Manage detection rulesedit

The Rules page allows you to view and manage all prebuilt and custom detection rules.

The Rules page

On the Rules page, you can:

Sort and filter the rules listedit

To sort the rules list, click the Rule, Last updated, or Enabled column header.

To sort by any other column, turn on the Technical preview toggle above the table. This experimental table view allows advanced sorting capabilities. If you experience performance issues when working with the table, you can turn this setting off.

To filter the rules list, enter a search term in the search bar and press Return:

  • Rule name — Enter a word or phrase from a rule’s name.
  • Index pattern — Enter an index pattern (such as filebeat-*) to display all rules that use it.
  • MITRE ATT&CK tactic or technique — Enter a MITRE ATT&CK tactic name (such as Defense Evasion) or technique number (such as TA0005) to display all associated rules.

Searches for index patterns and MITRE ATT&CK tactics and techniques must match exactly, are case sensitive, and do not support wildcards. For example, to find rules using the filebeat-* index pattern, the search term filebeat-* is valid, but filebeat and file* are not because they don’t exactly match the index pattern. Likewise, the MITRE ATT&CK tactic Defense Evasion is valid, but Defense, defense evasion, and Defense* are not.

Load and activate Elastic prebuilt rulesedit

To load the Elastic Security app’s prebuilt rules, go to ManageRulesLoad Elastic prebuilt rules and Timeline templates.

You can then activate whichever rules you want. If you delete any prebuilt rules, a button appears that enables you to reload all of the deleted ones.

Apart from the Elastic Endpoint rule, prebuilt rules are not activated by default. If you want to modify a prebuilt rule, you must first duplicate it, then make your changes to the duplicated rule. All Elastic prebuilt rules are tagged with the word Elastic.

To learn how to enable detection rules in Elastic Security, watch the tutorial at the end of this topic.

Select and duplicate all prebuilt rulesedit

  1. Go to ManageRules.
  2. Click Select all x rules above the rules table.
  3. Click Bulk actionsDuplicate.
  4. Select the Custom rules tab.

You can then modify the duplicated rules and, if required, delete the prebuilt ones.

Download latest Elastic prebuilt rulesedit

As of Elastic Stack >=7.13.0, you can download the latest version of Elastic prebuilt rules outside of a regular release cycle. This feature ensures you have the latest detection capabilities before upgrading to the latest Elastic Stack.

To download the latest version of prebuilt rules:

  1. In Kibana, go to ManagementIntegrations.
  2. Search for "Prebuilt Security Detection Rules."
  3. Select the integration, then select the Settings tab. The integration settings page is displayed.

    install prebuilt settings
  4. Click Install Prebuilt Security Detection Rules assets.
  5. Click Install Prebuilt Security Detection Rules to confirm the installation.

    install prebuilt rules

Confirm rule prerequisitesedit

Many Elastic prebuilt rules are designed to work with specific Elastic integrations and data fields. These prerequisites are identified in the Related integrations and Required fields fields on a rule’s details page (ManageRules, then click a rule’s name). Related integrations also displays each integration’s installation status and includes links for installing and configuring the listed integrations.

Additionally, the Setup guide section provides guidance on setting up the rule’s requirements.

Rule details page with Related integrations

You can also check rules' related integrations in the Rules and Rule Monitoring tables. Click the integrations badge to display the related integrations in a popup.

Rules table with related integrations popup

You can hide the integrations badge in the Rules tables. Go to KibanaStack ManagementAdvanced Settings, then turn off securitySolution:showRelatedIntegrations.

Modify existing rules settingsedit

You can edit an existing rule’s settings, and can bulk edit index patterns, tags, and Timeline templates for multiple rules at once.

For prebuilt Elastic rules, you can’t modify most settings. You can only edit rule actions and add exceptions.

If you try to bulk edit with both prebuilt and custom rules selected, the action will affect only custom rules.

  1. Go to ManageRules.
  2. Do one of the following:

    • Edit a single rule: Select the All actions menu (…​) on a rule, then select Edit rule settings. The Edit rule settings view opens, where you can modify the rule’s settings.
    • Bulk edit multiple rules: Select the rules you want to edit, then select an action from the Bulk actions menu:

      • Index patterns: Add or delete the index patterns used by all selected rules.
      • Tags: Add or delete tags on all selected rules.
      • Apply Timeline template: Apply a specified Timeline template to the selected rules. You can also choose None to remove Timeline templates from the selected rules.
  3. On the flyout that opens, update the settings.
  4. If available, select Overwrite all selected x to overwrite the settings on the rules. For example, if you’re adding tags to multiple rules, selecting Overwrite all selected rules tags removes all the rules' original tags and replaces them with the tags you specify.
  5. Click Save.

Manage rulesedit

You can duplicate, enable, disable, and delete rules:

  1. Go to ManageRules.
  2. Do one of the following:

    • Select the All actions menu (…​) on a rule, then select an action.
    • Select all the rules you want to modify, then select an action from the Bulk actions menu.
    • To enable or disable a single rule, switch on the rule’s Enabled toggle.

Export and import rulesedit

You can export custom detection rules to an .ndjson file, which you can then import into another Elastic Security environment.

You cannot export Elastic prebuilt rules, but you can duplicate a prebuilt rule, then export the duplicated rule.

If you try to export with both prebuilt and custom rules selected, only the custom rules are exported.

The .ndjson file also includes any actions and exception lists related to the exported rules. However, other configuration items require additional handling when exporting and importing rules:

  • Data views: For rules that use a Kibana data view as a data source, the exported file contains the associated data_view_id, but does not include any other data view configuration. To export/import between Kibana spaces, first use the Saved Objects UI (Stack ManagementKibanaSaved Objects) to share the data view with the destination space.

    To import into a different Elastic Stack deployment, the destination cluster must include a data view with a matching data view ID (configured in the data view’s advanced settings). Alternatively, after importing, you can manually reconfigure the rule to use an appropriate data view in the destination system.

  • Actions and connectors: Rule actions are included in the exported file, but the connectors used by the actions are not included. Use Kibana’s Saved Objects UI (Stack ManagementKibanaSaved Objects) to export and import any necessary connectors before you export and import the detection rules.
  • Value lists: Any value lists used for rule exceptions are not included in rule exports or imports. Use the Import value lists UI (ManageRulesImport value lists) to export and import value lists separately.

To export and import detection rules:

  1. Go to ManageRules.
  2. To export rules:

    1. In the rules table, select the rules you want to export.
    2. Select Bulk actionsExport, then save the exported file.
  3. To import rules:

    You need at least Read privileges for the Action and Connectors feature to import rules with actions. If you’re importing rules without actions, Action and Connectors feature privileges are not required. Refer to Enable and access detections for more information.

    1. Click Import rules.
    2. Drag and drop the file that contains the detection rules.

      Imported rules must be in an .ndjson file.

    3. (Optional) Select Overwrite existing detection rules with conflicting "rule_id" to update existing rules if they match the rule_id value of any rules in the import file. Configuration data included with the rules, such as actions, is also overwritten.
    4. (Optional) Select Overwrite existing exception lists with conflicting "list_id" to replace existing exception lists with exception lists from the import file if they have a matching list_id value.
    5. Click Import rule.

Tutorial: Enable detection rulesedit

To learn how to enable detection rules in Elastic Security, watch the following tutorial.