Elastic Cloud Enterprise has a service-oriented architecture that lets you:
- Scale each service separately, with different reliability and performance requirements.
- Access services through the API.
- Deploy each service independently in its own Docker container.
The control plane of ECE include the following management services:
- ZooKeeper is a distributed, strongly consistent data store.
- Holds essential information for ECE components: Proxy routing tables, memory capacity advertised by the allocators, changes committed through Admin Console, and so on.
- Acts as a message bus for communication between the services.
- Talks to ECE components using STunnel.
- Stores the state of the ECE installation and the state of all deployments running in ECE.
- Manages the ZK data store and signs the CSRs (certificate signing requests) for internal clients that want to communicate with ZooKeeper.
- Maintains the stunnels used by ZooKeeper for communication and establishes quorum when new ZooKeeper nodes are created.
- Works like a scheduler that monitors requests from the Admin console.
- Determines what needs to be changed, and writes the changes to ZooKeeper nodes monitored by the allocators.
- Assigns cluster nodes to allocators.
- Maximizes the utilization of underlying allocators to reduce the need to spin up extra hardware for new deployments.
- Places cluster nodes and instances within different availability zones to ensure that the deployment can survive any downtime of a whole zone. You can designate these availability zones when you install ECE.
Cloud UI and API
Provide web and API access for administrators to manage and monitor the ECE installation.
- Handle user requests, mapping deployment IDs that are passed in request URLs for the container to the actual Elasticsearch cluster nodes and other instances. The association of deployment IDs to a container is stored in ZooKeeper, cached by the proxies. In the event of ZooKeeper downtime, the platform can still service the requests to existing deployments by using the cache.
- Keep track of the state and availability of zones, if you have a highly available Elasticsearch cluster. If one of the zones goes down, the proxy will not route any requests there.
- Help with no-downtime scaling and upgrades. Before performing an upgrade, a snapshot is taken, and data is migrated to the new nodes. When the migration is complete, a proxy switches the traffic to the new nodes and disconnects the old ones.
- Multiple proxies are usually configured behind a load balancer to ensure that the system remains available.
- Run on all the machines that host Elasticsearch nodes and Kibana instances.
Control the lifecycle of cluster nodes by:
- Creating new containers and starting Elasticsearch nodes when requested
- Restarting a node if it becomes unresponsive
- Removing a node if it is no longer needed
- Advertise the memory capacity of the underlying host machine to ZooKeeper so that the Constructor can make an informed decision on where to deploy.