Google Cloud Platform moduleedit

This functionality is in beta and is subject to change. The design and code is less mature than official GA features and is being provided as-is with no warranties. Beta features are not subject to the support SLA of official GA features.

This module periodically fetches monitoring metrics from Google Cloud Platform using Stackdriver Monitoring API for Google Cloud Platform services.

Extra GCP charges on Stackdriver Monitoring API requests may be generated by this module. Please see rough estimation of the number of API calls for more details.

Module config and parametersedit

This is a list of the possible module parameters you can tune:

  • zone: A single string with the zone you want to monitor like us-central1-a. Or you can specific a partial zone name like us-central1- or us-central1-*, which will monitor all zones start with us-central1-: us-central1-a, us-central1-b, us-central1-c and us-central1-f. Please see GCP zones for zones that are available in GCP.
  • region: A single string with the region you want to monitor like us-central1. This will enable monitoring for all zones under this region. Or you can specific a partial region name like us-east or us-east*, which will monitor all regions start with us-east: us-east1 and us-east4. If both region and zone are configured, only region will be used. Please see GCP regions for regions that are available in GCP. If both region and zone are not specified, metrics will be collected from all regions/zones.
  • project_id: A single string with your GCP Project ID
  • credentials_file_path: A single string pointing to the JSON file path reachable by Metricbeat that you have created using IAM.
  • exclude_labels: (true/false default false) Do not extract extra labels and metadata information from metricsets and fetch metrics only. At the moment, labels and metadata extraction is only supported in compute metricset.
  • period: A single time duration specified for this module collection frequency.

Example configurationedit

  • compute metricset is enabled to collect metrics from us-central1-a zone in elastic-observability project.

    - module: gcp
      metricsets:
        - compute
      zone: "us-central1-a"
      project_id: "elastic-observability"
      credentials_file_path: "your JSON credentials file path"
      exclude_labels: false
      period: 60s
  • compute and pubsub metricsets are enabled to collect metrics from all zones under us-central1 region in elastic-observability project.

    - module: gcp
      metricsets:
        - compute
        - pubsub
      region: "us-central1"
      project_id: "elastic-observability"
      credentials_file_path: "your JSON credentials file path"
      exclude_labels: false
      period: 60s
  • compute metricset is enabled to collect metrics from all regions starts with us-west in elastic-observability project, which includes all zones under us-west1, us-west2, us-west3 and us-west4.

    - module: gcp
      metricsets:
        - compute
        - pubsub
      region: "us-west"
      project_id: "elastic-observability"
      credentials_file_path: "your JSON credentials file path"
      exclude_labels: false
      period: 60s

Authentication, authorization and permissions.edit

Authentication and authorization in Google Cloud Platform can be achieved in many ways. For the current version of the Google Cloud Platform module for Metricbeat, the only supported method is using Service Account JSON files. A typical JSON with a private key looks like this:

Example Credentialsedit

{
  "type": "service_account",
  "project_id": "your-project-id",
  "private_key_id": "a_private_key_id",
  "private_key": "-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----your private key\n-----END PRIVATE KEY-----\n",
  "client_email": "some-email@your-project-id.iam.gserviceaccount.com",
  "client_id": "123456",
  "auth_uri": "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth",
  "token_uri": "https://oauth2.googleapis.com/token",
  "auth_provider_x509_cert_url": "https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v1/certs",
  "client_x509_cert_url": "https://www.googleapis.com/robot/v1/metadata/x509/metricbeat-testing%40your-project-id.iam.gserviceaccount.com"
}

Generally, you have to create a Service Account and assign it the following roles or the permissions described on each role (applies to all metricsets):

  • Compute Viewer (1 permission in use of 138):

    • monitoring.metricDescriptors.list
    • monitoring.timeSeries.list
  • Monitoring Viewer (2 permissions in use of 13)

    • compute.instances.get

You can play in IAM pretty much with your service accounts and Instance level access to your resources (for example, allowing that everything running in an Instance is authorized to use the Compute API). The module uses Google Cloud Platform libraries for authentication so many possibilities are open but the Module is only supported by using the method mentioned above.

Google Cloud Platform module: Under the hoodedit

Google Cloud Platform offers the Stackdriver Monitoring API to fetch metrics from its services. Those metrics are retrieved one by one.

If you also want to extract service labels (by setting exclude_labels to false, which is the default state). You also make a new API check on the corresponding service. Service labels requires a new API call to extract those metrics. In the worst case the number of API calls will be doubled. In the best case, all metrics come from the same GCP entity and 100% of the required information is included in the first API call (which is cached for subsequent calls).

If period value is set to 5-minute and sample period of the metric type is 60-second, then this module will collect data from this metric type once every 5 minutes with aggregation. GCP monitoring data has a up to 240 seconds latency, which means latest monitoring data will be up to 4 minutes old. Please see Latency of GCP Monitoring Metric Data for more details. In gcp module, metrics are collected based on this ingest delay, which is also obtained from ListMetricDescriptors API.

Rough estimation of the number of API callsedit

Google Cloud Platform pricing depends of the number of requests you do to their API’s. Here you have some information that you can use to make an estimation of the pricing you should expect. For example, imagine that you have a Compute Metricset activated and you don’t want to exclude labels. You have a total of 20 instances running in a particular GCP project, region and zone.

For example, if Compute Metricset fetches 14 metrics (which is the number of metrics fetched in the early beta version). Each of those metrics will attempt an API call to Compute API to retrieve also their metadata. Because you have 20 different instances, the total number of API calls that will be done on each refresh period are: 14 metrics + 20 instances = 34 API requests every 5 minutes if that is your current Period. 9792 API requests per day with one zone. If you add 2 zones more with the same amount of instances you’ll have 19584 API requests per day (9792 on each zone) or around 587520 per month for the Compute Metricset. This maths must be done for each different Metricset with slight variations.

Metricsetsedit

Currently, we have billing, compute, loadbalancing, pubsub, metrics and storage metricset in gcp module.

billingedit

This metricset fetches billing metrics from GCP BigQuery Cloud Billing allows users to export billing data into BigQuery automatically throughout the day. This metricset gets access to the daily cost detail table periodically to export billing metrics for further analysis.

The billing metricset comes with a predefined dashboard:

metricbeat gcp billing overview

computeedit

This metricset fetches metrics from Compute Engine Virtual Machines in Google Cloud Platform. The compute metricset contains some of the metrics exported from the GCP Compute Monitoring API. Extra labels and metadata are also extracted using the Compute API. This is enough to get most of the info associated with a metric like compute labels and metadata and metric specific Labels.

The compute metricset comes with a predefined dashboard:

metricbeat gcp compute overview

loadbalancingedit

This metricset fetches metrics from Load Balancing in Google Cloud Platform. The loadbalancing metricset contains all metrics exported from the GCP Load Balancing Monitoring API.

The loadbalancing metricset comes with two predefined dashboards:

HTTPSedit

For HTTPS load balancing: image::./images/metricbeat-gcp-load-balancing-https-overview.png[]

L3edit

For L3 load balancing: image::./images/metricbeat-gcp-load-balancing-l3-overview.png[]

TCP/SSL/Proxyedit

For TCP/SSL/Proxy load balancing: image::./images/metricbeat-gcp-load-balancing-tcp-ssl-proxy-overview.png[]

pubsubedit

This metricset fetches metrics from Pub/Sub topics and subscriptions in Google Cloud Platform. The pubsub metricset contains all GA stage metrics exported from the GCP PubSub Monitoring API.

The pubsub metricset comes with a predefined dashboard:

metricbeat gcp pubsub overview

metricsedit

metrics metricset uses Google Cloud Operations/Stackdriver, which provides visibility into the performance, uptime, and overall health of cloud-powered applications. It collects metrics, events, and metadata from different services from Google Cloud. This metricset is to collect monitoring metrics from Google Cloud using ListTimeSeries API.

storageedit

This metricset fetches metrics from Storage in Google Cloud Platform. The storage metricset contains all GA metrics exported from the GCP Storage Monitoring API.

We recommend users to define period: 5m for this metricset because in Google Cloud, storage monitoring metrics are written every 5-minute sample period with a 10-minute ingest delay.

The storage metricset comes with a predefined dashboard:

metricbeat gcp storage overview

Example configurationedit

The Google Cloud Platform module supports the standard configuration options that are described in Modules. Here is an example configuration:

metricbeat.modules:
- module: gcp
  metricsets:
    - compute
  region: "us-"
  project_id: "your project id"
  credentials_file_path: "your JSON credentials file path"
  exclude_labels: false
  period: 1m

- module: gcp
  metricsets:
    - pubsub
    - loadbalancing
  zone: "us-central1-a"
  project_id: "your project id"
  credentials_file_path: "your JSON credentials file path"
  exclude_labels: false
  period: 1m

- module: gcp
  metricsets:
    - storage
  project_id: "your project id"
  credentials_file_path: "your JSON credentials file path"
  exclude_labels: false
  period: 5m

- module: gcp
  metricsets:
    - metrics
  project_id: "your project id"
  credentials_file_path: "your JSON credentials file path"
  exclude_labels: false
  period: 1m
  metrics:
    - aligner: ALIGN_NONE
      service: compute
      metric_types:
        - "instance/cpu/reserved_cores"
        - "instance/cpu/usage_time"
        - "instance/cpu/utilization"
        - "instance/uptime"

- module: gcp
  metricsets:
    - billing
  period: 24h
  project_id: "your project id"
  credentials_file_path: "your JSON credentials file path"
  dataset_id: "dataset id"
  table_pattern: "table pattern"
  cost_type: "regular"

Metricsetsedit

The following metricsets are available: