migrate

The migrate command migrates existing file-based users and roles to the native realm. From 5.0 onward, you should use the native realm to manage roles and local users.

Synopsis

bin/x-pack/migrate
(native (-U, --url <url>)
[-h, --help] [-E <KeyValuePair>]
[-n, --users <uids>] [-r, --roles <roles>]
[-u, --username <uid>] [-p, --password <password>]
[-s, --silent] [-v, --verbose])

Description

Note

When migrating from Shield 2.x, the migrate tool should be run prior to upgrading to ensure all roles can be migrated as some may be in a deprecated format that X-Pack cannot read. The migrate tool is available in Shield 2.4.0 and higher.

The migrate tool loads the existing file-based users and roles and calls the user and roles APIs to add them to the native realm. You can migrate all users and roles, or specify the ones you want to migrate. Users and roles that already exist in the native realm are not replaced or overridden. If the names you specify with the --users and --roles options don’t exist in the file realm, they are skipped.

Parameters

The native subcommand supports the following options:

-E <KeyValuePair>
Configures a setting.
-h, --help
Returns all of the command parameters.
-n, --users
Comma-separated list of the users that you want to migrate. If this parameter is not specified, all users are migrated.
-p, --password
Password to use for authentication with Elasticsearch.
-r, --roles
Comma-separated list of the roles that you want to migrate. If this parameter is not specified, all roles are migrated.
-s, --silent
Shows minimal output.
-U, --url
Endpoint URL of the Elasticsearch cluster to which you want to migrate the file-based users and roles. This parameter is required.
-u, --username
Username to use for authentication with Elasticsearch.
-v, --verbose
Shows verbose output.

Examples

Run the migrate tool when X-Pack is installed. For example:

$ bin/x-pack/migrate native -U http://localhost:9200 -u elastic
-p x-pack-test-password -n lee,foo -r role1,role2,role3,role4,foo
starting migration of users and roles...
importing users from [/home/es/config/shield/users]...
found existing users: [test_user, joe3, joe2]
migrating user [lee]
{"user":{"created":true}}
no user [foo] found, skipping
importing roles from [/home/es/config/shield/roles.yml]...
found existing roles: [marvel_user, role_query_fields, admin_role, role3, admin,
remote_marvel_agent, power_user, role_new_format_name_array, role_run_as,
logstash, role_fields, role_run_as1, role_new_format, kibana4_server, user,
transport_client, role1.ab, role_query]
migrating role [role1]
{"role":{"created":true}}
migrating role [role2]
{"role":{"created":true}}
role [role3] already exists, skipping
no role [foo] found, skipping
users and roles imported.

Additionally, the -E flag can be used to specify additional settings. For example to specify a different configuration directory, the command would look like:

$ bin/x-pack/migrate native -U http://localhost:9200 -u elastic
-p x-pack-test-password -E path.conf=/etc/elasticsearch