Histogram Aggregationedit

A multi-bucket values source based aggregation that can be applied on numeric values extracted from the documents. It dynamically builds fixed size (a.k.a. interval) buckets over the values. For example, if the documents have a field that holds a price (numeric), we can configure this aggregation to dynamically build buckets with interval 5 (in case of price it may represent $5). When the aggregation executes, the price field of every document will be evaluated and will be rounded down to its closest bucket - for example, if the price is 32 and the bucket size is 5 then the rounding will yield 30 and thus the document will "fall" into the bucket that is associated with the key 30. To make this more formal, here is the rounding function that is used:

bucket_key = Math.floor((value - offset) / interval) * interval + offset

The interval must be a positive decimal, while the offset must be a decimal in [0, interval[.

The following snippet "buckets" the products based on their price by interval of 50:

POST /sales/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "prices" : {
            "histogram" : {
                "field" : "price",
                "interval" : 50
            }
        }
    }
}

And the following may be the response:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "prices" : {
            "buckets": [
                {
                    "key": 0.0,
                    "doc_count": 1
                },
                {
                    "key": 50.0,
                    "doc_count": 1
                },
                {
                    "key": 100.0,
                    "doc_count": 0
                },
                {
                    "key": 150.0,
                    "doc_count": 2
                },
                {
                    "key": 200.0,
                    "doc_count": 3
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

Minimum document countedit

The response above show that no documents has a price that falls within the range of [100 - 150). By default the response will fill gaps in the histogram with empty buckets. It is possible change that and request buckets with a higher minimum count thanks to the min_doc_count setting:

POST /sales/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "prices" : {
            "histogram" : {
                "field" : "price",
                "interval" : 50,
                "min_doc_count" : 1
            }
        }
    }
}

Response:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "prices" : {
            "buckets": [
                {
                    "key": 0.0,
                    "doc_count": 1
                },
                {
                    "key": 50.0,
                    "doc_count": 1
                },
                {
                    "key": 150.0,
                    "doc_count": 2
                },
                {
                    "key": 200.0,
                    "doc_count": 3
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

By default the histogram returns all the buckets within the range of the data itself, that is, the documents with the smallest values (on which with histogram) will determine the min bucket (the bucket with the smallest key) and the documents with the highest values will determine the max bucket (the bucket with the highest key). Often, when requesting empty buckets, this causes a confusion, specifically, when the data is also filtered.

To understand why, let’s look at an example:

Lets say the you’re filtering your request to get all docs with values between 0 and 500, in addition you’d like to slice the data per price using a histogram with an interval of 50. You also specify "min_doc_count" : 0 as you’d like to get all buckets even the empty ones. If it happens that all products (documents) have prices higher than 100, the first bucket you’ll get will be the one with 100 as its key. This is confusing, as many times, you’d also like to get those buckets between 0 - 100.

With extended_bounds setting, you now can "force" the histogram aggregation to start building buckets on a specific min values and also keep on building buckets up to a max value (even if there are no documents anymore). Using extended_bounds only makes sense when min_doc_count is 0 (the empty buckets will never be returned if min_doc_count is greater than 0).

Note that (as the name suggest) extended_bounds is not filtering buckets. Meaning, if the extended_bounds.min is higher than the values extracted from the documents, the documents will still dictate what the first bucket will be (and the same goes for the extended_bounds.max and the last bucket). For filtering buckets, one should nest the histogram aggregation under a range filter aggregation with the appropriate from/to settings.

Example:

POST /sales/_search?size=0
{
    "query" : {
        "constant_score" : { "filter": { "range" : { "price" : { "to" : "500" } } } }
    },
    "aggs" : {
        "prices" : {
            "histogram" : {
                "field" : "price",
                "interval" : 50,
                "extended_bounds" : {
                    "min" : 0,
                    "max" : 500
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Orderedit

By default the returned buckets are sorted by their key ascending, though the order behaviour can be controlled using the order setting. Supports the same order functionality as the Terms Aggregation.

Offsetedit

By default the bucket keys start with 0 and then continue in even spaced steps of interval, e.g. if the interval is 10 the first buckets (assuming there is data inside them) will be [0 - 9], [10-19], [20-29]. The bucket boundaries can be shifted by using the offset option.

This can be best illustrated with an example. If there are 10 documents with values ranging from 5 to 14, using interval 10 will result in two buckets with 5 documents each. If an additional offset 5 is used, there will be only one single bucket [5-14] containing all the 10 documents.

Response Formatedit

By default, the buckets are returned as an ordered array. It is also possible to request the response as a hash instead keyed by the buckets keys:

POST /sales/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "prices" : {
            "histogram" : {
                "field" : "price",
                "interval" : 50,
                "keyed" : true
            }
        }
    }
}

Response:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "prices": {
            "buckets": {
                "0.0": {
                    "key": 0.0,
                    "doc_count": 1
                },
                "50.0": {
                    "key": 50.0,
                    "doc_count": 1
                },
                "100.0": {
                    "key": 100.0,
                    "doc_count": 0
                },
                "150.0": {
                    "key": 150.0,
                    "doc_count": 2
                },
                "200.0": {
                    "key": 200.0,
                    "doc_count": 3
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Missing valueedit

The missing parameter defines how documents that are missing a value should be treated. By default they will be ignored but it is also possible to treat them as if they had a value.

POST /sales/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs" : {
        "quantity" : {
             "histogram" : {
                 "field" : "quantity",
                 "interval": 10,
                 "missing": 0 
             }
         }
    }
}

Documents without a value in the quantity field will fall into the same bucket as documents that have the value 0.