path.data and path.logs

If you are using the .zip or .tar.gz archives, the data and logs directories are sub-folders of $ES_HOME. If these important folders are left in their default locations, there is a high risk of them being deleted while upgrading Elasticsearch to a new version.

In production use, you will almost certainly want to change the locations of the data and log folder:

path:
  logs: /var/log/elasticsearch
  data: /var/data/elasticsearch

The RPM and Debian distributions already use custom paths for data and logs.

The path.data settings can be set to multiple paths, in which case all paths will be used to store data (although the files belonging to a single shard will all be stored on the same data path):

path:
  data:
    - /mnt/elasticsearch_1
    - /mnt/elasticsearch_2
    - /mnt/elasticsearch_3