Example: Enrich your data based on geolocation

geo_match enrich policies match enrich data to incoming documents based on a geographic location, using a geo_shape query.

The following example creates a geo_match enrich policy that adds postal codes to incoming documents based on a set of coordinates. It then adds the geo_match enrich policy to a processor in an ingest pipeline.

Use the create index API to create a source index containing at least one geo_shape field.

PUT /postal_codes
{
    "mappings": {
        "properties": {
            "location": {
                "type": "geo_shape"
            },
            "postal_code": {
                "type": "keyword"
            }
        }
    }
}

Use the index API to index enrich data to this source index.

PUT /postal_codes/_doc/1?refresh=wait_for
{
    "location": {
        "type": "envelope",
        "coordinates": [[13.0, 53.0], [14.0, 52.0]]
    },
    "postal_code": "96598"
}

Use the put enrich policy API to create an enrich policy with the geo_match policy type. This policy must include:

  • One or more source indices
  • A match_field, the geo_shape field from the source indices used to match incoming documents
  • Enrich fields from the source indices you’d like to append to incoming documents
PUT /_enrich/policy/postal_policy
{
    "geo_match": {
        "indices": "postal_codes",
        "match_field": "location",
        "enrich_fields": ["location","postal_code"]
    }
}

Use the execute enrich policy API to create an enrich index for the policy.

POST /_enrich/policy/postal_policy/_execute

Use the put pipeline API to create an ingest pipeline. In the pipeline, add an enrich processor that includes:

  • Your enrich policy.
  • The field of incoming documents used to match the geo_shape of documents from the enrich index.
  • The target_field used to store appended enrich data for incoming documents. This field contains the match_field and enrich_fields specified in your enrich policy.
  • The shape_relation, which indicates how the processor matches geo_shapes in incoming documents to geo_shapes in documents from the enrich index. See Spatial Relations for valid options and more information.
PUT /_ingest/pipeline/postal_lookup
{
  "description": "Enrich postal codes",
  "processors": [
    {
      "enrich": {
        "policy_name": "postal_policy",
        "field": "geo_location",
        "target_field": "geo_data",
        "shape_relation": "INTERSECTS"
      }
    }
  ]
}

Use the ingest pipeline to index a document. The incoming document should include the field specified in your enrich processor.

PUT /users/_doc/0?pipeline=postal_lookup
{
    "first_name": "Mardy",
    "last_name": "Brown",
    "geo_location": "POINT (13.5 52.5)"
}

To verify the enrich processor matched and appended the appropriate field data, use the get API to view the indexed document.

GET /users/_doc/0

The API returns the following response:

{
  "found": true,
  "_index": "users",
  "_type": "_doc",
  "_id": "0",
  "_version": 1,
  "_seq_no": 55,
  "_primary_term": 1,
  "_source": {
    "geo_data": {
      "location": {
        "type": "envelope",
        "coordinates": [[13.0, 53.0], [14.0, 52.0]]
      },
      "postal_code": "96598"
    },
    "first_name": "Mardy",
    "last_name": "Brown",
    "geo_location": "POINT (13.5 52.5)"
  }
}