Loggingedit

Logstash emits internal logs during its operation, which are placed in LS_HOME/logs (or /var/log/logstash for DEB/RPM). The default logging level is INFO. Logstash’s logging framework is based on Log4j 2 framework, and much of its functionality is exposed directly to users.

You can configure logging for a particular subsystem, module, or plugin.

When you need to debug problems, particularly problems with plugins, consider increasing the logging level to DEBUG to get more verbose messages. For example, if you are debugging issues with Elasticsearch Output, you can increase log levels just for that component. This approach reduces noise from excessive logging and helps you focus on the problem area.

You can configure logging using the log4j2.properties file or the Logstash API.

  • log4j2.properties file. Changes made through the log4j2.properties file require you to restart Logstash for the changes to take effect. Changes persist through subsequent restarts.
  • Logging API. Changes made through the Logging API are effective immediately without a restart. The changes do not persist after Logstash is restarted.

Log4j2 configurationedit

Logstash ships with a log4j2.properties file with out-of-the-box settings. You can modify this file to change the rotation policy, type, and other log4j2 configuration.

You must restart Logstash to apply any changes that you make to this file. Changes to log4j2.properties persist after Logstash is restarted.

Here’s an example using outputs.elasticsearch:

logger.elasticsearchoutput.name = logstash.outputs.elasticsearch
logger.elasticsearchoutput.level = debug

Logging APIsedit

For temporary logging changes, modifying the log4j2.properties file and restarting Logstash leads to unnecessary downtime. Instead, you can dynamically update logging levels through the logging API. These settings are effective immediately and do not need a restart.

Note

By default, the logging API attempts to bind to tcp:9600. If this port is already in use by another Logstash instance, you need to launch Logstash with the --http.port flag specified to bind to a different port. See Command-Line Flags for more information.

Retrieve list of logging configurationsedit

To retrieve a list of logging subsystems available at runtime, you can do a GET request to _node/logging

curl -XGET 'localhost:9600/_node/logging?pretty'

Example response:

{
...
  "loggers" : {
    "logstash.agent" : "INFO",
    "logstash.api.service" : "INFO",
    "logstash.basepipeline" : "INFO",
    "logstash.codecs.plain" : "INFO",
    "logstash.codecs.rubydebug" : "INFO",
    "logstash.filters.grok" : "INFO",
    "logstash.inputs.beats" : "INFO",
    "logstash.instrument.periodicpoller.jvm" : "INFO",
    "logstash.instrument.periodicpoller.os" : "INFO",
    "logstash.instrument.periodicpoller.persistentqueue" : "INFO",
    "logstash.outputs.stdout" : "INFO",
    "logstash.pipeline" : "INFO",
    "logstash.plugins.registry" : "INFO",
    "logstash.runner" : "INFO",
    "logstash.shutdownwatcher" : "INFO",
    "org.logstash.Event" : "INFO",
    "slowlog.logstash.codecs.plain" : "TRACE",
    "slowlog.logstash.codecs.rubydebug" : "TRACE",
    "slowlog.logstash.filters.grok" : "TRACE",
    "slowlog.logstash.inputs.beats" : "TRACE",
    "slowlog.logstash.outputs.stdout" : "TRACE"
  }
}

Update logging levelsedit

Prepend the name of the subsystem, module, or plugin with logger..

Here is an example using outputs.elasticsearch:

curl -XPUT 'localhost:9600/_node/logging?pretty' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d'
{
    "logger.logstash.outputs.elasticsearch" : "DEBUG"
}
'

While this setting is in effect, Logstash emits DEBUG-level logs for all the Elasticsearch outputs specified in your configuration. Please note this new setting is transient and will not survive a restart.

Note

If you want logging changes to persist after a restart, add them to log4j2.properties instead.

Reset dynamic logging levelsedit

To reset any logging levels that may have been dynamically changed via the logging API, send a PUT request to _node/logging/reset. All logging levels will revert to the values specified in the log4j2.properties file.

curl -XPUT 'localhost:9600/_node/logging/reset?pretty'

Log file locationedit

You can specify the log file location using --path.logs setting.

Slowlogedit

Slowlog for Logstash adds the ability to log when a specific event takes an abnormal amount of time to make its way through the pipeline. Just like the normal application log, you can find slowlogs in your --path.logs directory. Slowlog is configured in the logstash.yml settings file with the following options:

slowlog.threshold.warn (default: -1)
slowlog.threshold.info (default: -1)
slowlog.threshold.debug (default: -1)
slowlog.threshold.trace (default: -1)

Slowlog is disabled by default. The default threshold values are set to -1nanos to represent an infinite threshold. No slowlog will be invoked.

Enable slowlogedit

The slowlog.threshold fields use a time-value format which enables a wide range of trigger intervals. You can specify ranges using the following time units: nanos (nanoseconds), micros (microseconds), ms (milliseconds), s (second), m (minute), h (hour), d (day).

Slowlog becomes more sensitive and logs more events as you raise the log level.

Example:

slowlog.threshold.warn: 2s
slowlog.threshold.info: 1s
slowlog.threshold.debug: 500ms
slowlog.threshold.trace: 100ms

In this example:

  • If the log level is set to warn, the log shows events that took longer than 2 seconds to process.
  • If the log level is set to info, the log shows events that took longer than 1s to process.
  • If the log level is set to trace, the log shows events that took longer than 100ms to process.
  • If the log level is set to debug, the log shows events that took longer than 500ms to process.

The logs include the full event and filter configuration that are responsible for the slowness.