Accessing Data in Pipelinesedit

The processors in a pipeline have read and write access to documents that pass through the pipeline. The processors can access fields in the source of a document and the document’s metadata fields.

Accessing Fields in the Sourceedit

Accessing a field in the source is straightforward. You simply refer to fields by their name. For example:

{
  "set": {
    "field": "my_field"
    "value": 582.1
  }
}

On top of this, fields from the source are always accessible via the _source prefix:

{
  "set": {
    "field": "_source.my_field"
    "value": 582.1
  }
}

Accessing Metadata Fieldsedit

You can access metadata fields in the same way that you access fields in the source. This is possible because Elasticsearch doesn’t allow fields in the source that have the same name as metadata fields.

The following example sets the _id metadata field of a document to 1:

{
  "set": {
    "field": "_id"
    "value": "1"
  }
}

The following metadata fields are accessible by a processor: _index, _type, _id, _routing.

Accessing Ingest Metadata Fieldsedit

Beyond metadata fields and source fields, ingest also adds ingest metadata to the documents that it processes. These metadata properties are accessible under the _ingest key. Currently ingest adds the ingest timestamp under the _ingest.timestamp key of the ingest metadata. The ingest timestamp is the time when Elasticsearch received the index or bulk request to pre-process the document.

Any processor can add ingest-related metadata during document processing. Ingest metadata is transient and is lost after a document has been processed by the pipeline. Therefore, ingest metadata won’t be indexed.

The following example adds a field with the name received. The value is the ingest timestamp:

{
  "set": {
    "field": "received"
    "value": "{{_ingest.timestamp}}"
  }
}

Unlike Elasticsearch metadata fields, the ingest metadata field name _ingest can be used as a valid field name in the source of a document. Use _source._ingest to refer to the field in the source document. Otherwise, _ingest will be interpreted as an ingest metadata field.

Accessing Fields and Metafields in Templatesedit

A number of processor settings also support templating. Settings that support templating can have zero or more template snippets. A template snippet begins with {{ and ends with }}. Accessing fields and metafields in templates is exactly the same as via regular processor field settings.

The following example adds a field named field_c. Its value is a concatenation of the values of field_a and field_b.

{
  "set": {
    "field": "field_c"
    "value": "{{field_a}} {{field_b}}"
  }
}

The following example uses the value of the geoip.country_iso_code field in the source to set the index that the document will be indexed into:

{
  "set": {
    "field": "_index"
    "value": "{{geoip.country_iso_code}}"
  }
}