Search Templateedit

The /_search/template endpoint allows to use the mustache language to pre render search requests, before they are executed and fill existing templates with template parameters.

GET _search/template
{
    "inline" : {
      "query": { "match" : { "{{my_field}}" : "{{my_value}}" } },
      "size" : "{{my_size}}"
    },
    "params" : {
        "my_field" : "message",
        "my_value" : "some message",
        "my_size" : 5
    }
}

For more information on how Mustache templating and what kind of templating you can do with it check out the online documentation of the mustache project.

Note

The mustache language is implemented in elasticsearch as a sandboxed scripting language, hence it obeys settings that may be used to enable or disable scripts per language, source and operation as described in the scripting docs

More template examplesedit

Filling in a query string with a single valueedit
GET _search/template
{
    "inline": {
        "query": {
            "term": {
                "message": "{{query_string}}"
            }
        }
    },
    "params": {
        "query_string": "search for these words"
    }
}
Converting parameters to JSONedit

The {{#toJson}}parameter{{/toJson}} function can be used to convert parameters like maps and array to their JSON representation:

GET _search/template
{
  "inline": "{ \"query\": { \"terms\": {{#toJson}}statuses{{/toJson}} }}",
  "params": {
    "statuses" : {
        "status": [ "pending", "published" ]
    }
  }
}

which is rendered as:

{
  "query": {
    "terms": {
      "status": [
        "pending",
        "published"
      ]
    }
  }
}

A more complex example substitutes an array of JSON objects:

GET _search/template
{
    "inline": "{\"query\":{\"bool\":{\"must\": {{#toJson}}clauses{{/toJson}} }}}",
    "params": {
        "clauses": [
            { "term": { "user" : "foo" } },
            { "term": { "user" : "bar" } }
        ]
   }
}

which is rendered as:

{
    "query" : {
      "bool" : {
        "must" : [
          {
            "term" : {
                "user" : "foo"
            }
          },
          {
            "term" : {
                "user" : "bar"
            }
          }
        ]
      }
    }
}
Concatenating array of valuesedit

The {{#join}}array{{/join}} function can be used to concatenate the values of an array as a comma delimited string:

GET _search/template
{
  "inline": {
    "query": {
      "match": {
        "emails": "{{#join}}emails{{/join}}"
      }
    }
  },
  "params": {
    "emails": [ "username@email.com", "lastname@email.com" ]
  }
}

which is rendered as:

{
    "query" : {
        "match" : {
            "emails" : "username@email.com,lastname@email.com"
        }
    }
}

The function also accepts a custom delimiter:

GET _search/template
{
  "inline": {
    "query": {
      "range": {
        "born": {
            "gte"   : "{{date.min}}",
            "lte"   : "{{date.max}}",
            "format": "{{#join delimiter='||'}}date.formats{{/join delimiter='||'}}"
            }
      }
    }
  },
  "params": {
    "date": {
        "min": "2016",
        "max": "31/12/2017",
        "formats": ["dd/MM/yyyy", "yyyy"]
    }
  }
}

which is rendered as:

{
    "query" : {
      "range" : {
        "born" : {
          "gte" : "2016",
          "lte" : "31/12/2017",
          "format" : "dd/MM/yyyy||yyyy"
        }
      }
    }
}
Default valuesedit

A default value is written as {{var}}{{^var}}default{{/var}} for instance:

{
  "inline": {
    "query": {
      "range": {
        "line_no": {
          "gte": "{{start}}",
          "lte": "{{end}}{{^end}}20{{/end}}"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "params": { ... }
}

When params is { "start": 10, "end": 15 } this query would be rendered as:

{
    "range": {
        "line_no": {
            "gte": "10",
            "lte": "15"
        }
  }
}

But when params is { "start": 10 } this query would use the default value for end:

{
    "range": {
        "line_no": {
            "gte": "10",
            "lte": "20"
        }
    }
}
Conditional clausesedit

Conditional clauses cannot be expressed using the JSON form of the template. Instead, the template must be passed as a string. For instance, let’s say we wanted to run a match query on the line field, and optionally wanted to filter by line numbers, where start and end are optional.

The params would look like:

{
    "params": {
        "text":      "words to search for",
        "line_no": { 
            "start": 10, 
            "end":   20  
        }
    }
}

All three of these elements are optional.

We could write the query as:

{
  "query": {
    "bool": {
      "must": {
        "match": {
          "line": "{{text}}" 
        }
      },
      "filter": {
        {{#line_no}} 
          "range": {
            "line_no": {
              {{#start}} 
                "gte": "{{start}}" 
                {{#end}},{{/end}} 
              {{/start}} 
              {{#end}} 
                "lte": "{{end}}" 
              {{/end}} 
            }
          }
        {{/line_no}} 
      }
    }
  }
}

Fill in the value of param text

Include the range filter only if line_no is specified

Include the gte clause only if line_no.start is specified

Fill in the value of param line_no.start

Add a comma after the gte clause only if line_no.start AND line_no.end are specified

Include the lte clause only if line_no.end is specified

Fill in the value of param line_no.end

Note

As written above, this template is not valid JSON because it includes the section markers like {{#line_no}}. For this reason, the template should either be stored in a file (see the section called “Pre-registered templateedit”) or, when used via the REST API, should be written as a string:

"inline": "{\"query\":{\"bool\":{\"must\":{\"match\":{\"line\":\"{{text}}\"}},\"filter\":{{{#line_no}}\"range\":{\"line_no\":{{{#start}}\"gte\":\"{{start}}\"{{#end}},{{/end}}{{/start}}{{#end}}\"lte\":\"{{end}}\"{{/end}}}}{{/line_no}}}}}}"
Encoding URLsedit

The {{#url}}value{{/url}} function can be used to encode a string value in a HTML encoding form as defined in by the HTML specification.

As an example, it is useful to encode a URL:

GET _render/template
{
    "inline" : {
        "query" : {
            "term": {
                "http_access_log": "{{#url}}{{host}}/{{page}}{{/url}}"
            }
        }
    },
    "params": {
        "host": "https://www.elastic.co/",
        "page": "learn"
    }
}

The previous query will be rendered as:

{
    "template_output" : {
        "query" : {
            "term" : {
                "http_access_log" : "https%3A%2F%2Fwww.elastic.co%2F%2Flearn"
            }
        }
    }
}
Pre-registered templateedit

You can register search templates by storing it in the config/scripts directory, in a file using the .mustache extension. In order to execute the stored template, reference it by it’s name under the template key:

GET _search/template
{
    "file": "storedTemplate", 
    "params": {
        "query_string": "search for these words"
    }
}

Name of the query template in config/scripts/, i.e., storedTemplate.mustache.

You can also register search templates by storing it in the cluster state. There are REST APIs to manage these indexed templates.

POST _search/template/<templatename>
{
    "template": {
        "query": {
            "match": {
                "title": "{{query_string}}"
            }
        }
    }
}

This template can be retrieved by

GET _search/template/<templatename>

which is rendered as:

{
    "_id" : "<templatename>",
    "lang" : "mustache",
    "found" : true,
    "template" : "{\"query\":{\"match\":{\"title\":\"{{query_string}}\"}}}"
}

This template can be deleted by

DELETE _search/template/<templatename>

To use an indexed template at search time use:

GET _search/template
{
    "id": "<templateName>", 
    "params": {
        "query_string": "search for these words"
    }
}

Name of the query template stored in the .scripts index.

Validating templatesedit

A template can be rendered in a response with given parameters using

GET _render/template
{
  "inline": "{ \"query\": { \"terms\": {{#toJson}}statuses{{/toJson}} }}",
  "params": {
    "statuses" : {
        "status": [ "pending", "published" ]
    }
  }
}

This call will return the rendered template:

{
  "template_output": {
    "query": {
      "terms": {
        "status": [ 
          "pending",
          "published"
        ]
      }
    }
  }
}

status array has been populated with values from the params object.

File and indexed templates can also be rendered by replacing inline with file or id respectively. For example, to render a file template

GET _render/template
{
  "file": "my_template",
  "params": {
    "status": [ "pending", "published" ]
  }
}

Pre-registered templates can also be rendered using

GET _render/template/<template_name>
{
  "params": {
    "..."
  }
}
Explainedit

You can use explain parameter when running a template:

GET _search/template
{
  "file": "my_template",
  "params": {
    "status": [ "pending", "published" ]
  },
  "explain": true
}
Profilingedit

You can use profile parameter when running a template:

GET _search/template
{
  "file": "my_template",
  "params": {
    "status": [ "pending", "published" ]
  },
  "profile": true
}