AWS Fargate moduleedit

This functionality is in beta and is subject to change. The design and code is less mature than official GA features and is being provided as-is with no warranties. Beta features are not subject to the support SLA of official GA features.

This module can be used to collect container logs from Amazon ECS on Fargate. It uses filebeat awscloudwatch input to get log files from one or more log streams in AWS CloudWatch. Logs from all containers in Fargate launch type tasks can be sent to CloudWatch by adding the awslogs log driver under logConfiguration section in the task definition. For example, logConfiguration can be added into the task definition by adding this section into the containerDefinitions:

{
   "logDriver":"awslogs",
   "options":{
      "awslogs-group":"awslogs-wordpress",
      "awslogs-region":"us-west-2",
      "awslogs-stream-prefix":"awslogs-example"
   }
}

The awsfargate module requires AWS credentials configuration in order to make AWS API calls. Users can either use access_key_id, secret_access_key and/or session_token, or use role_arn AWS IAM role, or use shared AWS credentials file.

Please see AWS credentials options for more details.

Module configurationedit

Example config:

- module: awsfargate
  log:
    enabled: true
    var.credential_profile_name: test-filebeat
    var.log_group_arn: arn:aws:logs:us-east-1:1234567890:log-group:/ecs/test-log-group:*
var.log_group_arn
ARN of the log group to collect logs from.
var.log_group_name
Name of the log group to collect logs from. Note: region_name is required when log_group_name is given.
var.region_name
Region that the specified log group belongs to.
var.log_streams
A list of strings of log streams names that Filebeat collect log events from.
var.log_stream_prefix
A string to filter the results to include only log events from log streams that have names starting with this prefix.
var.start_position

start_position allows user to specify if this input should read log files from the beginning or from the end.

  • beginning: reads from the beginning of the log group (default).
  • end: read only new messages from current time minus scan_frequency going forward
var.scan_frequency
This config parameter sets how often Filebeat checks for new log events from the specified log group. Default scan_frequency is 1 minute, which means Filebeat will sleep for 1 minute before querying for new logs again.
var.api_timeout
The maximum duration of AWS API can take. If it exceeds the timeout, AWS API will be interrupted. The default AWS API timeout for a message is 120 seconds. The minimum is 0 seconds.
var.api_sleep
This is used to sleep between AWS FilterLogEvents API calls inside the same collection period. FilterLogEvents API has a quota of 5 transactions per second (TPS)/account/Region. By default, api_sleep is 200 ms. This value should only be adjusted when there are multiple Filebeats or multiple Filebeat inputs collecting logs from the same region and AWS account.
var.shared_credential_file
Filename of AWS credential file.
var.credential_profile_name
AWS credential profile name.
var.access_key_id
First part of access key.
var.secret_access_key
Second part of access key.
var.session_token
Required when using temporary security credentials.
var.role_arn
AWS IAM Role to assume.
var.endpoint
The custom endpoint used to access AWS APIs.

AWS Credentials Configurationedit

To configure AWS credentials, either put the credentials into the Filebeat configuration, or use a shared credentials file, as shown in the following examples.

Configuration parametersedit

  • access_key_id: first part of access key.
  • secret_access_key: second part of access key.
  • session_token: required when using temporary security credentials.
  • credential_profile_name: profile name in shared credentials file.
  • shared_credential_file: directory of the shared credentials file.
  • role_arn: AWS IAM Role to assume.
  • endpoint: URL of the entry point for an AWS web service. Most AWS services offer a regional endpoint that can be used to make requests. The general syntax of a regional endpoint is protocol://service-code.region-code.endpoint-code. Some services, such as IAM, do not support regions. The endpoints for these services do not include a region. In aws module, endpoint config is to set the endpoint-code part, such as amazonaws.com, amazonaws.com.cn, c2s.ic.gov, sc2s.sgov.gov.
  • proxy_url: URL of the proxy to use to connect to AWS web services. The syntax is http(s)://<IP/Hostname>:<port>

Supported Formatsedit

The examples in this section refer to Metricbeat, but the credential options for authentication with AWS are the same no matter which Beat is being used.

  • Use access_key_id, secret_access_key, and/or session_token

Users can either put the credentials into the Metricbeat module configuration or use environment variable AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY and/or AWS_SESSION_TOKEN instead.

If running on Docker, these environment variables should be added as a part of the docker command. For example, with Metricbeat:

$ docker run -e AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=abcd -e AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=abcd -d --name=metricbeat --user=root --volume="$(pwd)/metricbeat.aws.yml:/usr/share/metricbeat/metricbeat.yml:ro" docker.elastic.co/beats/metricbeat:7.11.1 metricbeat -e -E cloud.auth=elastic:1234 -E cloud.id=test-aws:1234

Sample metricbeat.aws.yml looks like:

metricbeat.modules:
- module: aws
  period: 5m
  access_key_id: ${AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID}
  secret_access_key: ${AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY}
  session_token: ${AWS_SESSION_TOKEN}
  metricsets:
    - ec2

Environment variables can also be added through a file. For example:

$ cat env.list
AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=abcd
AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=abcd

$ docker run --env-file env.list -d --name=metricbeat --user=root --volume="$(pwd)/metricbeat.aws.yml:/usr/share/metricbeat/metricbeat.yml:ro" docker.elastic.co/beats/metricbeat:7.11.1 metricbeat -e -E cloud.auth=elastic:1234 -E cloud.id=test-aws:1234
  • Use credential_profile_name and/or shared_credential_file

If access_key_id, secret_access_key and role_arn are all not given, then filebeat will check for credential_profile_name. If you use different credentials for different tools or applications, you can use profiles to configure multiple access keys in the same configuration file. If there is no credential_profile_name given, the default profile will be used.

shared_credential_file is optional to specify the directory of your shared credentials file. If it’s empty, the default directory will be used. In Windows, shared credentials file is at C:\Users\<yourUserName>\.aws\credentials. For Linux, macOS or Unix, the file is located at ~/.aws/credentials. When running as a service, the home path depends on the user that manages the service, so the shared_credential_file parameter can be used to avoid ambiguity. Please see Create Shared Credentials File for more details.

  • Use role_arn

role_arn is used to specify which AWS IAM role to assume for generating temporary credentials. If role_arn is given, filebeat will check if access keys are given. If not, filebeat will check for credential profile name. If neither is given, default credential profile will be used. Please make sure credentials are given under either a credential profile or access keys.

If running on Docker, the credential file needs to be provided via a volume mount. For example, with Metricbeat:

docker run -d --name=metricbeat --user=root --volume="$(pwd)/metricbeat.aws.yml:/usr/share/metricbeat/metricbeat.yml:ro" --volume="/Users/foo/.aws/credentials:/usr/share/metricbeat/credentials:ro" docker.elastic.co/beats/metricbeat:7.11.1 metricbeat -e -E cloud.auth=elastic:1234 -E cloud.id=test-aws:1234

Sample metricbeat.aws.yml looks like:

metricbeat.modules:
- module: aws
  period: 5m
  credential_profile_name: elastic-beats
  shared_credential_file: /usr/share/metricbeat/credentials
  metricsets:
    - ec2
  • Use AWS credentials in Filebeat configuration

    filebeat.inputs:
    - type: aws-s3
      queue_url: https://sqs.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/123/test-queue
      access_key_id: '<access_key_id>'
      secret_access_key: '<secret_access_key>'
      session_token: '<session_token>'

    or

    filebeat.inputs:
    - type: aws-s3
      queue_url: https://sqs.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/123/test-queue
      access_key_id: '${AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID:""}'
      secret_access_key: '${AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY:""}'
      session_token: '${AWS_SESSION_TOKEN:""}'
  • Use IAM role ARN

    filebeat.inputs:
    - type: aws-s3
      queue_url: https://sqs.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/123/test-queue
      role_arn: arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/test-mb
  • Use shared AWS credentials file

    filebeat.inputs:
    - type: aws-s3
      queue_url: https://sqs.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/123/test-queue
      credential_profile_name: test-fb

AWS Credentials Typesedit

There are two different types of AWS credentials can be used: access keys and temporary security credentials.

  • Access keys

AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY are the two parts of access keys. They are long-term credentials for an IAM user or the AWS account root user. Please see AWS Access Keys and Secret Access Keys for more details.

  • IAM role ARN

An IAM role is an IAM identity that you can create in your account that has specific permissions that determine what the identity can and cannot do in AWS. A role does not have standard long-term credentials such as a password or access keys associated with it. Instead, when you assume a role, it provides you with temporary security credentials for your role session. IAM role Amazon Resource Name (ARN) can be used to specify which AWS IAM role to assume to generate temporary credentials. Please see AssumeRole API documentation for more details.

Here are the steps to set up IAM role using AWS CLI for Metricbeat. Please replace 123456789012 with your own account ID.

Step 1. Create example-policy.json file to include all permissions:

{
    "Version": "2012-10-17",
    "Statement": [
        {
            "Sid": "VisualEditor0",
            "Effect": "Allow",
            "Action": [
                "s3:GetObject",
                "sqs:ReceiveMessage"
            ],
            "Resource": "*"
        },
        {
            "Sid": "VisualEditor1",
            "Effect": "Allow",
            "Action": "sqs:ChangeMessageVisibility",
            "Resource": "arn:aws:sqs:us-east-1:123456789012:test-fb-ks"
        },
        {
            "Sid": "VisualEditor2",
            "Effect": "Allow",
            "Action": "sqs:DeleteMessage",
            "Resource": "arn:aws:sqs:us-east-1:123456789012:test-fb-ks"
        },
        {
            "Sid": "VisualEditor3",
            "Effect": "Allow",
            "Action": [
                "sts:AssumeRole",
                "sqs:ListQueues",
                "tag:GetResources",
                "ec2:DescribeInstances",
                "cloudwatch:GetMetricData",
                "ec2:DescribeRegions",
                "iam:ListAccountAliases",
                "sts:GetCallerIdentity",
                "cloudwatch:ListMetrics"
            ],
            "Resource": "*"
        }
    ]
}

Step 2. Create IAM policy using the aws iam create-policy command:

$ aws iam create-policy --policy-name example-policy --policy-document file://example-policy.json

Step 3. Create the JSON file example-role-trust-policy.json that defines the trust relationship of the IAM role

{
    "Version": "2012-10-17",
    "Statement": {
        "Effect": "Allow",
        "Principal": { "AWS": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:root" },
        "Action": "sts:AssumeRole"
    }
}

Step 4. Create the IAM role and attach the policy:

$ aws iam create-role --role-name example-role --assume-role-policy-document file://example-role-trust-policy.json
$ aws iam attach-role-policy --role-name example-role --policy-arn "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:policy/example-policy"

After these steps are done, IAM role ARN can be used for authentication in Metricbeat aws module.

  • Temporary security credentials

Temporary security credentials has a limited lifetime and consists of an access key ID, a secret access key, and a security token which typically returned from GetSessionToken. MFA-enabled IAM users would need to submit an MFA code while calling GetSessionToken. Please see Temporary Security Credentials for more details. sts get-session-token AWS CLI can be used to generate temporary credentials. For example. with MFA-enabled:

aws> sts get-session-token --serial-number arn:aws:iam::1234:mfa/your-email@example.com --token-code 456789 --duration-seconds 129600

Because temporary security credentials are short term, after they expire, the user needs to generate new ones and modify the aws.yml config file with the new credentials. Unless live reloading feature is enabled for Metricbeat, the user needs to manually restart Metricbeat after updating the config file in order to continue collecting Cloudwatch metrics. This will cause data loss if the config file is not updated with new credentials before the old ones expire. For Metricbeat, we recommend users to use access keys in config file to enable aws module making AWS api calls without have to generate new temporary credentials and update the config frequently.

IAM policy is an entity that defines permissions to an object within your AWS environment. Specific permissions needs to be added into the IAM user’s policy to authorize Metricbeat to collect AWS monitoring metrics. Please see documentation under each metricset for required permissions.

Fieldsedit

For a description of each field in the module, see the exported fields section.