Get APIedit

Retrieves the specified JSON document from an index.

GET my-index-000001/_doc/0


GET <index>/_doc/<_id>

HEAD <index>/_doc/<_id>

GET <index>/_source/<_id>

HEAD <index>/_source/<_id>


  • If the Elasticsearch security features are enabled, you must have the read index privilege for the target index or index alias.


You use GET to retrieve a document and its source or stored fields from a particular index. Use HEAD to verify that a document exists. You can use the _source resource retrieve just the document source or verify that it exists.


By default, the get API is realtime, and is not affected by the refresh rate of the index (when data will become visible for search). In case where stored fields are requested (see stored_fields parameter) and the document has been updated but is not yet refreshed, the get API will have to parse and analyze the source to extract the stored fields. In order to disable realtime GET, the realtime parameter can be set to false.

Source filteringedit

By default, the get operation returns the contents of the _source field unless you have used the stored_fields parameter or if the _source field is disabled. You can turn off _source retrieval by using the _source parameter:

GET my-index-000001/_doc/0?_source=false

If you only need one or two fields from the _source, use the _source_includes or _source_excludes parameters to include or filter out particular fields. This can be especially helpful with large documents where partial retrieval can save on network overhead. Both parameters take a comma separated list of fields or wildcard expressions. Example:

GET my-index-000001/_doc/0?_source_includes=*.id&_source_excludes=entities

If you only want to specify includes, you can use a shorter notation:

GET my-index-000001/_doc/0?_source=*.id

If routing is used during indexing, the routing value also needs to be specified to retrieve a document. For example:

GET my-index-000001/_doc/2?routing=user1

This request gets the document with id 2, but it is routed based on the user. The document is not fetched if the correct routing is not specified.


Controls a preference of which shard replicas to execute the get request on. By default, the operation is randomized between the shard replicas.

The preference can be set to:

The operation will prefer to be executed on a local allocated shard if possible.
Custom (string) value
A custom value will be used to guarantee that the same shards will be used for the same custom value. This can help with "jumping values" when hitting different shards in different refresh states. A sample value can be something like the web session id, or the user name.

The refresh parameter can be set to true in order to refresh the relevant shard before the get operation and make it searchable. Setting it to true should be done after careful thought and verification that this does not cause a heavy load on the system (and slows down indexing).


The get operation gets hashed into a specific shard id. It then gets redirected to one of the replicas within that shard id and returns the result. The replicas are the primary shard and its replicas within that shard id group. This means that the more replicas we have, the better GET scaling we will have.

Versioning supportedit

You can use the version parameter to retrieve the document only if its current version is equal to the specified one.

Internally, Elasticsearch has marked the old document as deleted and added an entirely new document. The old version of the document doesn’t disappear immediately, although you won’t be able to access it. Elasticsearch cleans up deleted documents in the background as you continue to index more data.

Path parametersedit

(Required, string) Name of the index that contains the document.
(Required, string) Unique identifier of the document.

Query parametersedit

(Optional, string) Specifies the node or shard the operation should be performed on. Random by default.
(Optional, Boolean) If true, the request is real-time as opposed to near-real-time. Defaults to true. See Realtime.
(Optional, Boolean) If true, the request refreshes the relevant shard before retrieving the document. Defaults to false.
(Optional, string) Custom value used to route operations to a specific shard.
(Optional, Boolean) If true, retrieves the document fields stored in the index rather than the document _source. Defaults to false.
(Optional, string) True or false to return the _source field or not, or a list of fields to return.

(Optional, string) A comma-separated list of source fields to exclude from the response.

You can also use this parameter to exclude fields from the subset specified in _source_includes query parameter.

If the _source parameter is false, this parameter is ignored.


(Optional, string) A comma-separated list of source fields to include in the response.

If this parameter is specified, only these source fields are returned. You can exclude fields from this subset using the _source_excludes query parameter.

If the _source parameter is false, this parameter is ignored.

(Optional, integer) Explicit version number for concurrency control. The specified version must match the current version of the document for the request to succeed.
(Optional, enum) Specific version type: external, external_gte.

Response bodyedit

The name of the index the document belongs to.
The unique identifier for the document.
The document version. Incremented each time the document is updated.
The sequence number assigned to the document for the indexing operation. Sequence numbers are used to ensure an older version of a document doesn’t overwrite a newer version. See Optimistic concurrency control.
The primary term assigned to the document for the indexing operation. See Optimistic concurrency control.
Indicates whether the document exists: true or false.
The explicit routing, if set.
If found is true, contains the document data formatted in JSON. Excluded if the _source parameter is set to false or the stored_fields parameter is set to true.
If the stored_fields parameter is set to true and found is true, contains the document fields stored in the index.


Retrieve the JSON document with the _id 0 from the my-index-000001 index:

GET my-index-000001/_doc/0

The API returns the following result:

  "_index": "my-index-000001",
  "_id": "0",
  "_version": 1,
  "_seq_no": 0,
  "_primary_term": 1,
  "found": true,
  "_source": {
    "@timestamp": "2099-11-15T14:12:12",
    "http": {
      "request": {
        "method": "get"
      "response": {
        "status_code": 200,
        "bytes": 1070000
      "version": "1.1"
    "source": {
      "ip": ""
    "message": "GET /search HTTP/1.1 200 1070000",
    "user": {
      "id": "kimchy"

Check to see if a document with the _id 0 exists:

HEAD my-index-000001/_doc/0

Elasticsearch returns a status code of 200 - OK if the document exists, or 404 - Not Found if it doesn’t.

Get the source field onlyedit

Use the <index>/_source/<id> resource to get just the _source field of a document. For example:

GET my-index-000001/_source/1

You can use the source filtering parameters to control which parts of the _source are returned:

GET my-index-000001/_source/1/?_source_includes=*.id&_source_excludes=entities

You can use HEAD with the _source endpoint to efficiently test whether or not the document _source exists. A document’s source is not available if it is disabled in the mapping.

HEAD my-index-000001/_source/1
Get stored fieldsedit

Use the stored_fields parameter to specify the set of stored fields you want to retrieve. Any requested fields that are not stored are ignored. Consider for instance the following mapping:

PUT my-index-000001
   "mappings": {
       "properties": {
          "counter": {
             "type": "integer",
             "store": false
          "tags": {
             "type": "keyword",
             "store": true

Now we can add a document:

PUT my-index-000001/_doc/1
  "counter": 1,
  "tags": [ "production" ]

And then try to retrieve it:

GET my-index-000001/_doc/1?stored_fields=tags,counter

The API returns the following result:

   "_index": "my-index-000001",
   "_id": "1",
   "_version": 1,
   "_seq_no" : 22,
   "_primary_term" : 1,
   "found": true,
   "fields": {
      "tags": [

Field values fetched from the document itself are always returned as an array. Since the counter field is not stored, the get request ignores it.

You can also retrieve metadata fields like the _routing field:

PUT my-index-000001/_doc/2?routing=user1
  "counter" : 1,
  "tags" : ["env2"]
GET my-index-000001/_doc/2?routing=user1&stored_fields=tags,counter

The API returns the following result:

   "_index": "my-index-000001",
   "_id": "2",
   "_version": 1,
   "_seq_no" : 13,
   "_primary_term" : 1,
   "_routing": "user1",
   "found": true,
   "fields": {
      "tags": [

Only leaf fields can be retrieved with the stored_field option. Object fields can’t be returned—​if specified, the request fails.