What’s new in 7.8edit

Here are the highlights of what’s new and improved in Elasticsearch 7.8! For detailed information about this release, see the Release notes and Breaking changes.

Other versions: 7.7 | 7.6 | 7.5 | 7.4 | 7.3 | 7.2 | 7.1 | 7.0

Composable index templatesedit

Index templates are an easy, repeatable way to configure mappings, index settings, and aliases for new indices. However, in previous versions, you had to define these configurations directly in the template. Managing multiple templates often meant copying similar configurations across templates.

In 7.8, we added a more modular version of index templates called composable index templates. You can still define configurations directly in these templates. However, composable index templates can also contain component templates. Also added in 7.8, component templates are reusable configurations for mappings, index settings, and aliases. With a component template, you can define a configuration once and reuse it across multiple index templates. If you later need to change the configuration, you only need to change its component template.

Composable index templates replace the previous version of index templates, which are now deprecated. If an index matches both a composable template and a legacy index template, Elasticsearch uses the composable template.

To get started with composable index templates, see Index templates.

Geo improvementsedit

We have made several improvements to geo support in Elasticsearch 7.8.

Add support for t-test aggregationsedit

Elasticsearch now supports a t_test metrics aggregation, which performs a statistical hypothesis test in which the test statistic follows a Student’s t-distribution under the null hypothesis on numeric values extracted from the aggregated documents or generated by provided scripts. In practice, this will tell you if the difference between two population means are statistically significant and did not occur by chance alone. See T-Test Aggregation.

Expose aggregation usage in feature usage APIedit

It is now possible to fetch a count of aggregations that have been executed via the node features API. This is broken down per combination of aggregation and data type, per shard on each node, from the last restart until the time when the counts are fetched. When trying to analyze how Elasticsearch is being used in practice, it is useful to know the usage distribution across aggregations and field types. For example, you might be able to conclude that a certain part of an index is not used a lot and could perhaps can be eliminated.

Support value_count and avg aggregations over histogram fieldsedit

Elasticsearch now implements value_count and avg aggregations over histogram fields.

When the value_count aggregation is computed on histogram fields, the result of the aggregation is the sum of all numbers in the counts array of the histogram.

When the average is computed on histogram fields, the result of the aggregation is the weighted average of all elements in the values array taking into consideration the number in the same position in the counts array.

Reduce aggregation memory consumptionedit

Elasticsearch now attempts to save memory on the coordinating node by delaying deserialization of the shard results for an aggregation until the last second. This is helpful as it makes the shard-aggregations results "short lived" garbage. It also should shrink the memory usage of aggregations when they are waiting to be merged.

Additionally, when the search is in batched reduce mode, Elasticsearch will force the results to be serialized between batch reduces in an attempt to keep the memory usage as low as possible between reductions.

Scalar functions now supported in SQL aggregationsedit

When querying Elasticsearch using SQL, it is now possible to use scalar functions inside aggregations. This allows for more complex expressions, including within GROUP BY or HAVING clauses. For example:

  MAX(CASE WHEN a IS NULL then -1 ELSE abs(a * 10) + 1 END) AS max,
FROM test
  MAX(CASE WHEN a IS NULL then -1 ELSE abs(a * 10) + 1 END) > 5

Increase the performance and scalability of transforms with throttlingedit

Transforms achieved GA status in 7.7 and now in 7.8 they are even better with the introduction of throttling. You can spread out the impact of the transforms on your cluster by defining the rate at which they perform search and index requests. Set the docs_per_second limit when you create or update your transform.

Better estimates for machine learning model memory usageedit

For 7.8, we introduce dynamic estimation of the model memory limit for jobs in ML solution modules. The estimate is generated during the job creation. It uses a calculation based on the specific detectors of the job and the cardinality of the partitioning and influencer fields. It means the job setup has better default values depending on the size of the data being analyzed.

Additional loss functions for regressionedit

Loss functions measure how well a machine learning model fits a specific data set. In 7.8, we added two new loss functions for regression analysis. In addition to the existing mean squared error function, there are now mean squared logarithmic error and Pseudo-Huber loss functions. These additions enable you to choose the loss function that fits best with your data set.

Extended upload limit and explanations for Data Visualizeredit

You can now upload files up to 1 GB in Data Visualizer. The file structure finder functionality of the Data Visualizer provides more detailed explanations after both successful and unsuccessful analysis which makes it easier to diagnose issues with file upload.

Fixed out-of-memory error when using cross-cluster replication with large documentsedit

A bug caused cross-cluster replication to use more memory than configured with large documents, which could cause memory pressure or even out-of-memory errors in some cases.