Security privilegesedit

This section lists the privileges that you can assign to a role.

Cluster privilegesedit

all

All cluster administration operations, like snapshotting, node shutdown/restart, settings update, rerouting, or managing users and roles.

create_snapshot

Privileges to create snapshots for existing repositories. Can also list and view details on existing repositories and snapshots.

grant_api_key

Privileges to create Elasticsearch API keys on behalf of other users.

monitor_snapshot

Privileges to list and view details on existing repositories and snapshots.

manage

Builds on monitor and adds cluster operations that change values in the cluster. This includes snapshotting, updating settings, and rerouting. It also includes obtaining snapshot and restore status. This privilege does not include the ability to manage security.

manage_api_key

All security-related operations on Elasticsearch API keys including creating new API keys, retrieving information about API keys, and invalidating API keys.

  • When you create new API keys, they will always be owned by the authenticated user.
  • When you have this privilege, you can invalidate your own API keys and those owned by other users.

manage_ccr

All cross-cluster replication operations related to managing follower indices and auto-follow patterns. It also includes the authority to grant the privileges necessary to manage follower indices and auto-follow patterns. This privilege is necessary only on clusters that contain follower indices.

manage_ilm

All index lifecycle management operations related to managing policies.

manage_index_templates

All operations on index templates.

manage_ingest_pipelines

All operations on ingest node pipelines.

manage_logstash_pipelines

All operations on logstash pipelines.

manage_ml

All machine learning operations, such as creating and deleting datafeeds, jobs, and model snapshots.

Datafeeds that were created prior to version 6.2 or created when security features were disabled run as a system user with elevated privileges, including permission to read all indices. Newer datafeeds run with the security roles of the user who created or updated them.

manage_oidc

Enables the use of Elasticsearch APIs (OpenID connect prepare authentication, OpenID connect authenticate, and OpenID connect logout) to initiate and manage OpenID Connect authentication on behalf of other users.

manage_own_api_key

All security-related operations on Elasticsearch API keys that are owned by the current authenticated user. The operations include creating new API keys, retrieving information about API keys, and invalidating API keys.

manage_pipeline

All operations on ingest pipelines.

manage_rollup

All rollup operations. Includes legacy rollup operations, such as creating, starting, stopping and deleting rollup jobs.

manage_saml

Enables the use of internal Elasticsearch APIs to initiate and manage SAML authentication on behalf of other users.

manage_security

All security-related operations such as CRUD operations on users and roles and cache clearing.

manage_slm

All snapshot lifecycle management (SLM) actions, including creating and updating policies and starting and stopping SLM.

manage_token

All security-related operations on tokens that are generated by the Elasticsearch Token Service.

manage_transform

All operations related to managing transforms.

manage_watcher

All watcher operations, such as putting watches, executing, activate or acknowledging.

Watches that were created prior to version 6.1 or created when the security features were disabled run as a system user with elevated privileges, including permission to read and write all indices. Newer watches run with the security roles of the user who created or updated them.

monitor

All cluster read-only operations, like cluster health and state, hot threads, node info, node and cluster stats, and pending cluster tasks.

monitor_transform

All read-only operations related to transforms.

monitor_ml

All read-only machine learning operations, such as getting information about datafeeds, jobs, model snapshots, or results.

monitor_rollup

All read-only operations for legacy rollups, such as viewing the list of historical and currently running rollup jobs and their capabilities.

monitor_watcher

All read-only watcher operations, such as getting a watch and watcher stats.

read_ccr

All read-only cross-cluster replication operations, such as getting information about indices and metadata for leader indices in the cluster. It also includes the authority to check whether users have the appropriate privileges to follow leader indices. This privilege is necessary only on clusters that contain leader indices.

read_ilm

All read-only index lifecycle management operations, such as getting policies and checking the status of index lifecycle management

read_slm

All read-only SLM actions, such as getting policies and checking the SLM status.

transport_client

All privileges necessary for a transport client to connect. Required by the remote cluster to enable cross-cluster search.

Indices privilegesedit

all

Any action on an index or data stream.

auto_configure

Permits auto-creation of indices and data streams. An auto-create action is the result of an index or bulk request that targets a non-existent index or data stream rather than an explicit create index or create data stream request. Also permits auto-update of mappings on indices and data streams if they do not contradict existing mappings. An auto-update mapping action is the result of an index or bulk request on an index or data stream that contains new fields that may be mapped rather than an explicit put mapping request.

create

Privilege to index documents. Also grants access to the update mapping action.

This privilege does not restrict the index operation to the creation of documents but instead restricts API use to the index API. The index API allows a user to overwrite a previously indexed document. See the create_doc privilege for an alternative.

create_doc

Privilege to index documents. Also grants access to the update mapping action. However, it does not enable a user to update existing documents.

This privilege relies on the op_type of indexing requests (Index and Bulk). When ingesting documents as a user who has the create_doc privilege (and no higher privilege such as index or write), you must ensure that op_type is set to create through one of the following:

  • Explicitly setting the op_type in the index or bulk APIs
  • Using the _create endpoint for the index API
  • Creating a document with an auto-generated _id

create_index

Privilege to create an index or data stream. A create index request may contain aliases to be added to the index once created. In that case the request requires the manage privilege as well, on both the index and the aliases names.

delete

Privilege to delete documents.

delete_index

Privilege to delete an index or data stream.

index

Privilege to index and update documents. Also grants access to the update mapping action.

maintenance

Permits refresh, flush, synced flush and force merge index administration operations. No privilege to read or write index data or otherwise manage the index.

manage

All monitor privileges plus index and data stream administration (aliases, analyze, cache clear, close, delete, exists, flush, mapping, open, force merge, refresh, settings, search shards, templates, validate).

manage_follow_index

All actions that are required to manage the lifecycle of a follower index, which includes creating a follower index, closing it, and converting it to a regular index. This privilege is necessary only on clusters that contain follower indices.

manage_ilm

All index lifecycle management operations relating to managing the execution of policies of an index or data stream. This includes operations such as retrying policies and removing a policy from an index or data stream.

manage_leader_index

All actions that are required to manage the lifecycle of a leader index, which includes forgetting a follower. This privilege is necessary only on clusters that contain leader indices.

monitor

All actions that are required for monitoring (recovery, segments info, index stats and status).

read

Read-only access to actions (count, explain, get, mget, get indexed scripts, more like this, multi percolate/search/termvector, percolate, scroll, clear_scroll, search, suggest, tv).

read_cross_cluster

Read-only access to the search action from a remote cluster.

view_index_metadata

Read-only access to index and data stream metadata (aliases, aliases exists, get index, get data stream, exists, field mappings, mappings, search shards, type exists, validate, warmers, settings, ilm). This privilege is available for use primarily by Kibana users.

write

Privilege to perform all write operations to documents, which includes the permission to index, update, and delete documents as well as performing bulk operations. Also grants access to the update mapping action.

Run as privilegeedit

The run_as permission enables an authenticated user to submit requests on behalf of another user. The value can be a user name or a comma-separated list of user names. (You can also specify users as an array of strings or a YAML sequence.) For more information, see Submitting requests on behalf of other users.

Application privilegesedit

Application privileges are managed within Elasticsearch and can be retrieved with the has privileges API and the get application privileges API. They do not, however, grant access to any actions or resources within Elasticsearch. Their purpose is to enable applications to represent and store their own privilege models within Elasticsearch roles.

To create application privileges, use the add application privileges API. You can then associate these application privileges with roles, as described in Defining roles.