Use the get snapshot API or the
get snapshot status API to monitor the
progress of snapshot operations. Both APIs support the
wait_for_completion parameter that blocks the client until the
operation finishes, which is the simplest method of being notified
about operation completion.
_current parameter to retrieve all currently running
snapshots in the cluster:
Including a snapshot name in the request retrieves information about a single snapshot:
This request retrieves basic information about the snapshot, including start and end time, version of Elasticsearch that created the snapshot, the list of included indices, the current state of the snapshot and the list of failures that occurred during the snapshot.
Similar to repositories, you can retrieve information about multiple snapshots in a single request, and wildcards are supported:
Separate repository names with commas or use wildcards to retrieve snapshots from multiple repositories:
GET /_snapshot/_all GET /_snapshot/my_backup,my_fs_backup GET /_snapshot/my*
_all parameter to the request to list all snapshots currently stored in the repository:
This request fails if some of the snapshots are unavailable. Use the boolean parameter
return all snapshots that are currently available.
Getting all snapshots in the repository can be costly on cloud-based repositories,
both from a cost and performance perspective. If the only information required is
the snapshot names or UUIDs in the repository and the indices in each snapshot, then
the optional boolean parameter
verbose can be set to
false to execute a more
performant and cost-effective retrieval of the snapshots in the repository.
false omits additional information
about the snapshot, such as metadata, start and end time, number of shards that include the snapshot, and error messages. The default value of the
verbose parameter is
Retrieving snapshot statusedit
To retrieve more detailed information about snapshots, use the get snapshot status API. While snapshot request returns only basic information about the snapshot in progress, the snapshot status request returns complete breakdown of the current state for each shard participating in the snapshot.
Using the get snapshot status API to return any status results other than the currently running snapshots (
_current) can be very expensive. Each request to retrieve snapshot status results in file reads from every shard in a snapshot, for each snapshot. Such requests are taxing to machine resources and can also incur high processing costs when running in the cloud.
For example, if you have 100 snapshots with 1,000 shards each, the API request will result in 100,000 file reads (100 snapshots * 1,000 shards). Depending on the latency of your file storage, the request can take extremely long to retrieve results.
The following request retrieves all currently running snapshots with detailed status information:
By specifying a repository name, it’s possible to limit the results to a particular repository:
If both repository name and snapshot name are specified, the request returns detailed status information for the given snapshot, even if not currently running:
Monitoring restore operationsedit
The restore process piggybacks on the standard recovery mechanism of
Elasticsearch. As a result, standard recovery monitoring services can be used
to monitor the state of restore. When the restore operation starts, the
cluster typically goes into
yellow state because the restore operation works
by recovering primary shards of the restored indices. After the recovery of the
primary shards is completed, Elasticsearch switches to the standard replication
process that creates the required number of replicas. When all required
replicas are created, the cluster switches to the
The cluster health operation provides only a high level status of the restore process. It’s possible to get more detailed insight into the current state of the recovery process by using index recovery and cat recovery APIs.
Stop snapshot and restore operationsedit
The snapshot and restore framework allows running only one snapshot or one restore operation at a time. If a currently running snapshot was started by mistake, or takes unusually long, it can be stopped using the delete snapshot API. This operation checks whether the deleted snapshot is currently running. If it is, the delete snapshot operation stops that snapshot before deleting the snapshot data from the repository.
The restore operation uses the standard shard recovery mechanism. Therefore, any currently running restore operation can be canceled by deleting indices that are being restored. Data for all deleted indices will be removed from the cluster as a result of this operation.
Effect of cluster blocks on snapshot and restoreedit
Many snapshot and restore operations are affected by cluster and index blocks. For example, registering and unregistering repositories require global metadata write access. The snapshot operation requires that all indices, backing indices, and their metadata (including global metadata) are readable. The restore operation requires the global metadata to be writable. However, the index level blocks are ignored during restore because indices are essentially recreated during restore. A repository content is not part of the cluster and therefore cluster blocks do not affect internal repository operations such as listing or deleting snapshots from an already registered repository.