API keys are security mechanisms used to authenticate and authorize access to Elasticsearch resources. They ensure that only authorized users or applications interact with Elasticsearch.
For example, if you extract data from an Elasticsearch cluster on a daily basis, you might create an API key tied to your credentials, configure it with minimum access, and then put the API credentials into a cron job. Or you might create API keys to automate ingestion of new data from remote sources, without a live user interaction.
You can use Kibana to manage your different API keys:
- Personal API key: allows external services to access the Elastic Stack on behalf of a user.
- Cross-Cluster API key: allows remote clusters to connect to your local cluster.
- Managed API key: created and managed by Kibana to correctly run background tasks.
To manage API keys, open the main menu, then click Stack Management > Security > API Keys.
To use API keys in Kibana, you must have the
manage_api_key, or the
To delete API keys, you must have the
To create or update a personal API key, you must have the
To create or update a cross-cluster API key, you must have the
manage_securityprivilege and an Enterprise license.
To have a read-only view on the API keys, you must have access to the page and the
To manage roles, open the main menu, then click Stack Management > Security > Roles, or use the Kibana Role Management API.
Create an API keyedit
To create an API key, open the main menu, then click Stack Management > Security > API Keys > Create API key.
Refer to the create API key documentation to learn more about creating personal API keys.
Refer to the create cross-cluster API key documentation to learn more about creating cross-cluster API keys.
Update an API keyedit
To update an API key, open the main menu, click Stack Management > Security > API Keys, and then click on the name of the key. You cannot update the name or the type of API key.
Refer to the update API key documentation to learn more about updating personal API keys.
Refer to the update cross-cluster API key documentation to learn more about updating cross-cluster API keys.
View and delete API keysedit
The API Keys feature in Kibana lists your API keys, including the name, date created, and status. If an API key expires, its status changes from
If you have
manage_api_key permissions, you can view the API keys of all users, and see which API key was created by which user in which realm.
If you have only the
manage_own_api_key permission, you see only a list of your own keys.
You can delete API keys individually or in bulk, but you need the