Using Elasticsearch Java Clients with Shield

Shield supports the Java transport client for Elasticsearch. The transport client uses the same transport protocol that the cluster nodes use for inter-node communication. It is very efficient as it does not have to marshall and unmarshall JSON requests like a typical REST client.

Note

Using the Java Node Client with Shield is not recommended or supported.

Configuring the Transport Client to work with Shield

To use the transport client with Shield, you need to:

  1. Configure a user with the privileges required to start the transport client. A default transport_client role is defined in roles.yml that grants the cluster:monitor/nodes/info cluster permission. The transport client uses the node info API to fetch information about the nodes in the cluster. If the client is configured to use sniffing, you need to add the cluster:monitor/state cluster permission to the transport_client role.
  2. Add the Shield JAR file (shield-2.0.0.jar) to your CLASSPATH. You can download the Shield distribution and extract the JAR file manually or you can get it from the Elasticsearch Maven repository.

    If you are using Maven, you need to add the Shield JAR file as a dependency in your project’s pom.xml file:

    <project ...>
    
       <repositories>
          <!-- add the elasticsearch repo -->
          <repository>
             <id>elasticsearch-releases</id>
             <url>https://maven.elasticsearch.org/releases</url>
             <releases>
                <enabled>true</enabled>
             </releases>
             <snapshots>
                <enabled>false</enabled>
             </snapshots>
          </repository>
          ...
       </repositories>
       ...
    
       <dependencies>
          <!-- add the shield jar as a dependency -->
          <dependency>
             <groupId>org.elasticsearch.plugin</groupId>
             <artifactId>shield</artifactId>
             <version>2.0.0</version>
          </dependency>
          ...
       </dependencies>
       ...
    
     </project>

    If you are using Gradle, you need to add the Shield JAR file as a dependency in your build.gradle file:

    repositories {
      /* ... Any other repositories ... */
    
      // Add the Elasticsearch Maven Repository
      maven {
        url "https://maven.elasticsearch.org/releases"
      }
    }
    
    dependencies {
      // Provide the Shield jar on the classpath for compilation and at runtime
      // Note: Many projects can use the Shield jar as a runtime dependency
      compile "org.elasticsearch.plugin:shield:2.0.0"
    
      /* ... */
    }
  3. Set up the transport client. At a minimum, you must configure shield.user to include the name and password of your transport client user in your requests. The following snippet configures the user credentials globally—every request submitted with this client includes the transport_client_user credentials in its headers.

    import org.elasticsearch.client.transport.TransportClient;
    ...
    
    TransportClient client = TransportClient.builder()
        .settings(Settings.builder()
            .put("cluster.name", "myClusterName")
            .put("shield.user", "transport_client_user:changeme")
            .put("plugin.types", "org.elasticsearch.shield.ShieldPlugin")
            ...
            .build())
        .addTransportAddress(new InetSocketTransportAddress("localhost", 9300))
        .addTransportAddress(new InetSocketTransportAddress("localhost", 9301));
    Warning

    If you configure a transport client without SSL, passwords are sent in plaintext.

    You can also add an Authorization header to each request. If you’ve configured global authorization credentials, the Authorization header overrides the global authentication credentials. This is useful when an application has multiple users who access Elasticsearch using the same client. You can set the global token to a user that only has the transport_client role, and add the transport_client role to the individual users.

    For example, the following snippet adds the Authorization header to a search request:

    import org.elasticsearch.client.transport.TransportClient;
    import org.elasticsearch.common.settings.Settings;
    import org.elasticsearch.common.transport.InetSocketTransportAddress;
    import org.elasticsearch.shield.authc.support.SecuredString;
    
    import static org.elasticsearch.shield.authc.support.UsernamePasswordToken.basicAuthHeaderValue;
    ...
    
    TransportClient client = TransportClient.builder()
        .settings(Settings.builder()
            .put("cluster.name", "myClusterName")
            .put("shield.user", "transport_client_user:changeme")
            .put("plugin.types", "org.elasticsearch.shield.ShieldPlugin")
            ...
            .build())
        .build()
        .addTransportAddress(new InetSocketTransportAddress(InetAddress.getByName("localhost"), 9300))
        .addTransportAddress(new InetSocketTransportAddress(InetAddress.getByName("localhost"), 9301))
    
    String token = basicAuthHeaderValue("test_user", new SecuredString("changeme".toCharArray()));
    
    client.prepareSearch().putHeader("Authorization", token).get();
  4. Enable SSL to authenticate clients and encrypt communications. To enable SSL, you need to:

    1. Configure the client’s keystore path and password. Client authentication requires every client to have a certification signed by a trusted CA.

      Note

      Client authentication is enabled by default. For information about disabling client authentication, see Disabling Client Authentication.

      import org.elasticsearch.client.transport.TransportClient;
      ...
      
      TransportClient client = TransportClient.builder()
          .settings(Settings.builder()
              .put("cluster.name", "myClusterName")
              .put("plugin.types", "org.elasticsearch.shield.ShieldPlugin")
              .put("shield.user", "transport_client_user:changeme")
              .put("shield.ssl.keystore.path", "/path/to/client.jks") (1)
              .put("shield.ssl.keystore.password", "password")
              ...
              .build());

      (1) The client.jks keystore must contain the client’s signed certificate and the CA certificate.

    2. Enable the SSL transport by setting shield.transport.ssl to true in the client configuration.

      import org.elasticsearch.client.transport.TransportClient;
      ...
      
      TransportClient client = TransportClient.builder()
          .settings(Settings.builder()
              .put("cluster.name", "myClusterName")
              .put("shield.user", "transport_client_user:changeme")
              .put("shield.ssl.keystore.path", "/path/to/client.jks") (1)
              .put("shield.ssl.keystore.password", "password")
              .put("shield.transport.ssl", "true")
              .put("plugin.types", "org.elasticsearch.shield.ShieldPlugin")
              ...
              .build())
          .addTransportAddress(new InetSocketTransportAddress(InetAddress.getByName("localhost"), 9300))
          .addTransportAddress(new InetSocketTransportAddress(InetAddress.getByName("localhost"), 9301))
Disabling Client Authentication

If you want to disable client authentication, you can use a client-specific transport protocol. For more information, Separating Node to Node and Client Traffic.

If you are not using client authentication and sign the Elasticsearch node certificates with your own CA, you need to set the truststore path and password in the client configuration:

import org.elasticsearch.client.transport.TransportClient;
...

TransportClient client = TransportClient.builder()
    .settings(Settings.builder()
        .put("cluster.name", "myClusterName")
        .put("shield.user", "test_user:changeme")
        .put("shield.ssl.truststore.path", "/path/to/truststore.jks") (1)
        .put("shield.ssl.truststore.password", "password")
        .put("shield.transport.ssl", "true")
        .put("plugin.types", "org.elasticsearch.shield.ShieldPlugin")
        ...
        .build())
    .addTransportAddress(new InetSocketTransportAddress("localhost", 9300))
    .addTransportAddress(new InetSocketTransportAddress("localhost", 9301));

(1) The truststore.jks truststore must contain the certificate of the CA that signed the Elasticsearch node certificates.

Note

If you are using a public CA that is already trusted by the Java runtime, you to not need to set the shield.ssl.truststore.path and shield.ssl.truststore.password.

Connecting Anonymously [1.1.0] Added in 1.1.0.

To enable the transport client to connect anonymously, you must assign the anonymous user the privileges defined in the transport_client role. Anonymous access must also be enabled, of course. For more information, see Enabling Anonymous Access.

Shield Client

Shield exposes its own API through the ShieldClient class. At the moment, this API only exposes one operation, for clearing the realm caches. ShieldClient is a wrapper around the existing clients (any client class implementing org.elasticsearch.client.Client).

The following example shows how you can clear Shield’s realm caches using ShieldClient:

import static org.elasticsearch.node.NodeBuilder.*;
...

Client client = ... // create the transport client

ShieldClient shieldClient = new ShieldClient(client);
ClearRealmCacheResponse response = shieldClient.authc().prepareClearRealmCache()
    .realms("ldap1", "ad1") (1)
    .usernames("rdeniro")
    .get();

(1) Clears the ldap1 and ad1 realm caches for the rdeniro user.