Analyze and compare hostsedit

This functionality is in beta and is subject to change. The design and code is less mature than official GA features and is being provided as-is with no warranties. Beta features are not subject to the support SLA of official GA features.

We’d love to get your feedback! Tell us what you think!

The Hosts page provides a metrics-driven view of your infrastructure backed by an easy-to-use interface called Lens. On the Hosts page, you can view health and performance metrics to help you quickly:

  • Analyze and compare hosts without having to build new dashboards.
  • Identify which hosts trigger the most alerts.
  • Troubleshoot and resolve issues quickly.
  • View historical data to rule out false alerts and identify root causes.
  • Filter and search the data to focus on the hosts you care about the most.

To access this page from the main Kibana menu, go to Observability → Infrastructure → Hosts.

Screenshot of the Hosts page

To learn more about the metrics shown on this page, refer to the Metrics reference documentation.

If there are no metrics to display, Kibana prompts you to add a metrics integration. Click Add a metrics integration to get started. If you want to add more data in the future, click Add data from any page in the Infrastructure app.

Need help getting started? Follow the steps in Get started with logs and metrics.

The Hosts page provides several ways to view host metrics:

  • Overview tiles show the number of hosts returned by your search plus averages of key metrics, including CPU usage, normalized load, and memory usage. Max disk usage is also shown.
  • The Host limit controls the maximum number of hosts shown on the page. The default is 50, which means the page shows data for the top 50 hosts based on the most recent timestamps. You can increase the host limit to see data for more hosts, but doing so may impact query performance.
  • The Hosts table shows a breakdown of metrics for each host along with an alert count for any hosts with active alerts. You may need to page through the list or change the number of rows displayed on each page to see all of your hosts.
  • Each host name is an active link to a host details page, where you can explore enhanced metrics and other observability data related to the selected host. You can optionally open the host details in an overlay.
  • Table columns are sortable, but note that the sorting behavior is applied to the already returned data set.
  • The tabs at the bottom of the page show an overview of the metrics, logs, and alerts for all hosts returned by your search.

For more information about creating and viewing alerts, refer to Alerting.

Filter the Hosts viewedit

The Hosts page provides several mechanisms for filtering the data on the page:

  • Enter a search query to show metrics that match your search criteria. For example, to see metrics for hosts running on linux, enter host.os.type : "linux". Otherwise you’ll see metrics for all your monitored hosts (up to the number of hosts specified by the host limit).
  • Select additional criteria to filter the view:

    • In the Operating System list, select one or more operating systems to include (or exclude) metrics for hosts running the selected operating systems.
    • In the Cloud Provider list, select one or more cloud providers to include (or exclude) metrics for hosts running on the selected cloud providers.
    • In the Service Name list, select one or more service names to include (or exclude) metrics for the hosts running the selected services. Services must be instrumented by APM to be filterable. This filter is useful for comparing different hosts to determine whether a problem lies with a service or the host that it is running on.

Filtered results are sorted by document count. Document count is the number of events received by Elastic for the hosts that match your filter criteria.

  • Change the date range in the time filter, or click and drag on a visualization to change the date range.
  • Within a visualization, click a point on a line and apply filters to set other visualizations on the page to the same time and/or host.

To learn more about filtering data in Kibana, refer to Kibana concepts.

View metricsedit

On the Metrics tab, view metrics trending over time, including CPU usage, normalized load, memory usage, disk usage, and other metrics related to disk IOPs and throughput. Place your cursor over a line to view metrics at a specific point in time. From within each visualization, you can choose to open the visualization in Lens.

To see metrics for a specific host, refer to View host details.

Open in Lensedit

Metrics visualizations are powered by Lens, meaning you can continue your analysis in Lens if you require more flexibility. Hover your cursor over a visualization, then click the ellipsis icon in the upper-right corner to open the visualization in Lens.

Screenshot showing option to open in Lens

In Lens, you can examine all the fields and formulas used to create the visualization, make modifications to the visualization, and save your changes.

For more information about using Lens, refer to the Kibana documentation about Lens.

View logsedit

On the Logs tab, view logs for the systems you are monitoring and search for specific log entries. This view shows logs for all of the hosts returned by the current query.

Screenshot showing Logs view

This view uses the log sources and column settings specified in the Logs app. To add log sources or columns (such as host name), refer to Configure data sources.

Click Open in Logs to tail your log files. For more information, refer to Tail log files.

To see logs for a specific host, refer to View host details.

View alertsedit

On the Alerts tab, view active alerts to pinpoint problems. Use this view to figure out which hosts triggered alerts and identify root causes. This view shows alerts for all of the hosts returned by the current query.

From the Actions menu, you can choose to:

  • Add the alert to a new or existing case.
  • View rule details.
  • View alert details.
Screenshot showing Alerts view

To see alerts for a specific host, refer to View host details.

View host detailsedit

Without leaving the Hosts page, you can view enhanced metrics relating to each host running in your infrastructure. In the list of hosts, find the host you want to monitor, then click the Toggle dialog with details icon expand icon to display the host details overlay.

To expand the overlay and view more detail, click Open as page in the upper-right corner.

The host details overlay contains the following tabs:


The Overview tab displays key metrics about the selected host, such as CPU usage, normalized load, memory usage, and max disk usage.

Change the time range to view metrics over a specific period of time.

Expand each section to view more detail related to the selected host, such as metadata, active alerts, services detected on the host, and metrics.

Hover over a specific time period on a chart to compare the various metrics at that given time.

Click Show all to drill down into related data.

Host overview

The Metadata tab lists all the meta information relating to the host:

  • Host information
  • Cloud information
  • Agent information

All of this information can help when investigating events—for example, filtering by operating system or architecture.

Host metadata

The Metrics tab shows host metrics organized by type and is more complete than the view available in the Overview tab.


The Processes tab lists the total number of processes ( running on the host, along with the total number of processes in these various states:

  • Running (system.process.summary.running)
  • Sleeping (system.process.summary.sleeping)
  • Stopped (system.process.summary.stopped)
  • Idle (system.process.summary.idle)
  • Dead (system.process.summary.dead)
  • Zombie (system.process.summary.zombie)
  • Unknown (system.process.summary.unknown)

The processes listed in the Top processes table are based on an aggregation of the top CPU and the top memory consuming processes. The number of top processes is controlled by process.include_top_n.by_cpu and process.include_top_n.by_memory.


Full command line that started the process, including the absolute path to the executable, and all the arguments (system.process.cmdline).


Process id (


User name (


The percentage of CPU time spent by the process since the last event (


The time the process started (system.process.cpu.start_time).


The percentage of memory (system.process.memory.rss.pct) the process occupied in main memory (RAM).


The current state of the process and the total number of processes (system.process.state). Expected values are: running, sleeping, dead, stopped, idle, zombie, and unknown.

Host processes
Universal Profiling

The Universal Profiling tab shows CPU usage down to the application code level. From here, you can find the sources of resource usage, and identify code that can be optimized to reduce infrastructure costs. The Universal Profiling tab has the following views.


A visual representation of the functions that consume the most resources. Each rectangle represents a function. The rectangle width represents the time spent in the function. The number of stacked rectangles represents the stack depth, or the number of functions called to reach the current function.

Top 10 Functions

A list of the most expensive lines of code on your host. See the most frequently sampled functions, broken down by CPU time, annualized CO2, and annualized cost estimates.

For more on Universal Profiling, refer to the Universal Profiling docs.

Host Universal Profiling

The Logs tab displays logs relating to the host that you have selected. By default, the logs tab displays the following columns.


The timestamp of the log entry from the timestamp field.


The message extracted from the document. The content of this field depends on the type of log message. If no special log message type is detected, the Elastic Common Schema (ECS) base field, message, is used.

You can customize the logs view by adding a column for an arbitrary field you would like to filter by. For more information, refer to Customize Stream. To view the logs in the Logs app for a detailed analysis, click Open in Logs.

Host logs

The Anomalies tab displays a list of each single metric anomaly detection job for the specific host. By default, anomaly jobs are sorted by time, showing the most recent jobs first.

Along with the name of each anomaly job, detected anomalies with a severity score equal to 50, or higher, are listed. These scores represent a severity of "warning" or higher in the selected time period. The summary value represents the increase between the actual value and the expected ("typical") value of the host metric in the anomaly record result.

To drill down and analyze the metric anomaly, select Actions → Open in Anomaly Explorer to view the Anomaly Explorer in Machine Learning. You can also select Actions → Show in Inventory to view the host Inventory page, filtered by the specific metric.


You must have an active Elastic Agent with an assigned agent policy that includes the Osquery Manager integration and have Osquery Kibana privileges as a user.

The Osquery tab allows you to build SQL statements to query your host data. You can create and run live or saved queries against the Elastic Agent. Osquery results are stored in Elasticsearch so that you can use the Elastic Stack to search, analyze, and visualize your host metrics. To create saved queries and add scheduled query groups, refer to Osquery.

To view more information about the query, click the Status tab. A query status can result in success, error (along with an error message), or pending (if the Elastic Agent is offline).

Other options include:

  • View in Discover to search, filter, and view information about the structure of host metric fields. To learn more, refer to Discover.
  • View in Lens to create visualizations based on your host metric fields. To learn more, refer to Lens.
  • View the results in full screen mode.
  • Add, remove, reorder, and resize columns.
  • Sort field names in ascending or descending order.

The metrics shown on the Hosts page are also available when viewing hosts on the Inventory page.

Why am I seeing dashed lines in charts?edit

There are a few reasons why you may see dashed lines in your charts.

The chart interval is too shortedit

In this example, the data emission rate is lower than the Lens chart interval. A dashed line connects the known data points to make it easier to visualize trends in the data.

Screenshot showing dashed chart

The chart interval is automatically set depending on the selected time duration. To fix this problem, change the selected time range at the top of the page.

Want to dig in further while maintaining the selected time duration? Hover over the chart you’re interested in and select OptionsOpen in Lens. Once in Lens, you can adjust the chart interval temporarily. Note that this change is not persisted in the Hosts view.

Data is missingedit

A solid line indicates that the chart interval is set appropriately for the data transmission rate. In this example, a solid line turns into a dashed line—​indicating missing data. You may want to investigate this time period to determine if there is an outage or issue.

Screenshot showing missing data
The chart interval is too short and data is missingedit

In the screenshot below, the data emission rate is lower than the Lens chart interval and there is missing data.

This missing data can be hard to spot at first glance. The green boxes outline regular data emissions, while the missing data is outlined in pink. Similar to the above scenario, you may want to investigate the time period with the missing data to determine if there is an outage or issue.

Screenshot showing dashed lines and missing data