Date Range Aggregationedit

A range aggregation that is dedicated for date values. The main difference between this aggregation and the normal range aggregation is that the from and to values can be expressed in Date Math expressions, and it is also possible to specify a date format by which the from and to response fields will be returned. Note that this aggregation includes the from value and excludes the to value for each range.

Example:

POST /sales/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs": {
        "range": {
            "date_range": {
                "field": "date",
                "format": "MM-yyy",
                "ranges": [
                    { "to": "now-10M/M" }, 
                    { "from": "now-10M/M" } 
                ]
            }
        }
    }
}

< now minus 10 months, rounded down to the start of the month.

>= now minus 10 months, rounded down to the start of the month.

In the example above, we created two range buckets, the first will "bucket" all documents dated prior to 10 months ago and the second will "bucket" all documents dated since 10 months ago

Response:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "range": {
            "buckets": [
                {
                    "to": 1.4436576E12,
                    "to_as_string": "10-2015",
                    "doc_count": 7,
                    "key": "*-10-2015"
                },
                {
                    "from": 1.4436576E12,
                    "from_as_string": "10-2015",
                    "doc_count": 0,
                    "key": "10-2015-*"
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

Date Format/Patternedit

Note

this information was copied from JodaDate

All ASCII letters are reserved as format pattern letters, which are defined as follows:

Symbol Meaning Presentation Examples

G

era

text

AD

C

century of era (>=0)

number

20

Y

year of era (>=0)

year

1996

x

weekyear

year

1996

w

week of weekyear

number

27

e

day of week

number

2

E

day of week

text

Tuesday; Tue

y

year

year

1996

D

day of year

number

189

M

month of year

month

July; Jul; 07

d

day of month

number

10

a

halfday of day

text

PM

K

hour of halfday (0~11)

number

0

h

clockhour of halfday (1~12)

number

12

H

hour of day (0~23)

number

0

k

clockhour of day (1~24)

number

24

m

minute of hour

number

30

s

second of minute

number

55

S

fraction of second

number

978

z

time zone

text

Pacific Standard Time; PST

Z

time zone offset/id

zone

-0800; -08:00; America/Los_Angeles

'

escape for text

delimiter

''

The count of pattern letters determine the format.

Text
If the number of pattern letters is 4 or more, the full form is used; otherwise a short or abbreviated form is used if available.
Number
The minimum number of digits. Shorter numbers are zero-padded to this amount.
Year
Numeric presentation for year and weekyear fields are handled specially. For example, if the count of y is 2, the year will be displayed as the zero-based year of the century, which is two digits.
Month
3 or over, use text, otherwise use number.
Zone
Z outputs offset without a colon, ZZ outputs the offset with a colon, ZZZ or more outputs the zone id.
Zone names
Time zone names (z) cannot be parsed.

Any characters in the pattern that are not in the ranges of [a..z] and [A..Z] will be treated as quoted text. For instance, characters like :, ., ' , '# and ? will appear in the resulting time text even they are not embraced within single quotes.

Time zone in date range aggregationsedit

Dates can be converted from another time zone to UTC by specifying the time_zone parameter.

Time zones may either be specified as an ISO 8601 UTC offset (e.g. +01:00 or -08:00) or as one of the time zone ids from the TZ database.

The time_zone parameter is also applied to rounding in date math expressions. As an example, to round to the beginning of the day in the CET time zone, you can do the following:

POST /sales/_search?size=0
{
   "aggs": {
       "range": {
           "date_range": {
               "field": "date",
               "time_zone": "CET",
               "ranges": [
                  { "to": "2016/02/01" }, 
                  { "from": "2016/02/01", "to" : "now/d" },
                  { "from": "now/d" }
              ]
          }
      }
   }
}

This date will be converted to 2016-02-15T00:00:00.000+01:00.

now/d will be rounded to the beginning of the day in the CET time zone.

Keyed Responseedit

Setting the keyed flag to true will associate a unique string key with each bucket and return the ranges as a hash rather than an array:

POST /sales/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs": {
        "range": {
            "date_range": {
                "field": "date",
                "format": "MM-yyy",
                "ranges": [
                    { "to": "now-10M/M" },
                    { "from": "now-10M/M" }
                ],
                "keyed": true
            }
        }
    }
}

Response:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "range": {
            "buckets": {
                "*-10-2015": {
                    "to": 1.4436576E12,
                    "to_as_string": "10-2015",
                    "doc_count": 7
                },
                "10-2015-*": {
                    "from": 1.4436576E12,
                    "from_as_string": "10-2015",
                    "doc_count": 0
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

It is also possible to customize the key for each range:

POST /sales/_search?size=0
{
    "aggs": {
        "range": {
            "date_range": {
                "field": "date",
                "format": "MM-yyy",
                "ranges": [
                    { "from": "01-2015",  "to": "03-2015", "key": "quarter_01" },
                    { "from": "03-2015", "to": "06-2015", "key": "quarter_02" }
                ],
                "keyed": true
            }
        }
    }
}

Response:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "range": {
            "buckets": {
                "quarter_01": {
                    "from": 1.4200704E12,
                    "from_as_string": "01-2015",
                    "to": 1.425168E12,
                    "to_as_string": "03-2015",
                    "doc_count": 5
                },
                "quarter_02": {
                    "from": 1.425168E12,
                    "from_as_string": "03-2015",
                    "to": 1.4331168E12,
                    "to_as_string": "06-2015",
                    "doc_count": 2
                }
            }
        }
    }
}