Rare User Logonedit

A machine learning job found an unusual user name in the authentication logs. An unusual user name is one way of detecting credentialed access by means of a new or dormant user account. An inactive user account (because the user has left the organization) that becomes active may be due to credentialed access using a compromised account password. Threat actors will sometimes also create new users as a means of persisting in a compromised web application.

Rule type: machine_learning

Machine learning job: auth_rare_user

Machine learning anomaly threshold: 75

Severity: low

Risk score: 21

Runs every: 15 minutes

Searches indices from: now-30m (Date Math format, see also Additional look-back time)

Maximum alerts per execution: 100



  • Elastic
  • Authentication
  • Threat Detection
  • ML
  • Initial Access

Version: 100 (version history)

Added (Elastic Stack release): 7.14.0

Last modified (Elastic Stack release): 8.5.0

Rule authors: Elastic

Rule license: Elastic License v2

Potential false positivesedit

User accounts that are rarely active, such as a site reliability engineer (SRE) or developer logging into a production server for troubleshooting, may trigger this alert. Under some conditions, a newly created user account may briefly trigger this alert while the model is learning. ==== Threat mapping


Rule version historyedit

Version 100 (8.5.0 release)
  • Formatting only
Version 4 (8.4.0 release)
  • Formatting only
Version 3 (7.16.0 release)
  • Formatting only
Version 2 (7.15.0 release)
  • Formatting only