haproxy module

The haproxy module collects and parses logs from a (haproxy) process.

When you run the module, it performs a few tasks under the hood:

  • Sets the default paths to the log files (but don’t worry, you can override the defaults)
  • Makes sure each multiline log event gets sent as a single event
  • Uses ingest node to parse and process the log lines, shaping the data into a structure suitable for visualizing in Kibana
  • Deploys dashboards for visualizing the log data

Compatibility

The haproxy module was tested with logs from haproxy running on AWS Linux as a gateway to a cluster of microservices.

This module is not available for Windows.

Set up and run the module

Before doing these steps, verify that Elasticsearch and Kibana are running and that Elasticsearch is ready to receive data from Filebeat.

If you’re running our hosted Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud, or you’ve enabled security in Elasticsearch and Kibana, you need to specify additional connection information before setting up and running the module. See Quick start: modules for common log formats for the complete setup.

To set up and run the module:

  1. Enable the module:

    deb and rpm:

    filebeat modules enable haproxy

    mac:

    ./filebeat modules enable haproxy

    linux:

    ./filebeat modules enable haproxy

    win:

    PS > .\filebeat.exe modules enable haproxy

    This command enables the module config defined in the modules.d directory. See Specify which modules to run for other ways to enable modules.

    To see a list of enabled and disabled modules, run:

    deb and rpm:

    filebeat modules list

    mac:

    ./filebeat modules list

    linux:

    ./filebeat modules list

    win:

    PS > .\filebeat.exe modules list
  2. Set up the initial environment:

    deb and rpm:

    filebeat setup -e

    mac:

    ./filebeat setup -e

    linux:

    ./filebeat setup -e

    win:

    PS > .\filebeat.exe setup -e

    The setup command loads the recommended index template for writing to Elasticsearch and deploys the sample dashboards (if available) for visualizing the data in Kibana. This is a one-time setup step.

    The -e flag is optional and sends output to standard error instead of syslog.

    The ingest pipelines used to parse log lines are set up automatically the first time you run the module, assuming the Elasticsearch output is enabled. If you’re sending events to Logstash, or plan to use Beats central management, also see Load ingest pipelines manually.

  3. Run Filebeat.

    If your logs aren’t in the default location, see Configure the module, then run Filebeat after you’ve set the paths variable.

    deb and rpm:

    service filebeat start

    mac:

    ./filebeat -e

    linux:

    ./filebeat -e

    win:

    PS > Start-Service filebeat

    If the module is configured correctly, you’ll see INFO Harvester started messages for each file specified in the config.

    Depending on how you’ve installed Filebeat, you might see errors related to file ownership or permissions when you try to run Filebeat modules. See Config File Ownership and Permissions in the Beats Platform Reference for more information.

  4. Explore your data in Kibana:

    1. Open your browser and navigate to the Dashboard overview in Kibana: http://localhost:5601/app/kibana#/dashboards. Replace localhost with the name of the Kibana host. If you’re using an Elastic Cloud instance, log in to your cloud account, then navigate to the Kibana endpoint in your deployment.
    2. If necessary, log in with your Kibana username and password.
    3. Enter the module name in the search box, then open a dashboard and explore the visualizations for your parsed logs.

      If you don’t see data in Kibana, try changing the date range to a larger range. By default, Kibana shows the last 15 minutes.

Example dashboard

This module comes with a sample dashboard showing geolocation, distribution of requests between backends and frontends, and status codes over time. For example:

kibana haproxy overview

Configure the module

You can further refine the behavior of the haproxy module by specifying variable settings in the modules.d/haproxy.yml file, or overriding settings at the command line.

The module is by default configured to run via syslog on port 9001. However it can also be configured to read from a file path. See the following example.

- module: haproxy
  log:
    enabled: true
    var.paths: ["/var/log/haproxy.log"]
    var.input: "file"

Variable settings

Each fileset has separate variable settings for configuring the behavior of the module. If you don’t specify variable settings, the haproxy module uses the defaults.

For more information, see Specify variable settings. Also see Advanced settings.

When you specify a setting at the command line, remember to prefix the setting with the module name, for example, haproxy.log.var.paths instead of log.var.paths.

log fileset settings

var.paths
An array of glob-based paths that specify where to look for the log files. All patterns supported by Go Glob are also supported here. For example, you can use wildcards to fetch all files from a predefined level of subdirectories: /path/to/log/*/*.log. This fetches all .log files from the subfolders of /path/to/log. It does not fetch log files from the /path/to/log folder itself. If this setting is left empty, Filebeat will choose log paths based on your operating system.

Fields

For a description of each field in the module, see the exported fields section.