Weighted Avg Aggregation

A single-value metrics aggregation that computes the weighted average of numeric values that are extracted from the aggregated documents. These values can be extracted either from specific numeric fields in the documents.

When calculating a regular average, each datapoint has an equal "weight" …​ it contributes equally to the final value. Weighted averages, on the other hand, weight each datapoint differently. The amount that each datapoint contributes to the final value is extracted from the document, or provided by a script.

As a formula, a weighted average is the ∑(value * weight) / ∑(weight)

A regular average can be thought of as a weighted average where every value has an implicit weight of 1.

Table 1. weighted_avg Parameters

Parameter NameDescriptionRequiredDefault Value

value

The configuration for the field or script that provides the values

Required

 

weight

The configuration for the field or script that provides the weights

Required

 

format

The numeric response formatter

Optional

 

value_type

A hint about the values for pure scripts or unmapped fields

Optional

 

The value and weight objects have per-field specific configuration:

Table 2. value Parameters

Parameter NameDescriptionRequiredDefault Value

field

The field that values should be extracted from

Required

 

missing

A value to use if the field is missing entirely

Optional

 

Table 3. weight Parameters

Parameter NameDescriptionRequiredDefault Value

field

The field that weights should be extracted from

Required

 

missing

A weight to use if the field is missing entirely

Optional

 

Examples

If our documents have a "grade" field that holds a 0-100 numeric score, and a "weight" field which holds an arbitrary numeric weight, we can calculate the weighted average using:

POST /exams/_search
{
    "size": 0,
    "aggs" : {
        "weighted_grade": {
            "weighted_avg": {
                "value": {
                    "field": "grade"
                },
                "weight": {
                    "field": "weight"
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Which yields a response like:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "weighted_grade": {
            "value": 70.0
        }
    }
}

While multiple values-per-field are allowed, only one weight is allowed. If the aggregation encounters a document that has more than one weight (e.g. the weight field is a multi-valued field) it will throw an exception. If you have this situation, you will need to specify a script for the weight field, and use the script to combine the multiple values into a single value to be used.

This single weight will be applied independently to each value extracted from the value field.

This example show how a single document with multiple values will be averaged with a single weight:

POST /exams/_doc?refresh
{
    "grade": [1, 2, 3],
    "weight": 2
}

POST /exams/_search
{
    "size": 0,
    "aggs" : {
        "weighted_grade": {
            "weighted_avg": {
                "value": {
                    "field": "grade"
                },
                "weight": {
                    "field": "weight"
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

The three values (1, 2, and 3) will be included as independent values, all with the weight of 2:

{
    ...
    "aggregations": {
        "weighted_grade": {
            "value": 2.0
        }
    }
}

The aggregation returns 2.0 as the result, which matches what we would expect when calculating by hand: ((1*2) + (2*2) + (3*2)) / (2+2+2) == 2

Script

Both the value and the weight can be derived from a script, instead of a field. As a simple example, the following will add one to the grade and weight in the document using a script:

POST /exams/_search
{
    "size": 0,
    "aggs" : {
        "weighted_grade": {
            "weighted_avg": {
                "value": {
                    "script": "doc.grade.value + 1"
                },
                "weight": {
                    "script": "doc.weight.value + 1"
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

Missing values

The missing parameter defines how documents that are missing a value should be treated. The default behavior is different for value and weight:

By default, if the value field is missing the document is ignored and the aggregation moves on to the next document. If the weight field is missing, it is assumed to have a weight of 1 (like a normal average).

Both of these defaults can be overridden with the missing parameter:

POST /exams/_search
{
    "size": 0,
    "aggs" : {
        "weighted_grade": {
            "weighted_avg": {
                "value": {
                    "field": "grade",
                    "missing": 2
                },
                "weight": {
                    "field": "weight",
                    "missing": 3
                }
            }
        }
    }
}