Elasticsearch’s SQL jdbc driver is a rich, fully featured JDBC driver for Elasticsearch. It is Type 4 driver, meaning it is a platform independent, stand-alone, Direct to Database, pure Java driver that converts JDBC calls to Elasticsearch SQL.


The JDBC driver can be obtained from:

Dedicated page
elastic.co provides links, typically for manual downloads.
Maven dependency
Maven-compatible tools can retrieve it automatically as a dependency:

from Maven Central Repository, or from artifacts.elastic.co/maven by adding it to the repositories list:



The driver main class is org.elasticsearch.xpack.sql.jdbc.EsDriver. Note the driver implements the JDBC 4.0 Service Provider mechanism meaning it is registered automatically as long as it is available in the classpath.

Once registered, the driver understands the following syntax as an URL:

Prefix. Mandatory.
Type of HTTP connection to make. Possible values are http (default) or https. Optional.
Host (localhost by default) and port (9200 by default). Optional.
Prefix (empty by default). Typically used when hosting Elasticsearch under a certain path. Optional.
Properties for the JDBC driver. Empty by default. Optional.

The driver recognized the following properties:

timezone (default JVM timezone)
Timezone used by the driver per connection indicated by its ID. Highly recommended to set it (to, say, UTC) as the JVM timezone can vary, is global for the entire JVM and can’t be changed easily when running under a security manager.
connect.timeout (default 30s)
Connection timeout (in seconds). That is the maximum amount of time waiting to make a connection to the server.
network.timeout (default 60s)
Network timeout (in seconds). That is the maximum amount of time waiting for the network.
page.timeout (default 45s)
Page timeout (in seconds). That is the maximum amount of time waiting for a page.
page.size (default 1000)
Page size (in entries). The number of results returned per page by the server.
query.timeout (default 90s)
Query timeout (in seconds). That is the maximum amount of time waiting for a query to return.

Basic Authenticationedit

Basic Authentication user name
Basic Authentication password


ssl (default false)
Enable SSL
key store (if used) location
key store password
ssl.keystore.type (default JKS)
key store type. PKCS12 is a common, alternative format
trust store location
trust store password
ssl.truststore.type (default JKS)
trust store type. PKCS12 is a common, alternative format
ssl.protocol(default TLS)
SSL protocol to be used


Http proxy host name
SOCKS proxy host name


field.multi.value.leniency (default true)
Whether to be lenient and return the first value (without any guarantees of what that will be - typically the first in natural ascending order) for fields with multiple values (true) or throw an exception.


index.include.frozen (default false)
Whether to include frozen-indices in the query execution or not (default).


validate.properties (default true)
If disabled, it will ignore any misspellings or unrecognizable properties. When enabled, an exception will be thrown if the provided property cannot be recognized.

To put all of it together, the following URL:


opens up a Elasticsearch SQL connection to server on port 3456, setting the JDBC connection timezone to UTC and its pagesize to 250 entries.