Security Contextedit

In Kubernetes, a securityContext defines privilege and access control settings for a Pod or Container. You can set up it through the podTemplate section of an Elastic resource specification.

Default Elasticsearch security contextedit

As of version 8.8.0, the Elasticsearch container and ECK managed sidecars and init containers are running with the following security context:

securityContext:
  allowPrivilegeEscalation: false
  capabilities:
    drop:
    - ALL
  privileged: false
  readOnlyRootFilesystem: true 

readOnlyRootFilesystem is only enabled if the elasticsearch-data directory is mounted in a volume.

Running older versions of Elasticsearch as non-rootedit

when running on Red Hat OpenShift a random user ID is automatically assigned and the following instructions do not apply.

In versions of Elasticsearch before 8.0.0, the Elastisearch container is run as root and its entrypoint is responsible to run the Elasticsearch process with the elasticsearch user (defined with ID 1000). In the background, ECK uses an initContainer to make sure that the data volume is writable for the elasticsearch user.

To run the Elastisearch container as a non-root user, you need to configure the Elasticsearch manifest with an appropriate security context to make the data volume writable to the elasticsearch user by specifying the right group ID through the fsGroup.

Kubernetes recursively changes ownership and permissions for the contents of each volume to match the fsGroup specified in a Pod’s securityContext when that volume is mounted and makes all processes of the containers part of the supplementary group ID.

For example, if you force the Pod to run as user 1234, you need to set fsGroup accordingly to 1234:

apiVersion: elasticsearch.k8s.elastic.co/v1
kind: Elasticsearch
metadata:
  name: quickstart
spec:
  version: 8.12.2
spec:
  nodeSets:
  - name: default
    count: 3
    podTemplate:
      spec:
        securityContext:
          runAsUser: 1234 
          fsGroup: 1234 

Any containers in the Pod run all processes with user ID 1234.

All processes are also part of the supplementary group ID 1234, that owns the Pod volumes.