Restore from snapshotedit

Elasticsearch is using snapshots to store a copy of your data outside a cluster. You can restore a snapshot to recover indices and data streams for which there are no copies of the shards in the cluster. This can happen if the data (indices or data streams) was deleted or if the cluster membership changed and the current nodes in the system do not contain a copy of the data anymore.

Restoring the missing data requires you to have a backup of the affected indices and data streams that is up-to-date enough for your use case. Please do not proceed without confirming this.

In order to restore the indices and data streams that are missing data:

Use Kibana

  1. Log in to the Elastic Cloud console.
  2. On the Elasticsearch Service panel, click the name of your deployment.

    If the name of your deployment is disabled your Kibana instances might be unhealthy, in which case please contact Elastic Support. If your deployment doesn’t include Kibana, all you need to do is enable it first.

  3. Open your deployment’s side navigation menu (placed under the Elastic logo in the upper left corner) and go to Dev Tools > Console.

    Kibana Console
  4. To view the affected indices using the cat indices API.

    GET _cat/indices?v&health=red&h=index,status,health

    The response will look like this:

    index                                status health
    .ds-my-data-stream-2022.06.17-000001 open   red
    kibana_sample_data_flights           open   red

    The red health of the indices above indicates that these indices are missing primary shards, meaning they are missing data.

  5. In order to restore the data we need to find a snapshot that contains these two indices. To find such a snapshot use the get snapshot API.

    GET _snapshot/my_repository/*?verbose=false

    The response will look like this:

      "snapshots" : [
          "snapshot" : "snapshot-20200617",                                     
          "uuid" : "dZyPs1HyTwS-cnKdH08EPg",
          "repository" : "my_repository",                                       
          "indices" : [                                                         
          "data_streams" : [ ],
          "state" : "SUCCESS"                                                     
      "total" : 1,
      "remaining" : 0

    The name of the snapshot.

    The repository of the snapshot.

    The indices backed up in the snapshot.

    If the snapshot was successful.

  6. The snapshot snapshot-20200617 contains the two indices we want to restore. You might have multiple snapshots from which you could restore the target indices. Choose the latest snapshot.
  7. Now that we found a snapshot, we will proceed with the data stream preparation for restoring the lost data. We will check the index metadata to see if any index is part of a data stream:

    GET kibana_sample_data_flights,.ds-my-data-stream-2022.06.17-000001?features=settings&flat_settings

    The response will look like this:

      ".ds-my-data-stream-2022.06.17-000001" : {                                
        "aliases" : { },
        "mappings" : { },
        "settings" : {                                                          
          "index.creation_date" : "1658406121699",
          "index.hidden" : "true",
          "" : "my-lifecycle-policy",
          "index.number_of_replicas" : "1",
          "index.number_of_shards" : "1",
          "index.provided_name" : ".ds-my-data-stream-2022.06.17-000001",
          "index.routing.allocation.include._tier_preference" : "data_hot",
          "index.uuid" : "HmlFXp6VSu2XbQ-O3hVrwQ",
          "index.version.created" : "8020299"
        "data_stream" : "my-data-stream"                                        
      "kibana_sample_data_flights" : {                                          
        "aliases" : { },
        "mappings" : { },
        "settings" : {
          "index.creation_date" : "1655121541454",
          "index.number_of_replicas" : "0",
          "index.number_of_shards" : "1",
          "index.provided_name" : "kibana_sample_data_flights",
          "index.routing.allocation.include._tier_preference" : "data_content",
          "index.uuid" : "jMOlwKPPSzSraeeBWyuoDA",
          "index.version.created" : "8020299"

    The name of an index.

    The settings of this index that contains the metadata we are looking for.

    This indicates that this index is part of a data stream and displays the data stream name.

    The name of the other index we requested.

    The response above shows that kibana_sample_data_flights is not part of a data stream because it doesn’t have a field called data_stream in the settings.

    On the contrary, .ds-my-data-stream-2022.06.17-000001 is part of the data stream called my-data-stream. When you find an index like this, which belongs to a data stream, you need to check if data are still being indexed. You can see that by checking the settings, if you can find this property: "index.lifecycle.indexing_complete" : "true", it means that indexing is completed in this index and you can continue to the next step.

    If index.lifecycle.indexing_complete is not there or is configured to false you need to rollover the data stream so you can restore the missing data without blocking the ingestion of new data. The following command will achieve that.

    POST my-data-stream/_rollover
  8. Now that the data stream preparation is done, we will close the target indices by using the close indices API.

    POST kibana_sample_data_flights,.ds-my-data-stream-2022.06.17-000001/_close

    You can confirm that they are closed with the cat indices API.

    GET _cat/indices?v&health=red&h=index,status,health

    The response will look like this:

    index                                status health
    .ds-my-data-stream-2022.06.17-000001 close   red
    kibana_sample_data_flights           close   red
  9. The indices are closed, now we can restore them from snapshots without causing any complications using the restore snapshot API:

    POST _snapshot/my_repository/snapshot-20200617/_restore
      "indices": "kibana_sample_data_flights,.ds-my-data-stream-2022.06.17-000001", 
      "include_aliases": true                                                       

    The indices to restore.

    We also want to restore the aliases.

  10. Finally we can verify that the indices health is now green via the cat indices API.

    GET _cat/indices?v&index=.ds-my-data-stream-2022.06.17-000001,kibana_sample_data_flightsh=index,status,health

    The response will look like this:

    index                                status health
    .ds-my-data-stream-2022.06.17-000001 open   green
    kibana_sample_data_flights           open   green

    As we can see above the indices are green and open. The issue is resolved.

For more guidance on creating and restoring snapshots see this guide.