There are several configurations that can be set on a per-request basis, rather than at a connection- or client-level. These are specified as part of the request associative array.
The library attempts to throw exceptions for common problems. These exceptions match the HTTP response code provided
by Elasticsearch. For example, attempting to GET a nonexistent document will throw a
Exceptions are a useful and consistent way to deal with problems like missing documents, syntax errors, version conflicts, etc. But sometimes you want to deal with the response body rather than catch exceptions (often useful in test suites).
If you need that behavior, you can configure an
ignore parameter. This should be configured in the
of the request array. For example, this example will ignore the
exception and instead return the JSON provided by Elasticsearch.
You can specify multiple HTTP status codes to ignore, by providing an array of values:
It should be noted that the response is simply a string, which may or may not be encoded as JSON. In the first example, the response body was a complete JSON object which could be decoded. In the second example, it was simply a string.
Since the client has no way of knowing what the exception response will contain, no attempts to decode it are taken.
Sometimes you need to provide custom query params, such as authentication tokens for a third-party plugin or proxy. All query parameters are white-listed in Elasticsearch-php, which is to protect you from specifying a param which is not accepted by Elasticsearch.
If you need custom parameters, you need to bypass this whitelisting mechanism. To do so, add them to the
parameter as an array of values:
$client = ClientBuilder::create()->build(); $params = [ 'index' => 'test', 'id' => 1, 'parent' => 'abc', // white-listed Elasticsearch parameter 'client' => [ 'custom' => [ 'customToken' => 'abc', // user-defined, not white listed, not checked 'otherToken' => 123 ] ] ]; $exists = $client->exists($params);
By default, the client will only return the response body. If you require more information (e.g. stats about the transfer,
headers, status codes, etc), you can tell the client to return a more verbose response. This is enabled via the
verbose parameter in the client options.
Without verbosity, all you see is the response body:
$client = ClientBuilder::create()->build(); $params = [ 'index' => 'test', 'id' => 1 ]; $response = $client->get($params); print_r($response); Array ( [_index] => test [_type] => _doc [_id] => 1 [_version] => 1 [found] => 1 [_source] => Array ( [field] => value ) )
With verbosity turned on, you will see all of the transfer stats:
$client = ClientBuilder::create()->build(); $params = [ 'index' => 'test', 'id' => 1, 'client' => [ 'verbose' => true ] ]; $response = $client->get($params); print_r($response); Array ( [transfer_stats] => Array ( [url] => http://127.0.0.1:9200/test/test/1 [content_type] => application/json; charset=UTF-8 [http_code] => 200 [header_size] => 86 [request_size] => 51 [filetime] => -1 [ssl_verify_result] => 0 [redirect_count] => 0 [total_time] => 0.00289 [namelookup_time] => 9.7E-5 [connect_time] => 0.000265 [pretransfer_time] => 0.000322 [size_upload] => 0 [size_download] => 96 [speed_download] => 33217 [speed_upload] => 0 [download_content_length] => 96 [upload_content_length] => -1 [starttransfer_time] => 0.002796 [redirect_time] => 0 [redirect_url] => [primary_ip] => 127.0.0.1 [certinfo] => Array ( ) [primary_port] => 9200 [local_ip] => 127.0.0.1 [local_port] => 62971 ) [curl] => Array ( [error] => [errno] => 0 ) [effective_url] => http://127.0.0.1:9200/test/test/1 [headers] => Array ( [Content-Type] => Array (  => application/json; charset=UTF-8 ) [Content-Length] => Array (  => 96 ) ) [status] => 200 [reason] => OK [body] => Array ( [_index] => test [_type] => _doc [_id] => 1 [_version] => 1 [found] => 1 [_source] => Array ( [field] => value ) ) )
It is possible to configure per-request curl timeouts via the
connect_timeout parameters. These
control the client-side, curl timeouts. The
connect_timeout paramter controls how long curl should wait for the
"connect" phase to finish, while the
timeout parameter controls how long curl should wait for the entire request
If either timeout expires, curl will close the connection and return an error. Both parameters should be specified in seconds.
Note: client-side timeouts do not mean that Elasticsearch aborts the request. Elasticsearch will continue executing
the request until it completes. In the case of a slow query or bulk request, the operation will continue executing
"in the background", unknown to your client. If your client kills connections rapidly with a timeout, only to immediately
execute another request, it is possible to swamp the server with many connections because there is no "back-pressure" on the
client. In these situations, you will see the appropriate threadpool queue growing in size, and may start receiving
EsRejectedExecutionException exceptions from Elasticsearch when the queue finally reaches capacity.
$client = ClientBuilder::create()->build(); $params = [ 'index' => 'test', 'id' => 1, 'client' => [ 'timeout' => 10, // ten second timeout 'connect_timeout' => 10 ] ]; $response = $client->get($params);
The client supports asynchronous, batch processing of requests. This is enabled (if your HTTP handler supports it) on
a per-request basis via the
future parameter in the client options:
$client = ClientBuilder::create()->build(); $params = [ 'index' => 'test', 'id' => 1, 'client' => [ 'future' => 'lazy' ] ]; $future = $client->get($params); $results = $future->wait(); // resolve the future
Future mode supports two options:
'lazy'. For more details about how asynchronous execution functions, and
how to work with the results, see the dedicated page on Future Mode.
Normally, you will specify SSL configurations when you create the client (see
Security for more details), since encryption typically
applies to all requests. However, it is possible to configure on a per-request basis too if you need that functionality.
For example, if you need to use a self-signed cert on a specific request, you can specify it via the
in the client options:
$client = ClientBuilder::create()->build(); $params = [ 'index' => 'test', 'id' => 1, 'client' => [ 'verify' => 'path/to/cacert.pem' //Use a self-signed certificate ] ]; $result = $client->get($params);