Supported technologiesedit

The Elastic APM Java Agent automatically instruments various APIs, frameworks and application servers. This section lists all supported technologies.

If your favorite technology is not supported yet, you can vote for it by participating in our survey. We will use the results to add support for the most requested technologies.

Other options are to add a dependency to the agent’s public API in order to programmatically create custom transactions and spans, or to create your own plugin that will instrument the technology you want instrumented.

If you want to extend the auto-instrumentation capabilities of the agent, the contributing guide should get you started.

If, for example, the HTTP client library of your choice is not listed, it means that there won’t be spans for those outgoing HTTP requests. If the web framework you are using is not supported, the agent does not capture transactions.

Java versionsedit

As of version 1.33.0, Java 7 support is deprecated and will be removed in a future release

Vendor Supported versions Notes

Oracle JDK

7u60+*, 8u40+, 9, 10, 11, 17

--module-path has not been tested yet

OpenJDK

7u60+*, 8u40+, 9, 10, 11, 17

--module-path has not been tested yet

IBM J9 VM

8 service refresh 5+ (build 2.9 or 8.0.5.0)

Sampling profiler is not supported

HP-UX JVM

7.0.10+*, 8.0.02+

SAP JVM

8.1.065+

* Java 7 support is deprecated and will be removed in a future release

Early Java 8 and Java 7

Early Java 8 versions before update 40 are not supported because they have several bugs that might result in JVM crashes when a java agent is active, thus agent will not start on those versions. Similarly, Java 7 versions before update 60 are not supported as they are buggy in regard to invokedynamic.

Here is an example of the message displayed when this happens.

Failed to start agent - JVM version not supported: 1.8.0_31 Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM 25.31-b07.
To override Java version verification, set the 'elastic.apm.disable_bootstrap_checks' System property to 'true'.

As this message states, you can disable this check if required by adding -Delastic.apm.disable_bootstrap_checks to the JVM arguments.

Web Frameworksedit

Framework Supported versions Description Since

Servlet API

3+

A transaction will be created for all incoming HTTP requests to your Servlet API-based application. Starting in version 1.18.0, additional spans are created if the servlet dispatches execution to another servlet through the forward or include APIs, or to an error page. See also Application Servers/Servlet Containers

1.0.0, 4.0+ (jakarta.servlet) since 1.28.0

Spring Web MVC

4.x, 5.x

If you are using Spring MVC (for example with Spring Boot), the transactions are named based on your controllers (ControllerClass#controllerMethod).

1.0.0

Spring Webflux

5.2.3+

Creates transactions for incoming HTTP requests, supports annotated and functional endpoints.

1.24.0 (experimental)

JavaServer Faces

2.2.x, 2.3.x, 3.0.x

If you are using JSF, transactions are named based on the requested Facelets and spans are captured for visibility into execution and rendering

1.0.0, jakarta.faces since 1.28.0

Spring Boot

1.5+, 2.x

Supports embedded Tomcat, Jetty and Undertow

1.0.0

JAX-RS

2.x, 3.x

The transactions are named based on your resources (ResourceClass#resourceMethod). Note that only the packages configured in application_packages are scanned for JAX-RS resources. If you don’t set this option, all classes are scanned. This comes at the cost of increased startup times, however.

Note: JAX-RS is only supported when running on a supported Application Server/Servlet Container.

1.0.0, jakarta.ws.rs since 1.28.0

JAX-WS

The transactions are named based on your @javax.jws.WebService, @jakarta.jws.WebService annotated classes and @javax.jws.WebMethod, @jakarta.jws.WebMethod annotated method names (WebServiceClass#webMethod). Note that only the packages configured in application_packages are scanned for JAX-WS resources. If you don’t set this option, all classes are scanned. This comes at the cost of increased startup times, however.

Note: JAX-WS is only supported when running on a supported Application Server/Servlet Container and when using the HTTP binding.

1.4.0, jakarta.jws since 1.28.0

Grails

3+

1.17.0

Apache Struts

2.x

The transactions are named based on your action (ActionClass#actionMethod).

1.24.0

Vert.x Web

3.6+

Captures incoming HTTP requests as transactions

1.24.0 (experimental)

Sparkjava (not Apache Spark)

2.x

The transactions are named based on your route (GET /foo/:bar).

1.25.0

com.sun.net.httpserver.HttpServer

1.7+

Captures incoming HTTP requests as transactions

1.25.0

Javalin

3.13.8+

1.25.0

Java API for WebSocket

1.0

Captures methods annotated with @OnOpen, @OnMessage, @OnError, or @OnClose as transactions for classes that are annotated with @ServerEndpoint.

1.29.0

Application Servers/Servlet Containersedit

The Elastic APM Java agent has generic support for the Servlet API 3+. However, some servers require special handling. The servers listed here are tested by an integration test suite to make sure Elastic APM is compatible with them. Other Servlet 3+ compliant servers will most likely work as well.

Server Supported versions

Tomcat

7.x, 8.5.x, 9.x, 10.x

WildFly

8-16

JBoss EAP

6.4, 7.0, 7.1, 7.2

Jetty (only the ServletContextHandler is supported)

9.2, 9.3, 9.4

WebSphere Liberty

8.5.5, 18.0.x

Undertow Servlet

1.4

Payara

4.x, 5.x

Oracle WebLogic

12.2

Data Storesedit

Database Supported versions Description Since

JDBC

4.1+

The agent automatically creates DB spans for all your JDBC queries. This includes JDBC queries executed by O/R mappers like Hibernate.

Note: Make sure that your JDBC driver is at least compiled for Java 1.4. Drivers compiled with a lower version are not supported. IBM DB2 db2jcc drivers are also not supported. Please update to db2jcc4.

1.0.0

Elasticsearch Java REST and API clients

5.0.2+

The agent automatically creates Elasticsearch spans for queries done through the official REST client.

1.0.0, async since 1.5.0, API Client since 1.32.0

Hibernate Search

5.x (on by default), 6.x (off by default)

The agent automatically creates Hibernate Search spans for queries done through the Hibernate Search API.

Note: this feature is marked as experimental for version 6.x, which means it is off by default. In order to enable, set the disable_instrumentations ( [1.0.0] Added in 1.0.0. Changing this value at runtime is possible since version 1.15.0 ) config option to an empty string

1.9.0

Redis Jedis

1.4.0-4.x

The agent creates spans for interactions with the Jedis client.

1.10.0, 4.x since 1.31.0

Redis Lettuce

3.4+

The agent creates spans for interactions with the Lettuce client.

1.13.0

Redis Redisson

2.1.5+

The agent creates spans for interactions with the Redisson client.

1.15.0

MongoDB driver

3.x

The agent creates spans for interactions with the MongoDB driver. At the moment, only the synchronous driver (mongo-java-driver) is supported. The asynchronous and reactive drivers are currently not supported.

The name of the span is <db>.<collection>.<command>. The actual query will not be recorded.

1.12.0

Cassandra

2.x+

1.23.0

Networking frameworksedit

Distributed tracing will only work if you are using one of the supported networking frameworks.

For the supported HTTP libraries, the agent automatically creates spans for outgoing HTTP requests and propagates tracing headers. The spans are named after the schema <method> <host>, for example GET elastic.co.

Framework Supported versions Note Since

Apache HttpClient

4.3+

0.7.0

Apache HttpAsyncClient

4.0+

1.6.0

Spring RestTemplate

3.1.1+

0.7.0

OkHttp

2, 3, 4 (4.4+ since 1.22.0)

1.4.0 (synchronous calls via Call#execute()) 1.5.0 (async calls via Call#enquene(Callback))

HttpUrlConnection

1.4.0

JAX-WS client

JAX-WS clients created via javax.xml.ws.Service inherently support context propagation as they are using HttpUrlConnection underneath.

1.4.0

AsyncHttpClient

2.x

1.7.0

Apache Dubbo

2.5+, except for 2.7.0, 2.7.1, and 2.7.2

1.17.0

JDK 11 HttpClient

1.18.0

Vert.x WebClient

3.6+

1.25.0

Spring Webclient

5.2.3+

1.33.0 (experimental)

Asynchronous frameworksedit

When a Span is created in a different Thread than its parent, the trace context has to be propagated onto this thread.

This section lists all supported asynchronous frameworks.

Framework Supported versions Description Since

ExecutorService

The agent propagates the context for ExecutorService s.

1.4.0

ScheduledExecutorService

The agent propagates the context for ScheduledExecutorService#schedule (this does not include scheduleAtFixedRate or scheduleWithFixedDelay.

1.17.0

ForkJoinPool

The agent propagates the context for ForkJoinPool s.

1.17.0

Scala Future

2.13.x

The agent propagates the context when using the scala.concurrent.Future or scala.concurrent.Promise. It will propagate the context when using chaining methods such as map, flatMap, traverse, …​ NOTE: To enable Scala Future support, you need to enable experimental plugins.

1.18.0

Reactor

3.2.x+

The agent propagates the context for Flux and Mono.

1.24.0 (experimental)

Messaging frameworksedit

When using a messaging framework, sender context is propagated so that receiver events are correlated to the same trace.

Framework Supported versions Description Since

JMS

1.1, 2.0

The agent captures JMS sends and receives as spans/transactions

javax.jms since 1.13.0, jakarta.jms since 1.28.0

Kafka

<0.11.0 - without distributed tracing; 0.11.0+ - full support

The agent captures Kafka record sends and polls. Kafka streams are not traced.

1.13.0

RabbitMQ

3.x - 5.x

The agent captures RabbitMQ Message sends, consumption and polling

1.20.0

Distributed Tracingedit

The Java agent instrumentation for messaging system clients includes both senders and receivers. When an instrumented client sends a message within a traced transaction, a send span is created. In addition, if the messaging system supports message/record headers/annotations, the agent would add the tracecontext headers to enable distributed tracing.

On the receiver side, instrumented clients will attempt to create the proper distributed trace linkage in one of several ways, depending on how messages are received:

  • Passive message handling: when the message handling logic is applied by implementing a passive message listener API (like javax.jms.MessageListener#onMessage for example), creating the receiver transaction is mostly straightforward as the instrumented API method invocation encapsulates message handling. Still, there are two use cases to consider:

    • Single message handling: when the message listener API accepts a single message, the agent would create a messaging typed transaction per each received message, as a child transaction of the send span that corresponds the received message and with the same trace ID
    • Batch message handling: when the message listener API accepts a batch of messages (like org.springframework.amqp.core.MessageListener.onMessageBatch for example), the agent will create a single root transaction (i.e. different trace ID from any of the send spans) by default to encapsulate the entire batch handling. The batch processing transaction would be of messaging type, containing links* to all send spans that correspond the messages in the batch. This can be changed through the (non-documented) message_batch_strategy config option, which accepts either BATCH_HANDLING (default) or SINGLE_HANDLING to enable the creation of a single child transaction per message.
  • Active message polling: in some cases, message are consumed from the broker through active polling. Whenever the polling action occurs while there is already an active span, the agent will create a poll span and add span links* to it for each message returned by the poll action that contains tracecontext headers. Since such polling APIs don’t provide any indication as to when message handling actually occurs, the agent needs to apply some heuristics in order to trace message handling. There are two use cases to consider in this type of message receiving as well:

    • Polling returns a single message: in such cases, the agent may apply assumptions with regard to the threads that execute the message handling logic in order to determine when handling starts and ends. Based on that, it would create a transaction per consumed message. If the consumed message contains the tracecontext headers, the receive transaction will be a child of the corresponding send span.
    • Polling returns a message batch: typically, in such cases the agent will wrap the message collection and rely on the actual iteration to create a transaction per message as the child of the corresponding send span and as part of the same trace. If iteration occurs while there is already an active span, then the agent will add a link* for each message send span to the active (parent) span instead of creating transaction/span per message.

* Span links are supported by APM Server and Kibana since version 8.3 and by the Java agent since version 1.32.0

RabbitMQ Specificsedit

  • context.message.queue.name field will contain queue name when using polling, exchange name otherwise.
  • context.message.destination.resource field will contain rabbitmq/XXX where XXX is exchange name.

Some exchange/queue names are normalized in order to keep low cardinality and user-friendlyness - default exchange is indicated with <default>. - null exchange is normalized to <unknown>, for example when polling without a message. - generated queues whose name start with amq.gen- are normalized to amq.gen-*.

Scheduling frameworksedit

When using a scheduling framework a transaction for every execution will be created.

Framework Supported versions Description Since

Scheduling Annotation

The agent instruments any method defined in a package configured in application_packages and annotated with one of the following: org.springframework.scheduling.annotation.Scheduled org.springframework.scheduling.annotation.Schedules javax.ejb.Schedule javax.ejb.Schedules jakarta.ejb.Schedule jakarta.ejb.Schedules in order to create a transaction with the type scheduled, representing the scheduled task execution

1.6.0, jakarta.ejb.Schedule since 1.28.0

Quartz

1.0+

The agent instruments the execute method of any class implementing org.quartz.Job, as well as the executeInternal method of any class extending org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.QuartzJobBean, and creates a transaction with the type scheduled, representing the job execution

NOTE: only classes from the quartz-jobs dependency will be instrumented automatically. For the instrumentation of other jobs the package must be added to the application_packages parameter.

1.8.0 - 2.0+

1.26.0 - 1.0+

TimerTask

The agent instruments the run method in a package configured in application_packages of any class extending java.util.TimerTask, and creates a transaction with the type scheduled, representing the job execution

1.18.0

Logging frameworksedit

Framework Supported versions Description Since

slf4j

1.4.1+

Automatically captures exceptions for logger.error("message", exception) calls (since 1.10.0). When doing so, the ID corresponding the captured error (error.id) is added to the MDC as well (since 1.16.0).

1.10.0

log4j2

Trace correlation - 2.0+

ECS Reformatting - 2.6+

The agent adds ThreadContext entries for active trace.id, transaction.id and error.id.

The agent sets the service name for the EcsLayout if not provided explicitly (since 1.29.0).

When log_ecs_reformatting is enabled, logs will be automatically reformatted into ECS-compatible format (since 1.22.0, experimental)

Automatically captures exceptions for logger.error("message", exception) calls. When doing so, the ID corresponding the captured error (error.id) is added to the MDC as well (since 1.16.0).

Trace correlation - 1.13.0

Error capturing - 1.10.0

ECS Service Name - 1.29.0

ECS Reformatting - 1.22.0

log4j1

Trace correlation and error capture - 1.x

ECS Reformatting - 1.2.17

The agent adds MDC entries for active trace.id, transaction.id and error.id.

When log_ecs_reformatting is enabled, logs will be automatically reformatted into ECS-compatible format (since 1.22.0, experimental)

Automatically captures exceptions for logger.error("message", exception) calls. When doing so, the ID corresponding the captured error (error.id) is added to the MDC as well.

Trace correlation - 1.13.0

ECS Reformatting - 1.22.0

Error capturing - 1.30.0

Logback

1.1.0+

The agent adds slf4j MDC entries for active trace.id, transaction.id and error.id.

When log_ecs_reformatting is enabled, logs will be automatically reformatted into ECS-compatible format (since 1.22.0, experimental)

Trace correlation - 1.0.0

ECS Reformatting - 1.22.0

JBoss Logging

3.0.0+

The agent adds MDC entries for trace.id, transaction.id and error.id.

1.23.0

JBoss LogManager - 1.30.0

JUL - java.util.logging

All supported Java versions

When log_ecs_reformatting is enabled, logs will be automatically reformatted into ECS-compatible format

1.31.0

Process frameworksedit

Framework Supported versions Description Since

java.lang.Process

Instruments java.lang.Process execution. Java 9 API using ProcessHandler is not supported yet.

1.13.0

Apache commons-exec

1.3

Async process support through org.apache.commons.exec.DefaultExecutor and subclasses instrumentation.

1.13.0

RPC frameworksedit

Framework Supported versions Description Since

gRPC

1.6.1+

Client (synchronous & asynchronous) & Server instrumentation. Streaming calls are currently not instrumented.

1.16.0

AWS Lambda runtimesedit

AWS Lambda provides multiple JVM base images. Only those that support the AWS_LAMBDA_EXEC_WRAPPER environment variables are supported out of the box.

Running with unsupported images is still possible but requires providing agent configuration through environment variables explicitly.

Tags Java Runtime Operating System Supported

11

Java 11 (Corretto)

Amazon Linux 2

yes

8.al2

Java 8 (Corretto)

Amazon Linux 2

yes

8

Java 8 (OpenJDK)

Amazon Linux 2018.03

no

Java method monitoringedit

If you are seeing gaps in the span timeline and want to include additional methods, there are several options. See How to find slow methods for more information.

Metricsedit

Framework Description Since

Built-in metrics

The agent sends various system, JVM, and application metrics. See the metrics documentation.

1.3.0

JMX

Set the configuration option capture_jmx_metrics in order to monitor any JMX metric.

1.11.0

Micrometer (beta)

Automatically detects and reports the metrics of each MeterRegistry. See Micrometer metrics for more details.

1.18.0

Caveatsedit

  • Other JVM languages, like Scala, Kotlin and Groovy have not been tested yet.
  • The agent does currently not support running on JVMs with an enabled SecurityManager. You may see exceptions like this: java.security.AccessControlException: access denied ("java.lang.RuntimePermission" "getProtectionDomain"). Try to grant java.security.AllPermission to the agent.