## Geo Distance Aggregationedit

A multi-bucket aggregation that works on `geo_point`

fields and conceptually works very similar to the range aggregation. The user can define a point of origin and a set of distance range buckets. The aggregation evaluate the distance of each document value from the origin point and determines the buckets it belongs to based on the ranges (a document belongs to a bucket if the distance between the document and the origin falls within the distance range of the bucket).

{ "aggs" : { "rings_around_amsterdam" : { "geo_distance" : { "field" : "location", "origin" : "52.3760, 4.894", "ranges" : [ { "to" : 100 }, { "from" : 100, "to" : 300 }, { "from" : 300 } ] } } } }

Response:

{ "aggregations": { "rings" : { "buckets": [ { "key": "*-100.0", "from": 0, "to": 100.0, "doc_count": 3 }, { "key": "100.0-300.0", "from": 100.0, "to": 300.0, "doc_count": 1 }, { "key": "300.0-*", "from": 300.0, "doc_count": 7 } ] } } }

The specified field must be of type `geo_point`

(which can only be set explicitly in the mappings). And it can also hold an array of `geo_point`

fields, in which case all will be taken into account during aggregation. The origin point can accept all formats supported by the `geo_point`

type:

- Object format:
`{ "lat" : 52.3760, "lon" : 4.894 }`

- this is the safest format as it is the most explicit about the`lat`

&`lon`

values - String format:
`"52.3760, 4.894"`

- where the first number is the`lat`

and the second is the`lon`

- Array format:
`[4.894, 52.3760]`

- which is based on the`GeoJson`

standard and where the first number is the`lon`

and the second one is the`lat`

By default, the distance unit is `m`

(metres) but it can also accept: `mi`

(miles), `in`

(inches), `yd`

(yards), `km`

(kilometers), `cm`

(centimeters), `mm`

(millimeters).

{ "aggs" : { "rings" : { "geo_distance" : { "field" : "location", "origin" : "52.3760, 4.894", "unit" : "mi", "ranges" : [ { "to" : 100 }, { "from" : 100, "to" : 300 }, { "from" : 300 } ] } } } }

There are three distance calculation modes: `sloppy_arc`

(the default), `arc`

(most accurate) and `plane`

(fastest). The `arc`

calculation is the most accurate one but also the more expensive one in terms of performance. The `sloppy_arc`

is faster but less accurate. The `plane`

is the fastest but least accurate distance function. Consider using `plane`

when your search context is "narrow" and spans smaller geographical areas (like cities or even countries). `plane`

may return higher error mergins for searches across very large areas (e.g. cross continent search). The distance calculation type can be set using the `distance_type`

parameter:

{ "aggs" : { "rings" : { "geo_distance" : { "field" : "location", "origin" : "52.3760, 4.894", "distance_type" : "plane", "ranges" : [ { "to" : 100 }, { "from" : 100, "to" : 300 }, { "from" : 300 } ] } } } }