Tutorial: Use role-based access control to customize Kibana spacesedit

With role-based access control (RBAC), you can provide users access to data, tools, and Kibana spaces. In this tutorial, you will learn how to configure roles that provide the right users with the right access to the data, tools, and Kibana spaces.

Scenarioedit

Our user is a web developer working on a bank’s online mortgage service. The web developer has these three requirements:

  • Have access to the data for that service
  • Build visualizations and dashboards
  • Monitor the performance of the system

You’ll provide the web developer with the access and privileges to get the job done.

Prerequisitesedit

To complete this tutorial, you’ll need the following:

  • Administrative privileges: You must have a role that grants privileges to create a space, role, and user. This is any role which grants the manage_security cluster privilege. By default, the superuser role provides this access. See the built-in roles.
  • A space: In this tutorial, use Dev Mortgage as the space name. See spaces management for details on creating a space.
  • Data: You can use sample data or live data. In the following steps, Filebeat and Metricbeat data are used.

Stepsedit

With the requirements in mind, here are the steps that you will work through in this tutorial:

  • Create a role named mortgage-developer
  • Give the role permission to access the data in the relevant indices
  • Give the role permission to create visualizations and dashboards
  • Create the web developer’s user account with the proper roles

Create a roleedit

Open the main menu, then click Stack Management > Roles for an overview of your roles. This view provides actions for you to create, edit, and delete roles.

Role management

You can create as many roles as you like. Click Create role and provide a name. Use dev-mortgage because this role is for a developer working on the bank’s mortgage application.

Give the role permission to access the dataedit

Access to data in indices is an index-level privilege, so in Index privileges, add lines for the indices that contain the data for this role. Two privileges are required: read and view_index_metadata. All privileges are detailed in the security privileges documentation.

In the screenshots, Filebeat and Metricbeat data is used, but you should use the index patterns for your indices.

Index privilege

Give the role permission to create visualizations and dashboardsedit

By default, roles do not give Kibana privileges. Click Add space privilege and associate this role with the Dev Mortgage space.

To enable users with the dev-mortgage role to create visualizations and dashboards, click All for Visualize and Dashboard. Also assign All for Discover because it is common for developers to create saved searches while designing visualizations.

Associate space

Create the developer user account with the proper rolesedit

  1. Open the main menu, then click Stack Management > Users.
  2. Click Create user, then give the user the dev-mortgage and monitoring-user roles, which are required for Stack Monitoring users.
Developer user

Finally, have the developer log in and access the Dev Mortgage space and create a new visualization.

If the user is assigned to only one space, they will automatically enter that space on login.