The Elasticsearch-PHP client supports two security features: HTTP Authentication and SSL encryption.
If your Elasticsearch server is protected by HTTP Authentication, you need to provide the credentials to ES-PHP so that requests can be authenticated server-side. Authentication credentials are provided as part of the host array when instantiating the client:
$hosts = [ 'http://user:pass@localhost:9200', // HTTP Basic Authentication 'http://user2:firstname.lastname@example.org:9200' // Different credentials on different host ]; $client = ClientBuilder::create() ->setHosts($hosts) ->build();
Credentials are provided per-host, which allows each host to have their own set of credentials. All requests sent to the cluster will use the appropriate credentials depending on the node being talked to.
Configuring SSL is a little more complex. You need to identify if your certificate has been signed by a public Certificate Authority (CA), or if it is a self-signed certificate.
A note on libcurl version
If you believe the client is configured to correctly use SSL, but it simply is not working, check your libcurl
version. On certain platforms, various features may or may not be available depending on version number of libcurl.
For example, the
--cacert option was not added to the OSX version of libcurl until version 7.37.1. The
option is equivalent to PHP’s
CURLOPT_CAINFO constant, meaning that custom certificate paths will not work on lower
If you are encountering problems, update your libcurl version and/or check the curl changelog.
If your certificate has been signed by a public Certificate Authority and your server has up-to-date root certificates,
you only need to use
https in the host path. The client will automatically verify SSL certificates:
If your server has out-dated root certificates, you may need to use a certificate bundle. For PHP clients, the best way is to use composer/ca-bundle. Once installed, you need to tell the client to use your certificates instead of the system-wide bundle. To do this, specify the path to verify:
$hosts = ['https://localhost:9200']; $caBundle = \Composer\CaBundle\CaBundle::getBundledCaBundlePath(); $client = ClientBuilder::create() ->setHosts($hosts) ->setSSLVerification($caBundle) ->build();
Self-signed certificates are certs that have not been signed by a public CA. They are signed by your own organization. Self-signed certificates are often used for internal purposes, when you can securely spread the root certificate yourself. It should not be used when being exposed to public consumers, since this leaves the client vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks.
If you are using a self-signed certificate, you need to provide the certificate to the client. This is the same syntax as specifying a new root bundle, but instead you point to your certificate:
$hosts = ['https://localhost:9200']; $myCert = 'path/to/cacert.pem'; $client = ClientBuilder::create() ->setHosts($hosts) ->setSSLVerification($myCert) ->build();
It is possible to use HTTP authentication with SSL. Simply specify
https in the URI, configure SSL settings as
required and provide authentication credentials. For example, this snippet will authenticate using Basic HTTP auth
and a self-signed certificate:
$hosts = ['https://user:pass@localhost:9200']; $myCert = 'path/to/cacert.pem'; $client = ClientBuilder::create() ->setHosts($hosts) ->setSSLVerification($myCert) ->build();