Troubleshooting Common Problemsedit

We are adding more troubleshooting tips, so please check back soon. If you have something to add, please:

Also check out the Logstash discussion forum.

Installation and setupedit

Inaccessible temp directoryedit

Certain versions of the JRuby runtime and libraries in certain plugins (the Netty network library in the TCP input, for example) copy executable files to the temp directory. This situation causes subsequent failures when /tmp is mounted noexec.

Sample error

[2018-03-25T12:23:01,149][ERROR][org.logstash.Logstash ]
java.lang.IllegalStateException: org.jruby.exceptions.RaiseException:
(LoadError) Could not load FFI Provider: (NotImplementedError) FFI not
available: java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError: /tmp/jffi5534463206038012403.so:
/tmp/jffi5534463206038012403.so: failed to map segment from shared object:
Operation not permitted

Possible solutions

  • Change setting to mount /tmp with exec.
  • Specify an alternate directory using the -Djava.io.tmpdir setting in the jvm.options file.

Data ingestionedit

Error response code 429edit

A 429 message indicates that an application is busy handling other requests. For example, Elasticsearch sends a 429 code to notify Logstash (or other indexers) that the bulk failed because the ingest queue is full. Logstash will retry sending documents.

Possible actions

Check Elasticsearch to see if it needs attention.

Sample error

[2018-08-21T20:05:36,111][INFO ][logstash.outputs.elasticsearch] retrying
failed action with response code: 429
({"type"=>"es_rejected_execution_exception", "reason"=>"rejected execution of
org.elasticsearch.transport.TransportService$7@85be457 on
EsThreadPoolExecutor[bulk, queue capacity = 200,
org.elasticsearch.common.util.concurrent.EsThreadPoolExecutor@538c9d8a[Running,
pool size = 16, active threads = 16, queued tasks = 200, completed tasks =
685]]"})

General performance tuningedit

For general performance tuning tips and guidelines, see Performance Tuning.

Common Kafka support issues and solutionsedit

Kafka session timeout issues (input side)edit

Symptoms

Throughput issues and duplicate event processing Logstash logs warnings:

[2017-10-18T03:37:59,302][WARN][org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.internals.ConsumerCoordinator]
Auto offset commit failed for group clap_tx1: Commit cannot be completed since
the group has already rebalanced and assigned the partitions to another member.

The time between subsequent calls to poll() was longer than the configured session.timeout.ms, which typically implies that the poll loop is spending too much time processing messages. You can address this by increasing the session timeout or by reducing the maximum size of batches returned in poll() with max.poll.records.

[INFO][org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.internals.ConsumerCoordinator] Revoking
previously assigned partitions [] for group log-ronline-node09
`[2018-01-29T14:54:06,485][INFO]`[org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.internals.ConsumerCoordinator]
Setting newly assigned partitions [elk-pmbr-9] for group log-pmbr

Background

Kafka tracks the individual consumers in a consumer group (for example, a number of Logstash instances) and tries to give each consumer one or more specific partitions of data in the topic they’re consuming. In order to achieve this, Kafka tracks whether or not a consumer (Logstash Kafka input thread) is making progress on their assigned partition, and reassigns partitions that have not made progress in a set timeframe.

When Logstash requests more events from the Kafka Broker than it can process within the timeout, it triggers reassignment of partitions. Reassignment of partitions takes time, and can cause duplicate processing of events and significant throughput problems.

Possible solutions

  • Reduce the number of records per request that Logstash polls from the Kafka Broker in one request,
  • Reduce the number of Kafka input threads, and/or
  • Increase the relevant timeouts in the Kafka Consumer configuration.

Details

The max_poll_records option sets the number of records to be pulled in one request. If it exceeds the default value of 500, try reducing it.

The consumer_threads option sets the number of input threads. If the value exceeds the number of pipeline workers configured in the logstash.yml file, it should certainly be reduced. If the value is greater than 4, try reducing it to 4 or less if the client has the time/resources for it. Try starting with a value of 1, and then incrementing from there to find the optimal performance.

The session_timeout_ms option sets the relevant timeout. Set it to a value that ensures that the number of events in max_poll_records can be safely processed within the time limit.

EXAMPLE
Pipeline throughput is `10k/s` and `max_poll_records` is set to 1k =>. The value
must be at least 100ms if `consumer_threads` is set to `1`. If it is set to a
higher value `n`, then the minimum session timeout increases proportionally to
`n * 100ms`.

In practice the value must be set much higher than the theoretical value because the behavior of the outputs and filters in a pipeline follows a distribution. The value should also be higher than the maximum time you expect your outputs to stall. The default setting is 10s == 10000ms. If you are experiencing periodic problems with an output that can stall because of load or similar effects (such as the Elasticsearch output), there is little downside to increasing this value significantly to say 60s.

From a performance perspective, decreasing the max_poll_records value is preferable to increasing the timeout value. Increasing the timeout is your only option if the client’s issues are caused by periodically stalling outputs. Check logs for evidence of stalling outputs, such as ES output logging status 429.

Large number of offset commits (Kafka input side)edit

Symptoms

Logstash’s Kafka Input is causing a much higher number of commits to the offset topic than expected. Often the complaint also mentions redundant offset commits where the same offset is committed repeatedly.

Solution

For Kafka Broker versions 0.10.2.1 to 1.0.x: The problem is caused by a bug in Kafka. https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/KAFKA-6362 The client’s best option is upgrading their Kafka Brokers to version 1.1 or newer.

For older versions of Kafka or if the above does not fully resolve the issue: The problem can also be caused by setting the value for poll_timeout_ms too low relative to the rate at which the Kafka Brokers receive events themselves (or if Brokers periodically idle between receiving bursts of events). Increasing the value set for poll_timeout_ms proportionally decreases the number of offsets commits in this scenario. For example, raising it by 10x will lead to 10x fewer offset commits.

Codec Errors in Kafka Input (before Plugin Version 6.3.4 only)edit

Symptoms

Logstash Kafka input randomly logs errors from the configured codec and/or reads events incorrectly (partial reads, mixing data between multiple events etc.).

Log example:  [2018-02-05T13:51:25,773][FATAL][logstash.runner          ] An
unexpected error occurred! {:error=>#<TypeError: can't convert nil into String>,
:backtrace=>["org/jruby/RubyArray.java:1892:in `join'",
"org/jruby/RubyArray.java:1898:in `join'",
"/usr/share/logstash/logstash-core/lib/logstash/util/buftok.rb:87:in `extract'",
"/usr/share/logstash/vendor/bundle/jruby/1.9/gems/logstash-codec-line-3.0.8/lib/logstash/codecs/line.rb:38:in
`decode'",
"/usr/share/logstash/vendor/bundle/jruby/1.9/gems/logstash-input-kafka-5.1.11/lib/logstash/inputs/kafka.rb:241:in
`thread_runner'",
"file:/usr/share/logstash/vendor/jruby/lib/jruby.jar!/jruby/java/java_ext/java.lang.rb:12:in
`each'",
"/usr/share/logstash/vendor/bundle/jruby/1.9/gems/logstash-input-kafka-5.1.11/lib/logstash/inputs/kafka.rb:240:in
`thread_runner'"]}

Background

There was a bug in the way the Kafka Input plugin was handling codec instances when running on multiple threads (consumer_threads set to > 1). https://github.com/logstash-plugins/logstash-input-kafka/issues/210

Solution

  • Upgrade Kafka Input plugin to v. 6.3.4 or later.
  • If (and only if) upgrading is not possible, set consumer_threads to 1.

Other issuesedit

Coming soon