Kubernetes moduleedit

As one of the main pieces provided for Kubernetes monitoring, this module is capable of fetching metrics from several components:

Some of the previous components are running on each of the Kubernetes nodes (like kubelet or proxy) while others provide a single cluster-wide endpoint. This is important to determine the optimal configuration and running strategy for the different metricsets included in the module.

For a complete reference on how to configure and run this module on Kubernetes as part of a DaemonSet and a Deployment, there’s a complete example manifest available in Running Metricbeat on Kubernetes document.

Kubernetes endpoints and metricsetsedit

Kubernetes module is a bit complex as its internal metricsets require access to a wide variety of endpoints.

This section highlights and introduces some groups of metricsets with similar endpoint access needs. For more details on the metricsets see configuration example and the metricsets sections below.

node / system / pod / container / moduleedit

The default metricsets container, node, pod, system and volume require access to the kubelet endpoint in each of the Kubernetes nodes, hence it’s recommended to include them as part of a Metricbeat DaemonSet or standalone Metricbeats running on the hosts.

Depending on the version and configuration of Kubernetes nodes, kubelet might provide a read only http port (typically 10255), which is used in some configuration examples. But in general, and lately, this endpoint requires SSL (https) access (to port 10250 by default) and token based authentication.

state_* and eventedit

All metricsets with the state_ prefix require hosts field pointing to kube-state-metrics service within the cluster. As the service provides cluster-wide metrics, there’s no need to fetch them per node, hence the recommendation is to run these metricsets as part of a Metricbeat Deployment with one only replica.

Note: Kube-state-metrics is not deployed by default in Kubernetes. For these cases the instructions for its deployment are available here. Generally kube-state-metrics runs a Deployment and is accessible via a service called kube-state-metrics on kube-system namespace, which will be the service to use in our configuration.

apiserveredit

The apiserver metricset requires access to the Kubernetes API, which should be easily available in all Kubernetes environments. Depending on the Kubernetes configuration, the API access might require SSL (https) and token based authentication.

In order to access the /metrics path of the API service, some Kubernetes environments might require the following permission to be added to a ClusterRole.

rules:
- nonResourceURLs:
  - /metrics
  verbs:
  - get

proxyedit

The proxy metricset requires access to the proxy endpoint in each of Kubernetes nodes, hence it’s recommended to configure it as a part of a Metricbeat DaemonSet.

scheduler and controllermanageredit

These metricsets require access to the Kubernetes controller-manager and scheduler endpoints. By default, these pods run only on master nodes, and they are not exposed via a Service, but there are different strategies available for its configuration:

  • Create Kubernetes Services to make kube-controller-manager and kube-scheduler available and configure the metricsets to point to these services as part of a Metricbeat Deployment.
  • Use Autodiscovery functionality as part of a Metricbeat DaemonSet and include the metricsets in a conditional template applied for the specific pods.

Note: In some "As a Service" Kubernetes implementations, like GKE, the master nodes or even the pods running on the masters won’t be visible. In these cases it won’t be possible to use scheduler and controllermanager metricsets.

Kubernetes RBACedit

Metricbeat requires certain cluster level privileges in order to fetch the metrics. The following example creates a ServiceAcount named metricbeat with the necessary permissions to run all the metricsets from the module. A ClusterRole and a ClusterRoleBinding are created for this purpose:

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: metricbeat
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: metricbeat
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: metricbeat
  labels:
    k8s-app: metricbeat
rules:
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources:
  - nodes
  - namespaces
  - events
  - pods
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
- apiGroups: ["extensions"]
  resources:
  - replicasets
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
- apiGroups: ["apps"]
  resources:
  - statefulsets
  - deployments
  - replicasets
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - nodes/stats
  verbs:
  - get
- nonResourceURLs:
  - /metrics
  verbs:
  - get
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: metricbeat
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: metricbeat
  namespace: kube-system
roleRef:
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: metricbeat
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io

Compatibilityedit

The Kubernetes module is tested with Kubernetes 1.13.x, 1.14.x, 1.15.x, 1.16.x, 1.17.x, and 1.18.x

Dashboardedit

Kubernetes module is shipped including default dashboards for apiserver, controllermanager, scheduler and proxy.

If you are using HA for those components, be aware that when gathering data from all instances the dashboard will usually show and average of the metrics. For those scenarios filtering by hosts or service address is possible.

Dashboards for controllermanager scheduler and proxy are not compatible with kibana versions below 7.2.0

Kubernetes controller manager example:

metricbeat kubernetes controllermanager

Kubernetes scheduler example:

metricbeat kubernetes scheduler

Kubernetes proxy example:

metricbeat kubernetes proxy

Example configurationedit

The Kubernetes module supports the standard configuration options that are described in Modules. Here is an example configuration:

metricbeat.modules:
# Node metrics, from kubelet:
- module: kubernetes
  metricsets:
    - container
    - node
    - pod
    - system
    - volume
  period: 10s
  enabled: true
  hosts: ["https://${NODE_NAME}:10250"]
  bearer_token_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
  ssl.verification_mode: "none"
  #ssl.certificate_authorities:
  #  - /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/service-ca.crt
  #ssl.certificate: "/etc/pki/client/cert.pem"
  #ssl.key: "/etc/pki/client/cert.key"

  # Enriching parameters:
  add_metadata: true
  # When used outside the cluster:
  #host: node_name
  # If kube_config is not set, KUBECONFIG environment variable will be checked
  # and if not present it will fall back to InCluster
  #kube_config: ~/.kube/config

# State metrics from kube-state-metrics service:
- module: kubernetes
  enabled: true
  metricsets:
    - state_node
    - state_daemonset
    - state_deployment
    - state_replicaset
    - state_statefulset
    - state_pod
    - state_container
    - state_cronjob
    - state_resourcequota
    - state_service
    - state_persistentvolume
    - state_persistentvolumeclaim
    - state_storageclass
    # Uncomment this to get k8s events:
    #- event  period: 10s
  hosts: ["kube-state-metrics:8080"]

  # Enriching parameters:
  add_metadata: true
  # When used outside the cluster:
  #host: node_name
  # If kube_config is not set, KUBECONFIG environment variable will be checked
  # and if not present it will fall back to InCluster
  #kube_config: ~/.kube/config

# Kubernetes API server
# (when running metricbeat as a deployment)
- module: kubernetes
  enabled: true
  metricsets:
    - apiserver
  hosts: ["https://${KUBERNETES_SERVICE_HOST}:${KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT}"]
  bearer_token_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
  ssl.certificate_authorities:
    - /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt
  period: 30s



# Kubernetes proxy server
# (when running metricbeat locally at hosts or as a daemonset + host network)
- module: kubernetes
  enabled: true
  metricsets:
    - proxy
  hosts: ["localhost:10249"]
  period: 10s

# Kubernetes controller manager
# (URL and deployment method should be adapted to match the controller manager deployment / service / endpoint)
- module: kubernetes
  enabled: true
  metricsets:
    - controllermanager
  hosts: ["http://localhost:10252"]
  period: 10s

# Kubernetes scheduler
# (URL and deployment method should be adapted to match scheduler deployment / service / endpoint)
- module: kubernetes
  enabled: true
  metricsets:
    - scheduler
  hosts: ["localhost:10251"]
  period: 10s

This module supports TLS connections when using ssl config field, as described in SSL. It also supports the options described in Standard HTTP config options.

Metricsetsedit

The following metricsets are available: