Field stats APIedit

Warning

This functionality is experimental and may be changed or removed completely in a future release. Elastic will take a best effort approach to fix any issues, but experimental features are not subject to the support SLA of official GA features.

The field stats api allows one to find statistical properties of a field without executing a search, but looking up measurements that are natively available in the Lucene index. This can be useful to explore a dataset which you don’t know much about. For example, this allows creating a histogram aggregation with meaningful intervals based on the min/max range of values.

The field stats api by defaults executes on all indices, but can execute on specific indices too.

All indices:

curl -XGET "http://localhost:9200/_field_stats?fields=rating"

Specific indices:

curl -XGET "http://localhost:9200/index1,index2/_field_stats?fields=rating"

Supported request options:

fields

A list of fields to compute stats for. The field name supports wildcard notation. For example, using text_* will cause all fields that match the expression to be returned.

level

Defines if field stats should be returned on a per index level or on a cluster wide level. Valid values are indices and cluster (default).

Alternatively the fields option can also be defined in the request body:

curl -XPOST "http://localhost:9200/_field_stats?level=indices" -d '{
   "fields" : ["rating"]
}'

This is equivalent to the previous request.

Field statisticsedit

The field stats api is supported on string based, number based and date based fields and can return the following statistics per field:

max_doc

The total number of documents.

doc_count

The number of documents that have at least one term for this field, or -1 if this measurement isn’t available on one or more shards.

density

The percentage of documents that have at least one value for this field. This is a derived statistic and is based on the max_doc and doc_count.

sum_doc_freq

The sum of each term’s document frequency in this field, or -1 if this measurement isn’t available on one or more shards. Document frequency is the number of documents containing a particular term.

sum_total_term_freq

The sum of the term frequencies of all terms in this field across all documents, or -1 if this measurement isn’t available on one or more shards. Term frequency is the total number of occurrences of a term in a particular document and field.

is_searchable

True if any of the instances of the field is searchable, false otherwise.

is_aggregatable

True if any of the instances of the field is aggregatable, false otherwise.

min_value
The lowest value in the field.
min_value_as_string
The lowest value in the field represented in a displayable form. All fields, but string fields returns this. (since string fields, represent values already as strings)
max_value
The highest value in the field.
max_value_as_string
The highest value in the field represented in a displayable form. All fields, but string fields returns this. (since string fields, represent values already as strings)
Note

Documents marked as deleted (but not yet removed by the merge process) still affect all the mentioned statistics.

Cluster level field statistics exampleedit

Request:

curl -XGET "http://localhost:9200/_field_stats?fields=rating,answer_count,creation_date,display_name"

Response:

{
   "_shards": {
      "total": 1,
      "successful": 1,
      "failed": 0
   },
   "indices": {
      "_all": { 
         "fields": {
            "creation_date": {
               "max_doc": 1326564,
               "doc_count": 564633,
               "density": 42,
               "sum_doc_freq": 2258532,
               "sum_total_term_freq": -1,
               "min_value": "2008-08-01T16:37:51.513Z",
               "max_value": "2013-06-02T03:23:11.593Z",
               "is_searchable": "true",
               "is_aggregatable": "true"
            },
            "display_name": {
               "max_doc": 1326564,
               "doc_count": 126741,
               "density": 9,
               "sum_doc_freq": 166535,
               "sum_total_term_freq": 166616,
               "min_value": "0",
               "max_value": "정혜선",
               "is_searchable": "true",
               "is_aggregatable": "false"
            },
            "answer_count": {
               "max_doc": 1326564,
               "doc_count": 139885,
               "density": 10,
               "sum_doc_freq": 559540,
               "sum_total_term_freq": -1,
               "min_value": 0,
               "max_value": 160,
               "is_searchable": "true",
               "is_aggregatable": "true"
            },
            "rating": {
               "max_doc": 1326564,
               "doc_count": 437892,
               "density": 33,
               "sum_doc_freq": 1751568,
               "sum_total_term_freq": -1,
               "min_value": -14,
               "max_value": 1277,
               "is_searchable": "true",
               "is_aggregatable": "true"
            }
         }
      }
   }
}

The _all key indicates that it contains the field stats of all indices in the cluster.

Note

When using the cluster level field statistics it is possible to have conflicts if the same field is used in different indices with incompatible types. For instance a field of type long is not compatible with a field of type float or string. A section named conflicts is added to the response if one or more conflicts are raised. It contains all the fields with conflicts and the reason of the incompatibility.

{
   "_shards": {
      "total": 1,
      "successful": 1,
      "failed": 0
   },
   "indices": {
      "_all": {
         "fields": {
            "creation_date": {
               "max_doc": 1326564,
               "doc_count": 564633,
               "density": 42,
               "sum_doc_freq": 2258532,
               "sum_total_term_freq": -1,
               "min_value": "2008-08-01T16:37:51.513Z",
               "max_value": "2013-06-02T03:23:11.593Z",
               "is_searchable": "true",
               "is_aggregatable": "true"
            }
         }
      }
   },
   "conflicts": {
        "field_name_in_conflict1": "reason1",
        "field_name_in_conflict2": "reason2"
   }
}

Indices level field statistics exampleedit

Request:

curl -XGET "http://localhost:9200/_field_stats?fields=rating,answer_count,creation_date,display_name&level=indices"

Response:

{
   "_shards": {
      "total": 1,
      "successful": 1,
      "failed": 0
   },
   "indices": {
      "stack": { 
         "fields": {
            "creation_date": {
               "max_doc": 1326564,
               "doc_count": 564633,
               "density": 42,
               "sum_doc_freq": 2258532,
               "sum_total_term_freq": -1,
               "min_value": "2008-08-01T16:37:51.513Z",
               "max_value": "2013-06-02T03:23:11.593Z",
               "is_searchable": "true",
               "is_aggregatable": "true"
            },
            "display_name": {
               "max_doc": 1326564,
               "doc_count": 126741,
               "density": 9,
               "sum_doc_freq": 166535,
               "sum_total_term_freq": 166616,
               "min_value": "0",
               "max_value": "정혜선",
               "is_searchable": "true",
               "is_aggregatable": "false"
            },
            "answer_count": {
               "max_doc": 1326564,
               "doc_count": 139885,
               "density": 10,
               "sum_doc_freq": 559540,
               "sum_total_term_freq": -1,
               "min_value": 0,
               "max_value": 160,
               "is_searchable": "true",
               "is_aggregatable": "true"
            },
            "rating": {
               "max_doc": 1326564,
               "doc_count": 437892,
               "density": 33,
               "sum_doc_freq": 1751568,
               "sum_total_term_freq": -1,
               "min_value": -14,
               "max_value": 1277,
               "is_searchable": "true",
               "is_aggregatable": "true"
            }
         }
      }
   }
}

The stack key means it contains all field stats for the stack index.

Field stats index constraintsedit

Field stats index constraints allows to omit all field stats for indices that don’t match with the constraint. An index constraint can exclude indices' field stats based on the min_value and max_value statistic. This option is only useful if the level option is set to indices. Fields that are not indexed (not searchable) are always omitted when an index constraint is defined.

For example index constraints can be useful to find out the min and max value of a particular property of your data in a time based scenario. The following request only returns field stats for the answer_count property for indices holding questions created in the year 2014:

curl -XPOST "http://localhost:9200/_field_stats?level=indices" -d '{
   "fields" : ["answer_count"] 
   "index_constraints" : { 
      "creation_date" : { 
         "max_value" : { 
            "gte" : "2014-01-01T00:00:00.000Z"
         },
         "min_value" : { 
            "lt" : "2015-01-01T00:00:00.000Z"
         }
      }
   }
}'

The fields to compute and return field stats for.

The set index constraints. Note that index constrains can be defined for fields that aren’t defined in the fields option.

Index constraints for the field creation_date.

Index constraints on the max_value and min_value property of a field statistic.

For a field, index constraints can be defined on the min_value statistic, max_value statistic or both. Each index constraint support the following comparisons:

gte

Greater-than or equal to

gt

Greater-than

lte

Less-than or equal to

lt

Less-than

Field stats index constraints on date fields optionally accept a format option, used to parse the constraint’s value. If missing, the format configured in the field’s mapping is used.

curl -XPOST "http://localhost:9200/_field_stats?level=indices" -d '{
   "fields" : ["answer_count"]
   "index_constraints" : {
      "creation_date" : {
         "max_value" : {
            "gte" : "2014-01-01",
            "format" : "date_optional_time" 
         },
         "min_value" : {
            "lt" : "2015-01-01",
            "format" : "date_optional_time"
         }
      }
   }
}'

Custom date format