Alerting and action settings in Kibanaedit

Alerts and actions are enabled by default in Kibana, but require you configure the following in order to use them:

You can configure the following settings in the kibana.yml file.

General settingsedit

xpack.encryptedSavedObjects .encryptionKey

A string of 32 or more characters used to encrypt sensitive properties on alerting rules and actions before they’re stored in Elasticsearch. Third party credentials — such as the username and password used to connect to an SMTP service — are an example of encrypted properties.

Kibana offers a CLI tool to help generate this encryption key.

If not set, Kibana will generate a random key on startup, but all alerting and action functions will be blocked. Generated keys are not allowed for alerting and actions because when a new key is generated on restart, existing encrypted data becomes inaccessible. For the same reason, alerting and actions in high-availability deployments of Kibana will behave unexpectedly if the key isn’t the same on all instances of Kibana.

Although the key can be specified in clear text in kibana.yml, it’s recommended to store this key securely in the Kibana Keystore. Be sure to back up the encryption key value somewhere safe, as your alerting rules and actions will cease to function due to decryption failures should you lose it. If you want to rotate the encryption key, be sure to follow the instructions on encryption key rotation.

Action settingsedit

xpack.actions.enabled

Feature toggle that enables Actions in Kibana. Default: true.

xpack.actions.allowedHosts logo cloud

A list of hostnames that Kibana is allowed to connect to when built-in actions are triggered. It defaults to [*], allowing any host, but keep in mind the potential for SSRF attacks when hosts are not explicitly added to the allowed hosts. An empty list [] can be used to block built-in actions from making any external connections.

Note that hosts associated with built-in actions, such as Slack and PagerDuty, are not automatically added to allowed hosts. If you are not using the default [*] setting, you must ensure that the corresponding endpoints are added to the allowed hosts as well.

xpack.actions.customHostSettings logo cloud

A list of custom host settings to override existing global settings. Default: an empty list.

Each entry in the list must have a url property, to associate a connection type (mail or https), hostname and port with the remaining options in the entry.
In the following example, two custom host settings are defined. The first provides a custom host setting for mail server mail.example.com using port 465 that supplies server certificate authorization data from both a file and inline, and requires TLS for the connection. The second provides a custom host setting for https server webhook.example.com which turns off server certificate authorization.

xpack.actions.customHostSettings:
  - url: smtp://mail.example.com:465
    ssl:
      verificationMode: 'full'
      certificateAuthoritiesFiles: [ 'one.crt' ]
      certificateAuthoritiesData: |
          -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
          ... multiple lines of certificate data here ...
          -----END CERTIFICATE-----
    smtp:
      requireTLS: true
  - url: https://webhook.example.com
    ssl:
      // legacy
      rejectUnauthorized: false
      verificationMode: 'none'

xpack.actions.customHostSettings[n] .url logo cloud

A URL associated with this custom host setting. Should be in the form of protocol://hostname:port, where protocol is https or smtp. If the port is not provided, 443 is used for https and 25 is used for smtp. The smtp URLs are used for the Email actions that use this server, and the https URLs are used for actions which use https to connect to services.

Entries with https URLs can use the ssl options, and entries with smtp URLs can use both the ssl and smtp options.

No other URL values should be part of this URL, including paths, query strings, and authentication information. When an http or smtp request is made as part of executing an action, only the protocol, hostname, and port of the URL for that request are used to look up these configuration values.

xpack.actions.customHostSettings[n] .smtp.ignoreTLS logo cloud

A boolean value indicating that TLS must not be used for this connection. The options smtp.ignoreTLS and smtp.requireTLS can not both be set to true.

xpack.actions.customHostSettings[n] .smtp.requireTLS logo cloud

A boolean value indicating that TLS must be used for this connection. The options smtp.ignoreTLS and smtp.requireTLS can not both be set to true.

xpack.actions.customHostSettings[n] .ssl.rejectUnauthorized

Deprecated. Use xpack.actions.customHostSettings.ssl.verificationMode instead. A boolean value indicating whether to bypass server certificate validation. Overrides the general xpack.actions.rejectUnauthorized configuration for requests made for this hostname/port.

xpack.actions.customHostSettings[n] .ssl.verificationMode logo cloud

Controls the verification of the server certificate that Elastic Maps Server receives when making an outbound SSL/TLS connection to the host server. Valid values are full, certificate, and none. Use full to perform hostname verification, certificate to skip hostname verification, and none to skip verification. Default: full. Equivalent Kibana setting. Overrides the general xpack.actions.ssl.verificationMode configuration for requests made for this hostname/port.

xpack.actions.customHostSettings[n] .ssl.certificateAuthoritiesFiles

A file name or list of file names of PEM-encoded certificate files to use to validate the server.

xpack.actions.customHostSettings[n] .ssl.certificateAuthoritiesData logo cloud

The contents of a PEM-encoded certificate file, or multiple files appended into a single string. This configuration can be used for environments where the files cannot be made available.

xpack.actions.enabledActionTypes logo cloud

A list of action types that are enabled. It defaults to [*], enabling all types. The names for built-in Kibana action types are prefixed with a . and include: .server-log, .slack, .email, .index, .pagerduty, and .webhook. An empty list [] will disable all action types.

Disabled action types will not appear as an option when creating new connectors, but existing connectors and actions of that type will remain in Kibana and will not function.

xpack.actions .preconfiguredAlertHistoryEsIndex logo cloud

Enables a preconfigured alert history Elasticsearch Index connector. Default: false.

xpack.actions.preconfigured

Specifies preconfigured connector IDs and configs. Default: {}.

xpack.actions.proxyUrl logo cloud

Specifies the proxy URL to use, if using a proxy for actions. By default, no proxy is used.

xpack.actions.proxyBypassHosts logo cloud

Specifies hostnames which should not use the proxy, if using a proxy for actions. The value is an array of hostnames as strings. By default, all hosts will use the proxy, but if an action’s hostname is in this list, the proxy will not be used. The settings xpack.actions.proxyBypassHosts and xpack.actions.proxyOnlyHosts cannot be used at the same time.

xpack.actions.proxyOnlyHosts logo cloud

Specifies hostnames which should only use the proxy, if using a proxy for actions. The value is an array of hostnames as strings. By default, no hosts will use the proxy, but if an action’s hostname is in this list, the proxy will be used. The settings xpack.actions.proxyBypassHosts and xpack.actions.proxyOnlyHosts cannot be used at the same time.

xpack.actions.proxyHeaders logo cloud

Specifies HTTP headers for the proxy, if using a proxy for actions. Default: {}.

xpack.actions. proxyRejectUnauthorizedCertificates logo cloud

Deprecated. Use xpack.actions.ssl.proxyVerificationMode instead. Set to false to bypass certificate validation for the proxy, if using a proxy for actions. Default: true.

xpack.actions[n] .ssl.proxyVerificationMode logo cloud

Controls the verification for the proxy server certificate that Elastic Maps Server receives when making an outbound SSL/TLS connection to the proxy server. Valid values are full, certificate, and none. Use full to perform hostname verification, certificate to skip hostname verification, and none to skip verification. Default: full. Equivalent Kibana setting.

xpack.actions.rejectUnauthorized logo cloud

Deprecated. Use xpack.actions.ssl.verificationMode instead. Set to false to bypass certificate validation for actions. Default: true.

As an alternative to setting xpack.actions.rejectUnauthorized, you can use the setting xpack.actions.customHostSettings to set SSL options for specific servers.

xpack.actions[n] .ssl.verificationMode logo cloud

Controls the verification for the server certificate that Elastic Maps Server receives when making an outbound SSL/TLS connection for actions. Valid values are full, certificate, and none. Use full to perform hostname verification, certificate to skip hostname verification, and none to skip verification. Default: full. Equivalent Kibana setting.

As an alternative to setting xpack.actions.ssl.verificationMode, you can use the setting xpack.actions.customHostSettings to set SSL options for specific servers.

xpack.actions.maxResponseContentLength logo cloud

Specifies the max number of bytes of the http response for requests to external resources. Default: 1000000 (1MB).

xpack.actions.responseTimeout logo cloud

Specifies the time allowed for requests to external resources. Requests that take longer are aborted. The time is formatted as:

<count>[ms,s,m,h,d,w,M,Y]

For example, 20m, 24h, 7d, 1w. Default: 60s.

Alerting settingsedit

You do not need to configure any additional settings to use alerting in Kibana.