Overview

There are a few concepts that are core to machine learning in X-Pack. Understanding these concepts from the outset will tremendously help ease the learning process.

Jobs

Machine learning jobs contain the configuration information and metadata necessary to perform an analytics task. For a list of the properties associated with a job, see Job Resources.

Datafeeds

Jobs can analyze either a one-off batch of data or continuously in real time. Datafeeds retrieve data from Elasticsearch for analysis. Alternatively you can POST data from any source directly to an API.

Detectors

As part of the configuration information that is associated with a job, detectors define the type of analysis that needs to be done. They also specify which fields to analyze. You can have more than one detector in a job, which is more efficient than running multiple jobs against the same data. For a list of the properties associated with detectors, see Detector Configuration Objects.

Buckets

The X-Pack machine learning features use the concept of a bucket to divide the time series into batches for processing. The bucket span is part of the configuration information for a job. It defines the time interval that is used to summarize and model the data. This is typically between 5 minutes to 1 hour and it depends on your data characteristics. When you set the bucket span, take into account the granularity at which you want to analyze, the frequency of the input data, the typical duration of the anomalies, and the frequency at which alerting is required.

Machine learning nodes

A machine learning node is a node that has xpack.ml.enabled and node.ml set to true, which is the default behavior. If you set node.ml to false, the node can service API requests but it cannot run jobs. If you want to use X-Pack machine learning features, there must be at least one machine learning node in your cluster. For more information about this setting, see X-Pack Settings.

Analytical functions

See Function Reference.