When you log in, Kibana creates a session that is used to authenticate subsequent requests to Kibana. A session consists of two components: an encrypted cookie that is stored in your browser, and an encrypted document in a dedicated Elasticsearch hidden index. By default, the name of that index is
.kibana_security_session_1, where the prefix is derived from the primary
.kibana index. If either of these components are missing, the session is no longer valid.
When your session expires, or you log out, Kibana will invalidate your cookie and remove session information from the index. Kibana also periodically invalidates and removes any expired sessions that weren’t explicitly invalidated.
To manage user sessions programmatically, Kibana exposes session management APIs. For details, check out Session and cookie security settings.
You can use
xpack.security.session.idleTimeout to expire sessions after a period of inactivity. This and
xpack.security.session.lifespan are both highly recommended.
By default, sessions expire after 8 hours of inactivity. To define another value for a sliding session expiration, set the property in the
kibana.yml configuration file. The idle timeout is formatted as a duration of
<count>[ms|s|m|h|d|w|M|Y] (e.g. 20m, 24h, 7d, 1w). For example, set the idle timeout to expire sessions after 30 minutes of inactivity:
You can use
xpack.security.session.lifespan to configure the maximum session duration or "lifespan" — also known as the "absolute timeout". This and
xpack.security.session.idleTimeout are both highly recommended. By default, a maximum session lifespan is 30 days. To define another lifespan, set the property in the
kibana.yml configuration file. The lifespan is formatted as a duration of
<count>[ms|s|m|h|d|w|M|Y] (e.g. 20m, 24h, 7d, 1w). For example, set the lifespan to expire sessions after 7 days:
If you disable session idle timeout and lifespan, then Kibana will not automatically remove session information from the index unless you explicitly log out. This might lead to an infinitely growing session index. As long as either idle timeout or lifespan is configured, Kibana sessions will be cleaned up even if you don’t explicitly log out.
You can configure the interval at which Kibana tries to remove expired and invalid sessions from the session index. By default, this value is 1 hour and cannot be less than 10 seconds. To define another interval, set the
xpack.security.session.cleanupInterval property in the
kibana.yml configuration file. The interval is formatted as a duration of
<count>[ms|s|m|h|d|w|M|Y] (e.g. 20m, 24h, 7d, 1w). For example, schedule the session index cleanup to perform once a day:
By default, there is no limit to the maximum number of concurrent sessions each user can have in Kibana.
To add a limit, use the
xpack.security.session.сoncurrentSessions.maxSessions configuration option.
If set, the value of this option should be an integer between
When the limit is exceeded, the oldest session is automatically invalidated.
Due to the rate at which session information is refreshed, there might be a few seconds where the concurrent session limit is not enforced. This is something to consider for use cases where it is common to create multiple sessions simultaneously.
xpack.security.session.concurrentSessions: maxSessions: 3
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