Thread Pooledit

A node holds several thread pools in order to improve how threads memory consumption are managed within a node. Many of these pools also have queues associated with them, which allow pending requests to be held instead of discarded.

There are several thread pools, but the important ones include:

generic
For generic operations (e.g., background node discovery). Thread pool type is cached.
index
For index/delete operations. Thread pool type is fixed with a size of # of available processors, queue_size of 200.
search
For count/search operations. Thread pool type is fixed with a size of int((# of available_processors * 3) / 2) + 1, queue_size of 1000.
suggest
For suggest operations. Thread pool type is fixed with a size of # of available processors, queue_size of 1000.
get
For get operations. Thread pool type is fixed with a size of # of available processors, queue_size of 1000.
bulk
For bulk operations. Thread pool type is fixed with a size of # of available processors, queue_size of 50.
percolate
For percolate operations. Thread pool type is fixed with a size of # of available processors, queue_size of 1000.
snapshot
For snapshot/restore operations. Thread pool type is scaling with a keep-alive of 5m and a size of min(5, (# of available processors)/2).
warmer
For segment warm-up operations. Thread pool type is scaling with a keep-alive of 5m and a size of min(5, (# of available processors)/2).
refresh
For refresh operations. Thread pool type is scaling with a keep-alive of 5m and a size of min(10, (# of available processors)/2).
listener
Mainly for java client executing of action when listener threaded is set to true. Thread pool type is scaling with a default size of min(10, (# of available processors)/2).

Changing a specific thread pool can be done by setting its type-specific parameters; for example, changing the index thread pool to have more threads:

threadpool:
    index:
        size: 30
Note

you can update thread pool settings dynamically using Cluster Update Settings.

Thread pool typesedit

The following are the types of thread pools and their respective parameters:

cachededit

The cached thread pool is an unbounded thread pool that will spawn a thread if there are pending requests. This thread pool is used to prevent requests submitted to this pool from blocking or being rejected. Unused threads in this thread pool will be terminated after a keep alive expires (defaults to five minutes). The cached thread pool is reserved for the generic thread pool.

The keep_alive parameter determines how long a thread should be kept around in the thread pool without doing any work.

threadpool:
    generic:
        keep_alive: 2m

fixededit

The fixed thread pool holds a fixed size of threads to handle the requests with a queue (optionally bounded) for pending requests that have no threads to service them.

The size parameter controls the number of threads, and defaults to the number of cores times 5.

The queue_size allows to control the size of the queue of pending requests that have no threads to execute them. By default, it is set to -1 which means its unbounded. When a request comes in and the queue is full, it will abort the request.

threadpool:
    index:
        size: 30
        queue_size: 1000

scalingedit

The scaling thread pool holds a dynamic number of threads. This number is proportional to the workload and varies between 1 and the value of the size parameter.

The keep_alive parameter determines how long a thread should be kept around in the thread pool without it doing any work.

threadpool:
    warmer:
        size: 8
        keep_alive: 2m

Processors settingedit

The number of processors is automatically detected, and the thread pool settings are automatically set based on it. Sometimes, the number of processors are wrongly detected, in such cases, the number of processors can be explicitly set using the processors setting.

processors: 2

In order to check the number of processors detected, use the nodes info API with the os flag.