EQL function referenceedit

This functionality is in beta and is subject to change. The design and code is less mature than official GA features and is being provided as-is with no warranties. Beta features are not subject to the support SLA of official GA features.

Elasticsearch supports the following EQL functions. Most EQL functions are case-sensitive by default.

addedit

Returns the sum of two provided addends.

Example

add(4, 5)                                           // returns 9
add(4, 0.5)                                         // returns 4.5
add(0.5, 0.25)                                      // returns 0.75
add(4, -2)                                          // returns 2
add(-2, -2)                                         // returns -4

// process.args_count = 4
add(process.args_count, 5)                          // returns 9
add(process.args_count, 0.5)                        // returns 4.5

// process.parent.args_count = 2
add(process.args_count, process.parent.args_count)  // returns 6

// null handling
add(null, 4)                                        // returns null
add(4. null)                                        // returns null
add(null, process.args_count)                       // returns null
add(process.args_count null)                        // returns null

Syntax

add(<addend>, <addend>)

Parameters:

<addend>

(Required, integer or float or null) Addend to add. If null, the function returns null.

Two addends are required. No more than two addends can be provided.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only numeric field data types.

Returns: integer, float, or null

betweenedit

Extracts a substring that’s between a provided left and right text in a source string. Matching is case-sensitive.

Example

// file.path = "C:\\Windows\\System32\\cmd.exe"
between(file.path, "system32\\\\", ".exe")                // returns "cmd"
between(file.path, "workspace\\\\", ".exe")               // returns ""

// Greedy matching defaults to false.
between(file.path, "\\\\", "\\\\", false)                 // returns "Windows"

// Sets greedy matching to true
between(file.path, "\\\\", "\\\\", true)                  // returns "Windows\\System32"

// empty source string
between("", "system32\\\\", ".exe")                       // returns ""
between("", "", "")                                       // returns ""

// null handling
between(null, "system32\\\\", ".exe")                     // returns null

Syntax

between(<source>, <left>, <right>[, <greedy_matching>])

Parameters

<source>

(Required, string or null) Source string. Empty strings return an empty string (""), regardless of the <left> or <right> parameters. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

<left>

(Required, string) Text to the left of the substring to extract. This text should include whitespace.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

<right>

(Required, string) Text to the right of the substring to extract. This text should include whitespace.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

<greedy_matching>
(Optional, boolean) If true, match the longest possible substring, similar to .* in regular expressions. If false, match the shortest possible substring, similar to .*? in regular expressions. Defaults to false.

Returns: string or null

cidrMatchedit

Returns true if an IP address is contained in one or more provided CIDR blocks.

Example

// source.address = "192.168.152.12"
cidrMatch(source.address, "192.168.0.0/16")               // returns true
cidrMatch(source.address, "192.168.0.0/16", "10.0.0.0/8") // returns true
cidrMatch(source.address, "10.0.0.0/8")                   // returns false
cidrMatch(source.address, "10.0.0.0/8", "10.128.0.0/9")   // returns false

// null handling
cidrMatch(null, "10.0.0.0/8")                             // returns null
cidrMatch(source.address, null)                           // returns null

Syntax

`cidrMatch(<ip_address>, <cidr_block>[, ...])`

Parameters

<ip_address>

(Required, string or null) IP address. Supports IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the ip field data type.

<cidr_block>
(Required†[1], string or null) CIDR block you wish to search. If null, the function returns null.

Returns: boolean or null

concatedit

Returns a concatenated string of provided values.

Example

concat("process is ", "regsvr32.exe")         // returns "process is regsvr32.exe"
concat("regsvr32.exe", " ", 42)               // returns "regsvr32.exe 42"
concat("regsvr32.exe", " ", 42.5)             // returns "regsvr32.exe 42.5"
concat("regsvr32.exe", " ", true)             // returns "regsvr32.exe true"
concat("regsvr32.exe")                        // returns "regsvr32.exe"

// process.name = "regsvr32.exe"
concat(process.name, " ", 42)                 // returns "regsvr32.exe 42"
concat(process.name, " ", 42.5)               // returns "regsvr32.exe 42.5"
concat("process is ", process.name)           // returns "process is regsvr32.exe"
concat(process.name, " ", true)               // returns "regsvr32.exe true"
concat(process.name)                          // returns "regsvr32.exe"

// process.arg_count = 4
concat(process.name, " ", process.arg_count)  // returns "regsvr32.exe 4"

// null handling
concat(null, "regsvr32.exe")                  // returns null
concat(process.name, null)                    // returns null
concat(null)                                  // returns null

Syntax

concat(<value>[, <value>])

Parameters

<value>

(Required†[1]) Value to concatenate. If any of the arguments are null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter does not support the text field data type.

Returns: string or null

divideedit

Returns the quotient of a provided dividend and divisor.

If both the dividend and divisor are integers, the divide function rounds down any returned floating point numbers to the nearest integer. To avoid rounding, convert either the dividend or divisor to a float.

Example

The process.args_count field is a long integer field containing a count of process arguments.

A user might expect the following EQL query to only match events with a process.args_count value of 4.

process where divide(4, process.args_count) == 1

However, the EQL query matches events with a process.args_count value of 3 or 4.

For events with a process.args_count value of 3, the divide function returns a floating point number of 1.333..., which is rounded down to 1.

To match only events with a process.args_count value of 4, convert either the dividend or divisor to a float.

The following EQL query changes the integer 4 to the equivalent float 4.0.

process where divide(4.0, process.args_count) == 1

Example

divide(4, 2)                                            // returns 2
divide(4, 3)                                            // returns 1
divide(4, 3.0)                                          // returns 1.333...
divide(4, 0.5)                                          // returns 8
divide(0.5, 4)                                          // returns 0.125
divide(0.5, 0.25)                                       // returns 2.0
divide(4, -2)                                           // returns -2
divide(-4, -2)                                          // returns 2

// process.args_count = 4
divide(process.args_count, 2)                           // returns 2
divide(process.args_count, 3)                           // returns 1
divide(process.args_count, 3.0)                         // returns 1.333...
divide(12, process.args_count)                          // returns 3
divide(process.args_count, 0.5)                         // returns 8
divide(0.5, process.args_count)                         // returns 0.125

// process.parent.args_count = 2
divide(process.args_count, process.parent.args_count)   // returns 2

// null handling
divide(null, 4)                                         // returns null
divide(4, null)                                         // returns null
divide(null, process.args_count)                        // returns null
divide(process.args_count, null)                        // returns null

Syntax

divide(<dividend>, <divisor>)

Parameters

<dividend>

(Required, integer or float or null) Dividend to divide. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only numeric field data types.

<divisor>

(Required, integer or float or null) Divisor to divide by. If null, the function returns null. This value cannot be zero (0).

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only numeric field data types.

Returns: integer, float, or null

endsWithedit

Returns true if a source string ends with a provided substring. Matching is case-sensitive.

Example

endsWith("regsvr32.exe", ".exe")          // returns true
endsWith("regsvr32.exe", ".dll")          // returns false
endsWith("", "")                          // returns true

// file.name = "regsvr32.exe"
endsWith(file.name, ".exe")               // returns true
endsWith(file.name, ".dll")               // returns false

// file.extension = ".exe"
endsWith("regsvr32.exe", file.extension)  // returns true
endsWith("ntdll.dll", file.name)          // returns false

// null handling
endsWith("regsvr32.exe", null)            // returns null
endsWith("", null)                        // returns null
endsWith(null, ".exe")                    // returns null
endsWith(null, null)                      // returns null

Syntax

endsWith(<source>, <substring>)

Parameters

<source>

(Required, string or null) Source string. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

<substring>

(Required, string or null) Substring to search for. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

Returns: boolean or null

indexOfedit

Returns the first position of a provided substring in a source string. Matching is case-sensitive.

If an optional start position is provided, this function returns the first occurrence of the substring at or after the start position.

Example

// url.domain = "subdomain.example.com"
indexOf(url.domain, ".")        // returns 9
indexOf(url.domain, ".", 9)     // returns 9
indexOf(url.domain, ".", 10)    // returns 17
indexOf(url.domain, ".", -6)    // returns 9

// empty strings
indexOf("", "")                 // returns 0
indexOf(url.domain, "")         // returns 0
indexOf(url.domain, "", 9)      // returns 9
indexOf(url.domain, "", 10)     // returns 10
indexOf(url.domain, "", -6)     // returns 0

// missing substrings
indexOf(url.domain, "z")        // returns null
indexOf(url.domain, "z", 9)     // returns null

// start position is higher than string length
indexOf(url.domain, ".", 30)    // returns null

// null handling
indexOf(null, ".", 9)           // returns null
indexOf(url.domain, null, 9)    // returns null
indexOf(url.domain, ".", null)  // returns null

Syntax

indexOf(<source>, <substring>[, <start_pos>])

Parameters

<source>

(Required, string or null) Source string. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

<substring>

(Required, string or null) Substring to search for.

If this argument is null or the <source> string does not contain this substring, the function returns null.

If the <start_pos> is positive, empty strings ("") return the <start_pos>. Otherwise, empty strings return 0.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

<start_pos>

(Optional, integer or null) Starting position for matching. The function will not return positions before this one. Defaults to 0.

Positions are zero-indexed. Negative offsets are treated as 0.

If this argument is null or higher than the length of the <source> string, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following numeric field data types:

  • long
  • integer
  • short
  • byte

Returns: integer or null

lengthedit

Returns the character length of a provided string, including whitespace and punctuation.

Example

length("explorer.exe")         // returns 12
length("start explorer.exe")   // returns 18
length("")                     // returns 0
length(null)                   // returns null

// process.name = "regsvr32.exe"
length(process.name)           // returns 12

Syntax

length(<string>)

Parameters

<string>

(Required, string or null) String for which to return the character length. If null, the function returns null. Empty strings return 0.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

Returns: integer or null

moduloedit

Returns the remainder of the division of a provided dividend and divisor.

Example

modulo(10, 6)                                       // returns 4
modulo(10, 5)                                       // returns 0
modulo(10, 0.5)                                     // returns 0
modulo(10, -6)                                      // returns 4
modulo(-10, -6)                                     // returns -4

// process.args_count = 10
modulo(process.args_count, 6)                       // returns 4
modulo(process.args_count, 5)                       // returns 0
modulo(106, process.args_count)                     // returns 6
modulo(process.args_count, -6)                      // returns 4
modulo(process.args_count, 0.5)                     // returns 0

// process.parent.args_count = 6
add(process.args_count, process.parent.args_count)  // returns 4

// null handling
modulo(null, 5)                                     // returns null
modulo(7, null)                                     // returns null
modulo(null, process.args_count)                    // returns null
modulo(process.args_count, null)                    // returns null

Syntax

modulo(<dividend>, <divisor>)

Parameters

<dividend>

(Required, integer or float or null) Dividend to divide. If null, the function returns null. Floating point numbers return 0.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only numeric field data types.

<divisor>

(Required, integer or float or null) Divisor to divide by. If null, the function returns null. Floating point numbers return 0. This value cannot be zero (0).

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only numeric field data types.

Returns: integer, float, or null

multiplyedit

Returns the product of two provided factors.

Example

multiply(2, 2)                                           // returns 4
multiply(0.5, 2)                                         // returns 1
multiply(0.25, 2)                                        // returns 0.5
multiply(-2, 2)                                          // returns -4
multiply(-2, -2)                                         // returns 4

// process.args_count = 2
multiply(process.args_count, 2)                          // returns 4
multiply(0.5, process.args_count)                        // returns 1
multiply(0.25, process.args_count)                       // returns 0.5

// process.parent.args_count = 3
multiply(process.args_count, process.parent.args_count)  // returns 6

// null handling
multiply(null, 2)                                        // returns null
multiply(2, null)                                        // returns null

Syntax

multiply(<factor, <factor>)

Parameters

<factor>

(Required, integer or float or null) Factor to multiply. If null, the function returns null.

Two factors are required. No more than two factors can be provided.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only numeric field data types.

Returns: integer, float, or null

numberedit

Converts a string to the corresponding integer or float.

Example

number("1337")              // returns 1337
number("42.5")              // returns 42.5
number("deadbeef", 16)      // returns 3735928559

// integer literals beginning with "0x" are auto-detected as hexadecimal
number("0xdeadbeef")        // returns 3735928559
number("0xdeadbeef", 16)    // returns 3735928559

// "+" and "-" are supported
number("+1337")             // returns 1337
number("-1337")             // returns -1337

// surrounding whitespace is ignored
number("  1337  ")          // returns 1337

// process.pid = "1337"
number(process.pid)         // returns 1337

// null handling
number(null)                // returns null
number(null, 16)            // returns null

// strings beginning with "0x" are treated as hexadecimal (base 16),
// even if the <base_num> is explicitly null.
number("0xdeadbeef", null) // returns 3735928559

// otherwise, strings are treated as decimal (base 10)
// if the <base_num> is explicitly null.
number("1337", null)        // returns 1337

Syntax

number(<string>[, <base_num>])

Parameters

<string>

(Required, string or null) String to convert to an integer or float. If this value is a string, it must be one of the following:

  • A string representation of an integer (e.g., "42")
  • A string representation of a float (e.g., "9.5")
  • If the <base_num> parameter is specified, a string containing an integer literal in the base notation (e.g., "0xDECAFBAD" in hexadecimal or base 16)

Strings that begin with 0x are auto-detected as hexadecimal and use a default <base_num> of 16.

- and + are supported with no space between. Surrounding whitespace is ignored. Empty strings ("") are not supported.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

If this argument is null, the function returns null.

<base_num>

(Optional, integer or null) Radix or base used to convert the string. If the <string> begins with 0x, this parameter defaults to 16 (hexadecimal). Otherwise, it defaults to base 10.

If this argument is explicitly null, the default value is used.

Fields are not supported as arguments.

Returns: integer or float or null

startsWithedit

Returns true if a source string begins with a provided substring. Matching is case-sensitive.

Example

startsWith("regsvr32.exe", "regsvr32")  // returns true
startsWith("regsvr32.exe", "explorer")  // returns false
startsWith("", "")                      // returns true

// process.name = "regsvr32.exe"
startsWith(process.name, "regsvr32")    // returns true
startsWith(process.name, "explorer")    // returns false

// process.name = "regsvr32"
startsWith("regsvr32.exe", process.name) // returns true
startsWith("explorer.exe", process.name) // returns false

// null handling
startsWith("regsvr32.exe", null)        // returns null
startsWith("", null)                    // returns null
startsWith(null, "regsvr32")            // returns null
startsWith(null, null)                  // returns null

Syntax

startsWith(<source>, <substring>)

Parameters

<source>

(Required, string or null) Source string. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

<substring>

(Required, string or null) Substring to search for. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

Returns: boolean or null

stringedit

Converts a value to a string.

Example

string(42)               // returns "42"
string(42.5)             // returns "42.5"
string("regsvr32.exe")   // returns "regsvr32.exe"
string(true)             // returns "true"

// null handling
string(null)             // returns null

Syntax

string(<value>)

Parameters

<value>

(Required) Value to convert to a string. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter does not support the text field data type.

Returns: string or null

stringContainsedit

Returns true if a source string contains a provided substring. Matching is case-sensitive.

Example

// process.command_line = "start regsvr32.exe"
stringContains(process.command_line, "regsvr32")  // returns true
stringContains(process.command_line, "start ")    // returns true
stringContains(process.command_line, "explorer")  // returns false

// process.name = "regsvr32.exe"
stringContains(command_line, process.name)        // returns true

// empty strings
stringContains("", "")                            // returns false
stringContains(process.command_line, "")          // returns false

// null handling
stringContains(null, "regsvr32")                  // returns null
stringContains(process.command_line, null)        // returns null

Syntax

stringContains(<source>, <substring>)

Parameters

<source>
(Required, string or null) Source string to search. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

  • A type in the keyword family
  • text field with a keyword sub-field

    <substring>
    (Required, string or null) Substring to search for. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

Returns: boolean or null

substringedit

Extracts a substring from a source string at provided start and end positions.

If no end position is provided, the function extracts the remaining string.

Example

substring("start regsvr32.exe", 6)        // returns "regsvr32.exe"
substring("start regsvr32.exe", 0, 5)     // returns "start"
substring("start regsvr32.exe", 6, 14)    // returns "regsvr32"
substring("start regsvr32.exe", -4)       // returns ".exe"
substring("start regsvr32.exe", -4, -1)   // returns ".ex"

Syntax

substring(<source>, <start_pos>[, <end_pos>])

Parameters

<source>
(Required, string) Source string.
<start_pos>

(Required, integer) Starting position for extraction.

If this position is higher than the <end_pos> position or the length of the <source> string, the function returns an empty string.

Positions are zero-indexed. Negative offsets are supported.

<end_pos>

(Optional, integer) Exclusive end position for extraction. If this position is not provided, the function returns the remaining string.

Positions are zero-indexed. Negative offsets are supported.

Returns: string

subtractedit

Returns the difference between a provided minuend and subtrahend.

Example

subtract(10, 2)                                          // returns 8
subtract(10.5, 0.5)                                      // returns 10
subtract(1, 0.2)                                         // returns 0.8
subtract(-2, 4)                                          // returns -8
subtract(-2, -4)                                         // returns 8

// process.args_count = 10
subtract(process.args_count, 6)                          // returns 4
subtract(process.args_count, 5)                          // returns 5
subtract(15, process.args_count)                         // returns 5
subtract(process.args_count, 0.5)                        // returns 9.5

// process.parent.args_count = 6
subtract(process.args_count, process.parent.args_count)  // returns 4

// null handling
subtract(null, 2)                                        // returns null
subtract(2, null)                                        // returns null

Syntax

subtract(<minuend>, <subtrahend>)

Parameters

<minuend>

(Required, integer or float or null) Minuend to subtract from.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only numeric field data types.

<subtrahend>

(Optional, integer or float or null) Subtrahend to subtract. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only numeric field data types.

Returns: integer, float, or null

wildcardedit

Returns true if a source string matches one or more provided wildcard expressions. Matching is case-sensitive.

Example

// The two following expressions are equivalent.
process.name == "*regsvr32*" or process.name == "*explorer*"
wildcard(process.name, "*regsvr32*", "*explorer*")

// process.name = "regsvr32.exe"
wildcard(process.name, "*regsvr32*")                // returns true
wildcard(process.name, "*regsvr32*", "*explorer*")  // returns true
wildcard(process.name, "*explorer*")                // returns false
wildcard(process.name, "*explorer*", "*scrobj*")    // returns false

// empty strings
wildcard("", "*start*")                             // returns false
wildcard("", "*")                                   // returns true
wildcard("", "")                                    // returns true

// null handling
wildcard(null, "*regsvr32*")                        // returns null
wildcard(process.name, null)                        // returns null

Syntax

wildcard(<source>, <wildcard_exp>[, ...])

Parameters

<source>

(Required, string) Source string. If null, the function returns null.

If using a field as the argument, this parameter supports only the following field data types:

<wildcard_exp>

(Required†[1], string) Wildcard expression used to match the source string. If null, the function returns null. Fields are not supported as arguments.

Returns: boolean

[1] This parameter accepts multiple arguments.