Json
Elasticsearch::API.serializer.dump({foo: 'bar'})
# => {"foo":"bar"}