SSH (Secure Shell) to the Internetedit

Detects network events that may indicate the use of SSH traffic to the Internet. SSH is commonly used by system administrators to remotely control a system using the command line shell. If it is exposed to the Internet, it should be done with strong security controls as it is frequently targeted and exploited by threat actors as an initial access or back-door vector.

Rule type: query

Rule indices:

  • filebeat-*

Severity: low

Risk score: 21

Runs every: 5 minutes

Searches indices from: now-6m (Date Math format, see also Additional look-back time)

Maximum signals per execution: 100


  • Elastic
  • Network

Version: 3 (version history)

Added (Elastic Stack release): 7.6.0

Last modified (Elastic Stack release): 7.7.0

Potential false positivesedit

SSH connections may be made directly to Internet destinations in order to access Linux cloud server instances but such connections are usually made only by engineers. In such cases, only SSH gateways, bastions or jump servers may be expected Internet destinations and can be exempted from this rule. SSH may be required by some workflows such as remote access and support for specialized software products and servers. Such workflows are usually known and not unexpected. Usage that is unfamiliar to server or network owners can be unexpected and suspicious.

Rule queryedit

network.transport:tcp and destination.port:22 and
source.ip:( or or and not
destination.ip:( or or or or "::1")

Threat mappingedit


Rule version historyedit

Version 3 (7.7.0 release)

Updated query, changed from:

network.transport: tcp and destination.port:22 and (
network.direction: outbound or ( source.ip: ( or or and not destination.ip: (
or or ) )
Version 2 (7.6.1 release)
  • Removed auditbeat-*, packetbeat-*, and winlogbeat-* from the rule indices.