To import geospatical data into the Elastic Stack, the data must be indexed as geo_point or geo_shape. Geospatial data comes in many formats. Choose an import tool based on the format of your geospatial data.
The Elastic Stack security features provide roles and privileges that control which users can upload files. You can manage your roles, privileges, and spaces in Stack Management in Kibana. For more information, see Security privileges, Kibana privileges, and Kibana role management.
To upload GeoJSON files in Kibana with Maps, you must have:
allKibana privilege for Maps.
allKibana privilege for Index Pattern Management.
create_indexindex privileges for destination indices.
To use the index in Maps, you must also have the
view_index_metadataindex privileges for destination indices.
To upload CSV files in Kibana with the File Data Visualizer, you must have privileges to upload GeoJSON files and:
readKibana privilege for Machine Learning.
Upload CSV with latitude and longitude columnsedit
File Data Visualizer indexes CSV files with latitude and longitude columns as a geo_point.
- Open the main menu, then click Machine Learning.
- Select the Data Visualizer tab, then click Upload file.
- Use the file chooser to select a CSV file.
- Click Import.
- Select the Advanced tab.
- Set Index name.
- Click Add combined field, then click Add geo point field.
- Fill out the form and click Add.
- Click Import.
Upload a GeoJSON fileedit
Upload GeoJSON indexes GeoJSON features as a geo_point or geo_shape.
- Create a new map.
- Click Add layer.
- Select Upload GeoJSON.
- Use the file chooser to select a GeoJSON file.
- Click Import file.
Upload data with IP addressesedit
The GeoIP processor adds information about the geographical location of IP addresses. See GeoIP processor for details. For private IP addresses, see Enriching data with GeoIPs from internal, private IP addresses.
Upload data with GDALedit
GDAL (Geospatial Data Abstraction Library) contains command line tools that can convert geospatial data between 75 different geospatial file formats and index that geospatial data into Elasticsearch. See Ingest geospatial data into Elasticsearch with GDAL for details.