Setting up Filebeat is an admin-level task that requires extra privileges. As a best practice, grant the setup role to administrators only, and use a more restrictive role for event publishing.
Administrators who set up Filebeat typically need to load mappings, dashboards, and other objects used to index data into Elasticsearch and visualize it in Kibana.
To grant users the required privileges:
Create a setup role, called something like
filebeat_setup, that has the following privileges:
Type Privilege Purpose
Retrieve cluster details (e.g. version)
Set up and manage index lifecycle management (ILM) policy
Set up Machine Learning job configurations
Set up aliases used by ILM
Write Filebeat indices in order to index, update, and delete documents
Read Filebeat indices in order to set up Machine Learning jobs
Omit any privileges that aren’t relevant in your environment.
These instructions assume that you are using the default name for Filebeat indices. If
filebeat-*is not listed, or you are using a custom name, enter it manually and modify the privileges to match your index naming pattern.
Assign the setup role, along with the following built-in roles, to users who need to set up Filebeat:
Load dependencies, such as example dashboards, if available, into Kibana
Set up index templates and, if available, ingest pipelines
Provide full use of the machine learning APIs and grant read/write access to all machine learning indices
Enroll and manage configurations in Beats central management
Omit any roles that aren’t relevant in your environment.