Setting up a Separate Monitoring Clusteredit

To store monitoring data in a separate cluster:

  1. Set up the Elasticsearch cluster you want to use for monitoring, install X-Pack, and start Elasticsearch. For example, you might set up a two host cluster with the nodes es-mon-1 and es-mon-2.

    To monitor an Elasticsearch 5.0 cluster, you must run Elasticsearch 5.0 on the monitoring cluster. While installing X-Pack on the monitoring cluster is not absolutely required, it is strongly recommended.

  2. Install X-Pack on the nodes in your production cluster.
  3. If X-Pack security is enabled on the monitoring cluster, create a user on the monitoring cluster that has the remote_monitoring_agent role. You can create users from Management / Users in Kibana. The Kibana instance must be connected to the monitoring cluster. You can also create users through the user API. For example, the following request creates a remote_monitor user that has the remote_monitoring_agent role:

    POST /_xpack/security/user/remote_monitor
      "password" : "changeme",
      "roles" : [ "remote_monitoring_agent"],
      "full_name" : "Internal Agent For Remote Monitoring"
  4. Configure the nodes in your production cluster to send metrics to your monitoring cluster by configuring an HTTP exporter in the xpack.monitoring.exporters settings in elasticsearch.yml:

        type: http
        host: ["http://es-mon-1:9200", "http://es-mon2:9200"] 
        auth.username: remote_monitor 
        auth.password: changeme

    If SSL/TLS is enabled on the monitoring cluster, you must connect through HTTPS and specify the trusted certificates that will be used to verify the identity of the nodes in the monitoring cluster. For more information, see Monitoring and Security.

    If X-Pack security is disabled on the monitoring cluster, you can omit auth.username and auth.password.

  5. Restart Elasticsearch on the nodes in your production cluster

    You may want to temporarily disable shard allocation before you restart your nodes to avoid unnecessary shard reallocation during the install process.

  6. Install X-Pack into Kibana.
  7. Configure Kibana to connect to your monitoring cluster by setting the xpack.monitoring.elasticsearch properties in the kibana.yml configuration file.

    1. Set the url property to point to your monitoring cluster. For example:

      xpack.monitoring.elasticsearch.url: "http://es-mon-1:9200"
    2. Configure credentials for Kibana to use to connect to the monitoring cluster if X-Pack security is enabled on the monitoring cluster. Create a user, for example one named kibana-monitor, with the roles kibana_user and monitoring_user in the monitoring cluster. xpack.monitoring.elasticsearch.username and xpack.monitoring.elasticsearch.password settings accordingly.

      xpack.monitoring.elasticsearch.username: "kibana-monitor"
      xpack.monitoring.elasticsearch.password: "changeme"
    3. If SSL is enabled on the monitoring cluster, you must configure the SSL properties. These properties have the same options as Kibana’s primary connection to Elasticsearch. For example: "/path/to/ca/file"

      For more information, see the elasticsearch.ssl properties in Setting Kibana Server Properties.

  8. Start Kibana by running bin/kibana.
  9. To verify your X-Pack monitoring installation, point your web browser at your Kibana host, and select Monitoring from the side navigation.


HTTP Exporteredit

X-Pack monitoring agents default to indexing data into the cluster where they’re running. In production, you should use an http exporter to send data to a separate monitoring cluster. When you configure an exporter in elasticsearch.yml, the default local exporter is disabled.

The http exporter uses the low-level Elasticsearch REST Client. This allows the http exporter to send its data to any Elasticsearch cluster it can access through the network.

The http exporter supports a number of settings that control how it communicates over HTTP to remote clusters. In most cases, it is not necessary to explicitly configure these settings. For detailed descriptions, see Monitoring Settings.

    type: local
    type: http
    host: [ "", ... ] 
      username: my_username
      password: changeme
      timeout: 6s
      read_timeout: 60s
    ssl: ... 
      base_path: /some/base/path 
      My-Proxy-Header: abc123
      My-Other-Thing: [ def456, ... ] YYYY-MM 

A local exporter defined explicitly whose arbitrary name is my_local.

An http exporter defined whose arbitrary name is my_remote.

host is a required setting for http exporters, which can take a few different forms. See HTTP Exporter Settings.

User authentication for those using X-Pack Security or some other form of user authentication protecting the cluster.

See X-Pack monitoring TLS/SSL Settings for all TLS / SSL settings. If not supplied, the default node-level TLS / SSL settings will be used.

Optional base path to prefix any outgoing request with in order to work with proxies.

Arbitrary key/value pairs to define as headers to send with every request. The array-based key/value format sends one header per value.

A mechanism for changing the date suffix used by default.