Date time providersedit

Not typically something you’ll have to pass to the client but all calls to System.DateTime.UtcNow in the client have been abstracted behind an IDateTimeProvider interface. This allows us to unit test timeouts and cluster failover without being bound to wall clock time as calculated by using System.DateTime.UtcNow directly.

var dateTimeProvider = DateTimeProvider.Default;

dateTimeProvider.Now().Should().BeCloseTo(DateTime.UtcNow);

As you can see, dates are always returned in UTC from the default implementation.

Another responsibility of this interface is to calculate the time a node has to be taken out of rotation based on the number of attempts to revive it. For very advanced use cases, this might be something of interest to provide a custom implementation for.

The default timeout calculation is

min(timeout * 2 ^ (attempts * 0.5 -1), maxTimeout)

where the default values for timeout and maxTimeout are

var timeout = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(1);
var maxTimeout = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(30);

Plotting these defaults looks as follows

Figure 1. Default formula, x-axis number of attempts to revive, y-axis time in minutes

dead timeout

The goal here is that whenever a node is resurrected and is found to still be offline, we send it back to the doghouse for an ever increasingly long period, until we hit a bounded maximum.

var dateTimeProvider = DateTimeProvider.Default;

var timeouts = Enumerable.Range(0, 30)
    .Select(attempt => dateTimeProvider.DeadTime(attempt, timeout, maxTimeout))
    .ToList();

foreach (var increasedTimeout in timeouts.Take(10))
    increasedTimeout.Should().BeWithin(maxTimeout);