Term Vectorsedit

Note

Added in 1.0.0.Beta1.

Returns information and statistics on terms in the fields of a particular document as stored in the index.

curl -XGET 'http://localhost:9200/twitter/tweet/1/_termvector?pretty=true'

Optionally, you can specify the fields for which the information is retrieved either with a parameter in the url

curl -XGET 'http://localhost:9200/twitter/tweet/1/_termvector?fields=text,...'

or adding by adding the requested fields in the request body (see example below).

Return valuesedit

Three types of values can be requested: term information, term statistics and field statistics. By default, all term information and field statistics are returned for all fields but no term statistics.

Term informationedit

  • term frequency in the field (always returned)
  • term positions (positions : true)
  • start and end offsets (offsets : true)
  • term payloads (payloads : true), as base64 encoded bytes

If the requested information wasn’t stored in the index, it will be omitted without further warning. See type mapping for how to configure your index to store term vectors.

Warning

Start and end offsets assume UTF-16 encoding is being used. If you want to use these offsets in order to get the original text that produced this token, you should make sure that the string you are taking a sub-string of is also encoded using UTF-16.

Term statisticsedit

Setting term_statistics to true (default is false) will return

  • total term frequency (how often a term occurs in all documents)
  • document frequency (the number of documents containing the current term)

By default these values are not returned since term statistics can have a serious performance impact.

Field statisticsedit

Setting field_statistics to false (default is true) will omit :

  • document count (how many documents contain this field)
  • sum of document frequencies (the sum of document frequencies for all terms in this field)
  • sum of total term frequencies (the sum of total term frequencies of each term in this field)

Behaviouredit

The term and field statistics are not accurate. Deleted documents are not taken into account. The information is only retrieved for the shard the requested document resides in. The term and field statistics are therefore only useful as relative measures whereas the absolute numbers have no meaning in this context.

Exampleedit

First, we create an index that stores term vectors, payloads etc. :

curl -s -XPUT 'http://localhost:9200/twitter/' -d '{
  "mappings": {
    "tweet": {
      "properties": {
        "text": {
          "type": "string",
          "term_vector": "with_positions_offsets_payloads",
          "store" : true,
          "index_analyzer" : "fulltext_analyzer"
         },
         "fullname": {
          "type": "string",
          "term_vector": "with_positions_offsets_payloads",
          "index_analyzer" : "fulltext_analyzer"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "settings" : {
    "index" : {
      "number_of_shards" : 1,
      "number_of_replicas" : 0
    },
    "analysis": {
      "analyzer": {
        "fulltext_analyzer": {
          "type": "custom",
          "tokenizer": "whitespace",
          "filter": [
            "lowercase",
            "type_as_payload"
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  }
}'

Second, we add some documents:

curl -XPUT 'http://localhost:9200/twitter/tweet/1?pretty=true' -d '{
  "fullname" : "John Doe",
  "text" : "twitter test test test "
}'

curl -XPUT 'http://localhost:9200/twitter/tweet/2?pretty=true' -d '{
  "fullname" : "Jane Doe",
  "text" : "Another twitter test ..."
}'

The following request returns all information and statistics for field text in document 1 (John Doe):

curl -XGET 'http://localhost:9200/twitter/tweet/1/_termvector?pretty=true' -d '{
  "fields" : ["text"],
  "offsets" : true,
  "payloads" : true,
  "positions" : true,
  "term_statistics" : true,
  "field_statistics" : true
}'

Response:

{
    "_id": "1",
    "_index": "twitter",
    "_type": "tweet",
    "_version": 1,
    "found": true,
    "term_vectors": {
        "text": {
            "field_statistics": {
                "doc_count": 2,
                "sum_doc_freq": 6,
                "sum_ttf": 8
            },
            "terms": {
                "test": {
                    "doc_freq": 2,
                    "term_freq": 3,
                    "tokens": [
                        {
                            "end_offset": 12,
                            "payload": "d29yZA==",
                            "position": 1,
                            "start_offset": 8
                        },
                        {
                            "end_offset": 17,
                            "payload": "d29yZA==",
                            "position": 2,
                            "start_offset": 13
                        },
                        {
                            "end_offset": 22,
                            "payload": "d29yZA==",
                            "position": 3,
                            "start_offset": 18
                        }
                    ],
                    "ttf": 4
                },
                "twitter": {
                    "doc_freq": 2,
                    "term_freq": 1,
                    "tokens": [
                        {
                            "end_offset": 7,
                            "payload": "d29yZA==",
                            "position": 0,
                            "start_offset": 0
                        }
                    ],
                    "ttf": 2
                }
            }
        }
    }
}