Grant users access to secured resourcesedit

You can use role-based access control to grant users access to secured resources. The roles that you set up depend on your organization’s security requirements and the minimum privileges required to use specific features.

Typically you need the create the following separate roles:

  • setup role for setting up index templates and other dependencies
  • monitoring role for sending monitoring information
  • writer role for publishing events collected by Metricbeat
  • reader role for Kibana users who need to view and create visualizations that access Metricbeat data

X-Pack security provides built-in roles that grant a subset of the privileges needed by Metricbeat users. When possible, use the built-in roles to minimize the affect of future changes on your security strategy.

Grant privileges and roles needed for setupedit

Important

Setting up Metricbeat is an admin-level task that requires extra privileges. As a best practice, grant the setup role to administrators only, and use a less restrictive role for event publishing.

Administrators who set up Metricbeat typically need to load mappings, dashboards, and other objects used to index data into Elasticsearch and visualize it in Kibana.

To grant users the required privileges:

  1. Create a setup role, called something like metricbeat_setup, that has the following privileges:

    Privileges Why needed?

    monitor

    Send monitoring data to the cluster

    manage_ilm

    Set up and manage index lifecycle management (ILM) policy

    manage_ml

    Set up machine learning job configurations

    manage on metricbeat-* indices

    Set up aliases used by ILM

    read on metricbeat-* indices

    Read Metricbeat indices in order to set up machine learning jobs

    Omit any privileges that aren’t relevant in your environment.

    Note

    These instructions assume that you are using the default name for Metricbeat indices. If you are using a custom name, modify the privileges to match your index naming pattern.

  2. Assign the setup role, along with the following built-in roles, to users who need to set up Metricbeat:

    Roles Why needed?

    kibana_user

    Load dependencies, such as example dashboards, if available, into Kibana

    ingest_admin

    Set up index templates and, if available, ingest pipelines

    beats_admin

    Enroll and manage configurations in Beats central management

    Omit any roles that aren’t relevant in your environment.

Grant privileges and roles needed for monitoringedit

X-Pack security provides built-in users and roles for monitoring. The privileges and roles needed depend on the method used to collect monitoring data.

Internal collectionedit

For internal collection, X-Pack security provides the metricbeat_system built-in user and metricbeat_system built-in role for sending monitoring information. You can use the built-in user, or create a user who has the privileges needed to send monitoring information.

If you use the metricbeat_system user, make sure you set the password.

If you don’t use the metricbeat_system user:

  1. Create a monitoring role, called something like metricbeat_monitoring, that has the following privileges:

    Privileges Why needed?

    monitor

    Send monitoring info

    kibana_user

    Use Kibana

  2. Assign the monitoring role, along with the following built-in role, to users who need to monitor Metricbeat:

    Role Why needed?

    monitoring_user

    Use Stack Monitoring in Kibana to monitor Metricbeat

Metricbeat collectionedit

For Metricbeat collection, X-Pack security provides the remote_monitoring_user built-in user, and the remote_monitoring_collector and remote_monitoring_agent built-in roles for collecting and sending monitoring information. You can use the built-in user, or create a user who has the privileges needed to collect and send monitoring information.

If you use the remote_monitoring_user user, make sure you set the password.

If you don’t use the remote_monitoring_user user:

  1. Create a user on the production cluster who will collect and send monitoring information.
  2. Assign the following roles to the user:

    Role Why needed?

    remote_monitoring_collector

    Collect monitoring metrics from Metricbeat

    remote_monitoring_agent

    Send monitoring data to the monitoring cluster

  3. Assign the following role to users who will view the monitoring data in Kibana:
Role Why needed?

monitoring_user

Use Stack Monitoring in Kibana to monitor Metricbeat

Grant privileges and roles needed for publishingedit

Users who publish events to Elasticsearch need to create and read from Metricbeat indices. To minimize the privileges required by the writer role, you can use the setup role to pre-load dependencies. Then turn off setup options in the Metricbeat config file before running Metricbeat to publish events. For example:

setup.template.enabled: false
setup.ilm.check_exists: false
setup.ilm.overwrite: false 

Omit ilm.check_exists and ilm.overwrite if ILM is disabled.

To grant the required privileges:

  1. Create a writer role, called something like metricbeat_writer, that has the following privileges (this list assumes the setup options shown earlier are set to false):

    Privileges Why needed?

    monitor

    Send monitoring info

    read_ilm

    Read the ILM policy when connecting to clusters that support ILM

    view_index_metadata on metricbeat-* indices

    Check for alias when connecting to clusters that support ILM

    index on metricbeat-* indices

    Index events into Elasticsearch

    create_index on metricbeat-* indices

    Create daily indices when connecting to clusters that do not support ILM

    Omit any privileges that aren’t relevant in your environment.

  2. Assign the writer role to users who will index events into Elasticsearch.

Grant privileges and roles needed to read Metricbeat dataedit

Kibana users typically need to view dashboards and visualizations that contain Metricbeat data. These users might also need to create and edit dashboards and visualizations. If you’re using Beats central management, some of these users might need to create and manage configurations.

To grant users the required privileges:

  1. Create a reader role, called something like metricbeat_reader, that has the following privilege:

    Privilege Why needed?

    read on metricbeat-* indices

    Read data indexed by Metricbeat

  2. Assign the reader role, along with the following built-in roles, to users who need to read Metricbeat data:

    Roles Why needed?

    kibana_user or kibana_dashboard_only_user

    Use Kibana. kibana_dashboard_only_user grants read-only access to dashboards.

    beats_admin

    Create and manage configurations in Beats central management. Only assign this role to users who need to use Beats central management.

    Omit any roles that aren’t relevant in your environment.

Learn more about users and rolesedit

Want to learn more about creating users and roles? See Securing the Elastic Stack. Also see: